Informatics Is: Understanding Computer Systems

Nafa Lightyani

What is Informatics, Definition and Computer Systems – Informatics is a scientific discipline that has an important role in today's life. Regarding the definition of informatics in general, it is a skill related to information. As we know, information can be captured or transferred. This is included as a sign, or as a wave signal.

This area includes interaction between information systems and users, as well as creating interfaces between the two, such as User Interface (UI).

We can use computers to convert large amounts of data because they can be stored digitally. And because of the vast amount of information accessible, computers are often the only way to make that information relevant to humans.

In this regard, in this article, we will explore what informatics is with a more complete and complete explanation. Let's get straight to it, let's look at the review below!

Understanding Informatics in General

What is informatics? Informatics is the study of the behavior and structure of any system that creates, stores, processes, and then displays information. As we discussed earlier, this is simply information science.

Informatics is a science related to processing information using computers. This science includes aspects such as design, development and use of information technology, as well as data analysis and processing.

This area discusses the interaction between information systems and users and the creation of interfaces between the two, such as user interfaces.

Informatics involves a number of different fields, including computer programming, computer networks, databases, information security, and artificial intelligence.

The main goal of informatics is to create information Systems efficient, effective and integrated to help humans process information.

The application of informatics can be found in almost all aspects of human life, such as business, government, health, education and entertainment.

In business, for example, informatics can be used to increase productivity and efficiency, as well as improve customer experience through innovative information technology solutions.

Meanwhile, in the health sector, informatics can help doctors and medical personnel diagnose and treat diseases more accurately and quickly.

In its development, informatics is increasingly becoming an important part of human life. As information technology advances, new applications and systems continue to emerge, allowing information to be available and accessible more easily and quickly.

What is Computer Informatics

So, what is the definition of informatics in computers? Everything related to the collection, processing, storage and presentation of data as information falls under what is known as “informatics”, which is an umbrella term for various related fields.

Informatics covers a wide range of scientific fields, but here are some of the most important:

  1. Computer Science
  2. Information science
  3. Information Systems
  4. Computer Engineering
  5. Information programs or applications (contained in management information systems)

In information systems, the term “informatics” encompasses more than just computer-based information systems; There is still a lot of informatics that cannot be processed by informatics which may fall into this category.

Informatics has its own principles, theories and software development. It can help with issues related to cognitive and social dimensions, including the social effects and impacts of technology current information in general.

In other subjects, such as bioinformatics, medical informatics, and information support library science, the field of informatics makes use of pre-existing information.

Understanding Informatics According to Experts

If we want a clearer picture of informatics, we need input from subject matter experts and other experts.

So what is informatics? Informatics is the study of computers and data. If you want a clearer picture of informatics, we will discuss it in this article.

Below are several definitions of informatics according to experts that you need to know:

1. Philippe Dreyfus and l`Academie Francaise

According to Philippe Dreyfus and l'Academie Francaise, in the sense of the word informatics, or informatics is a collection of scientific disciplines (scientific disciplines) and engineering disciplines (engineering disciplines) which specifically concerns the transformation or processing of "symbolic facts (data or information), especially using automatic machine facilities such as computers.

2. Wikipedia

Informatics is a field of study that focuses on the use of computers to organize and analyze large amounts of data, both in the form of data and information on computing-based machines.

In general, informatics studies the structure, properties and interactions of several systems used to collect data, process and store the results of data processing, and display information in a useful form.

This field of study covers various disciplines, including information systems, computer science, information science, computer engineering, and information applications in management information systems.

3. Ministry of Education and Culture (Kemdikbud) team

Meanwhile, according to the team from the Ministry of Education and Culture (Kemdikbud), especially on page 3, informatics is a type of scientific scope relating to the study of design and development in computing systems, as well as several principles that form the basis of their design and development.

History of Informatics

If you're going to talk about informatics, you should at least know its origins, right? Yes! In 1957, Karl Steinbuch, a German computer scientist, coined the word “informatics” in a work entitled:

The phrase “informatics” is therefore used interchangeably with the term computer science, because the German origin of the word itself, namely “informatik or die informatics”, is usually translated into English as computer science or computing.

In 1994, the University of Edinburgh in Scotland founded a group (now its school of informatics) and described the layman's interpretation of informatics as “the study of the structure, algorithms, behavior and interconnection of natural and artificial computer systems.” Even in 2022, the phrase will be widely used in the UK, as it is now.

Benefits of Studying Informatics

By studying informatics, there are several benefits you can get, including:

  1. Provides broad career opportunities: Informatics is a field that is always developing, so the career opportunities available are increasingly diverse. Some examples of career fields in informatics are software developer, network administrator, information security expert, data scientist, and many more.
  2. Improve technology skills: By studying informatics, one can understand various technologies and software, and can utilize them more effectively in everyday life.
  3. Increase creativity: In studying informatics, a person is faced with problems that require creative and innovative solutions, so it can help improve creativity skills.
  4. Increase efficiency and productivity: Informatics helps speed up and simplify work processes, thereby increasing the efficiency and productivity of a person or organization.
  5. Increase understanding of the digital world: In today's digital era, almost all aspects of human life are connected to information technology. By studying informatics, someone can understand and follow developments in the digital world better.
  6. Helps overcome complex problems: Informatics helps someone to overcome complex problems that require systematic and logical solutions, so that it can help improve their ability to solve problems.
  7. Increasing competitiveness: In the current era of globalization, skills in the field of informatics are important in increasing the competitiveness of a person or organization in the global market.
  8. Helps create innovation: In studying informatics, someone will learn various technologies and software that can be used to create new innovations in various fields.

Thus, studying informatics can provide great and varied benefits for individuals and organizations in various aspects of life.

Prime Examples from Informatics

Informatics has many examples of applications that can be found in everyday life, including:

  1. Software applications, such as Microsoft Office, Adobe Photoshop, and others, that are used to process data, create presentations, or edit photos and videos.
  2. A database system, such as Oracle, MySQL, or SQL Server, is used to store and manage large, complex data.
  3. Management information systems, such as academic information management systems in universities, accounting information systems in companies, or health information systems in hospitals, are used to manage information and business processes.
  4. A computer network, such as the internet, intranet, or LAN (Local Area Network), is used to connect devices and enable the exchange of information within and between organizations.
  5. Artificial intelligence, such as chatbots, facial recognition, or autonomous cars, is used to create computer systems that can think and act like humans.
  6. Information security, such as network security systems, data encryption, or user verification, which is used to protect data and information systems from cyber attacks.
  7. Expert systems, such as medical diagnostic systems, are used to assist doctors in making diagnoses and treatment recommendations.
  8. Computer graphics, such as animated films, games, or simulations, used to create realistic and interactive virtual worlds.

The examples above are only a small part of the very broad and varied applications of informatics, and with the continued development of information technology, perhaps more examples of the application of informatics will emerge in the future.

Scope of Informatics

Referring back to the discussion about what informatics is and how informatics is formed, the broader scope of informatics can include several things.

The following are some of the many aspects of the informatics field that you should know:

1. Information Theory

The initial scope of informatics was information theory. a theory that analyzes the idea of ​​information mathematically.

2. Information Science

Information science is a field of study that looks at how to collect, describe, transform, store, access and transmit information for social and social purposes.

3. Computer Science and Computer Engineering

Informatics is the study of how information technology and computer-based programming are used to analyze, store, and share data. Computer science and computer engineering study this.

4. Information System

Information systems is a subfield of informatics that focuses on the design and implementation of information systems that can handle a variety of different types of data.

5. Information Security Science

Information security is a field of informatics that explores the study of the process of securing and protecting data from what is on a system or computer. It is well known and generally associated with computer security systems.

6. Social Informatics

The final scope of informatics is social informatics. Social and organizational transformations, technology in social environments, and the ways in which social factors and practices impact information technology institutions all fall within this field of informatics study. social and also social

OK, based on the debate about the meaning of informatics, what is informatics? From the experts, history, and breadth above, we can conclude that informatics is the application of data-centric strategies to solve difficult problems.

Information in this multidisciplinary field comes from various groups with different backgrounds, such as computer programmers, doctors, biologists, professors, and others.

There is still no common definition for informatics because many institutions, educational or otherwise, have their own meanings for the term.

Even though they all have various methods to describe them, in essence they all remain at the same core with the study and use of technology and information in the process.

Explain about computer systems

It's no surprise that so many people have grown up around computers in this high-tech era. Many tasks, such as producing and distributing important papers, can only be completed with the help of computer systems.

Computer systems are common in society, but do you know what the meaning of the computer system itself? In other words, a computer system is a collection of network devices used to process user data.

Software, hardware, and brain devices are some of the other terms used to describe computer systems.

These three circuits have diverse but complementary roles. Because of this, computers are better equipped to handle data processing.

Consider the following example: If the brainware (user) does not provide input commands or work instructions to the hardware, no work processes occur or results are sent.

In the absence of hardware as a working environment or brain devices to utilize it, software is also useless. Let's get to know these three components of a computer system better.

What is the Function of Informatics in Computer Systems

Computer systems also have their own purposes. Did you know that computer systems have four main tasks that we often use in our daily lives? An explanation of the four objectives of a computer system is as follows:

1. Data Storage

The initial purpose of a computer system is to store output data. This output data is the result of raw data processing by computer memory.

2. Data Processing

The raw data entered by the user is processed by the computer system. This operation is carried out by the "brain" of the computer, specifically the central processing unit CPU). Processing begins with the transformation of raw input into information that can be read by the computer's memory.

3. Produce Output

Producing audio, video, and images, as well as paper, will be the responsibility of the next computer system. This output comes from data that has been previously processed by the system.

4. Processing Input Data

The final function of a computer system is processing input data. All kinds of data input by computer users via hardware will be handled by the system, such as keyboard, microphone, mouse, USB, and so on.

The use of computer systems is an unavoidable aspect of daily life, especially in large, contemporary metropolitan areas.

You will also agree that in today's digital world, computer systems are the best way to get a lot of work done.

Many of our daily activities, such as working, studying, doing business, and even being creative, have been made easier by computer systems. Apart from the various advantages of computers, have you understood all these digital devices? Computer systems will be discussed in depth in this article.


Below we have summarized some frequently asked questions about Informatics, as follows:

1. What is learned in the Informatics Study Program?

The Informatics study program studies various fields such as programming, data analysis, cyber security, and software development. Apart from that, the Informatics study program also equips students with skills to solve problems using information technology.

2. What do informatics majors have to be smart about?

Not just logic, but courses related to discrete mathematics, statistics, calculus, algebra, and even algorithms also demand a high level of accuracy. This accuracy is also very important when you are working on code.

3. Is majoring in Informatics Engineering difficult?

At state universities, Department Technical Information It is indeed more difficult to get because the capacity provided is very limited and the number of people interested in this major is far beyond the limit. It could be said that there are 1.000 prospective students from this department, but the available capacity is only 30-40 seats.

4. How to Learn Informatics Engineering?

  1. Understand basic programming of course, before you want to master programming
  2. You have to know what you really want to achieve.
  3. Comply with detailed tutorials and modules.
  4. More time spent honing your skills.
  5. Create a Study Group.
  6. Learning requires self-discipline.

5. What is the Difference Between Informatics and Computer Science?

Informatics and Computer Science are often used interchangeably, but there are actually differences between the two. Informatics focuses more on the application of information technology in fields such as business, health, and government, while Computer Science focuses more on the basics of mathematics and computer science theory.

6. What are the skills needed to become an informatics expert?

To become an Informatics expert, several important skills are required such as programming, data analysis, cyber security, and interpersonal skills. Apart from that, informatics experts must also be able to continue learning and following developments in information technology.

7. What is the Role of Informatics in the Business World?

Informatics plays an important role in the business world. By using information technology, businesses can increase operational efficiency, optimize decision making, and improve information security.


Informatics is the study of the behavior and structure of any system that creates, stores, processes, and then displays information. As we discussed earlier, this is simply information science.

That is information about what Informatics is, functions and computer systems. Hopefully the article above can be useful and helpful to all of you.

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Nafa Lightyani

I am a content writer for SEO, Technology, Finance, Travel, Cooking Recipes and others. I hope this can be useful for all my friends.