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HTML, or hyper text markup language, is the language used to create websites and facilitates making connections between different pages.
You need to remember that HTML is a markup language and not a programming language, and can only be used to add data and meaning to text documents.
Although HTML does not have the capacity to build dynamic functionality, it provides users with the same document organization and HTML options as Microsoft Word.
Understanding HTML in General
Hypertext markup language, or HTML for short, is a computer language that is widely used to develop websites that can be accessed via a web browser and displayed with various kinds of information.
Know the Understanding of HTML According to Experts
After you know the meaning of HTML in general, you also have to know this understanding according to experts, including:
According to Astamal (2006:8)
Tags in hypertext markup language ( HTML) are tags in a document that tell the browser how to render a web page.
According to Lia Kuswayatno
Hypertext markup language (HTML) is a standard for creating web pages that allows users to navigate from one page to another by clicking text links.
According to Nugroho (2006c:48)
The definition of HTML according to Nugroho is the text formatting language used in documents that are shared through computer networks, or what is commonly known as the WWW (World Wide Web).
According to Suyanto (2007:83)
Web page is a programming language used to write web pages such as, . HTML, .htm, or .shtml,.
According to Sidik and Pohan (2007:9)
Hyper text markup language is the meaning of HTML. Any text editor can be used to write HTML files because they are just plain text.
According to Oktavian (2010:13)
HTML is a language that web browsers recognize, in order to get information on the language used to create visually appealing content as opposed to plain text.
According to Arief (2011:23)
Hyper text markup language ( HTML) means one of the file types used to create web-based documents and programs.
According to Ardhana (2012a:42)
Web browsers understand HTML as a language for displaying many types of content, including text, graphics, sound, animation, and video.
History Regarding HTML
IBM (International Business Machines), a manufacturer of hardware and software computer, developed the first version of HTML. In the early 1980s, IBM has created a programming language that integrates text with tags and symbols.
Generalized Markup Language (GML) is the name of this language. Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) replaced GML in 1986 following its promulgation by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
With the goal of standardizing the creation of business documents and other types of workforce, SGML was developed. HTML was created in 1989 by CERN employee Tim Berners-Lee. At that point, it was just a language running on a page.
Tim Berners Lee is generally credited with creating HTML, which is included in SGML. World Wide Web The Consortium (W3C) now regulates the use and development of HTML.
Functions and Benefits of HTML
HTML is a programming language with its own unique purpose and benefits, especially in website creation. The functions and benefits are listed below.
- Makes reading and understanding of website pages easier for developers.
Each and every one of these websites is built using only the most basic HTML programming language.
- It's easy to customize large blocks of text, margins, or footnotes by providing specific tags or symbols.
- Compatible with other website programming languages (like php, java script or css) and easy to mix and copy.
- The basic HTML programming language makes it easy to modify the position of embedded objects such as tables, images and videos.
- Website parts like header, footer, main, navigation and more are assigned their own unique HTML tags for easy reading and modification.
How HTML Works
HTML page structure is similar to standard text, with the exception of a few lines of code called tags. To make text appear italic, for example, the HTML code must include certain code tags at the beginning and end of the relevant sections.
The technical sequence of operations is to start by writing the opening tag code before writing the text, then writing the text, and then writing the closing tag code.
HTML is a computer language that emphasizes component organization, website design, and customizing text properties such as fonts, colors, and spacing.
The resulting file is an HTML document, often ending in . HTML or .htm, which can be viewed in HTML browsers such as chrome, firefox or safari.
The advantages and disadvantages contained in HTML
Some of the advantages and disadvantages of using HTML as the basic language for web development are as follows:
Advantages of HTML
The advantages contained in HTML, are as follows:
- Due to its wide use, it has access to a lot of data.
- There is a very large population there.
- Works with any web browser.
- This language is very accessible for use by even the most inexperienced programmer.
- Clean and orderly code design.
- It's free because it's open source.
- Integration with back-end languages like php and node.js is very easy.
- Organizations like w3c are directly responsible (world wide web consortium).
Deficiencies contained in HTML, are as follows:
- Some new functions may not work properly with faster web browsers.
- Web browsers may display new tags unexpectedly, complicating the process of displaying New Tags.
HTML Basic Structure
Basically, HTML consists of the following elements:
- !DOCTYPE html>
Here's an overview of basic HTML tags and how they work:
This is the part of the HTML that determines the type of document to be displayed.
Since it contains all the other components, it acts as the main HTML element.
This element is used to enter data that is not displayed but is still accessed the first time.
Represents the page title as it appears in a web browser tab.
Contains information that is displayed by the browser to be seen by visitors to the page
An example of a question and answer sentence about the meaning of HTML is as follows:
What are the advantages of using CSS over HTML?
The advantages of using CSS over HTML are reduced HTML file size, improved writing structure, reduced page load times, and the same CSS file can be used for multiple pages.
What are HTML and CSS Coding Functions?
Simply put, CSS is used to change the format and appearance of web pages. The use of HTML tags allows CSS to work and be applied. With CSS, the appearance of a web page can be modified with just a few short HTML tags, leading to a more aesthetically pleasing and functional result.
HTML is not a programming language but it is a markup language. HTML also places an emphasis on structuring components, website design, and modifying text attributes such as size, color, and spacing.
That's all the information about understanding HTML, I hope the information can be useful for all of you.