Complete Understanding of Local Area Network LAN

Rancakmedia.com – LAN is short for local area network, if you want to know more complete information about the meaning of local area network, please read the article we have made below.

local area network, a network that allows hardware and software to communicate with each other within a limited area.

Know What is LAN?

lan is a type of computer network intended to function in a rather small and limited area. Local area networks are referred to as LANs.

Know what is LAN

Usually this LAN network is widely available in business buildings, schools, households, and cafes. Apart from LAN, MAN and WAN are two other types of networks to consider.

How are LANs and WANs different from each other? For additional information, see the entire explanation in the next article. Come on!

Any network that extends only within a small area is referred to as a "LAN" (local area network). Computer networks in workplaces, schools, cafes, and private residences are examples of LANs in use.

A local area network(LAN) is a type of computer network that uses a high-speed connection of between 2 and 100 megabits per second (Mbps) to transfer data across short distances.

On a LAN, each computer can access the resources on the LAN according to the access allowed that has been previously defined. LAN allows the use of one printer simultaneously and data sharing.

So, by utilizing this LAN technology, we no longer need to bother pulling cables to connect computers or other devices.

The difference between LAN, MAN and WAN

MAN and WAN are terms used in internet networking technologies that are not often associated with local area networks (LANs). So what's the difference between the three?

As discussed above, a Local Area Network, or LAN, is a network of computers where networks can connect to each other with local area coverage. LAN is a computer communication system that is limited to a distance of no more than a few kilometers and uses high-speed connections between 2 and 100 Mbps.

Metropolitan Area Network, or MAN, is a computer network in which the network can cover a wider area than a LAN. In addition, MAN uses additional state-of-the-art equipment. MAN network is a combination of many LAN networks that reach a distance of 10-50 kilometers.

The MAN network approach can be used in office or agency networks that are all located in the same city. In order for MAN to operate, a computer with a telecommunication operator is required.

Meanwhile, Vast Area Network or WAN is a computer network with a very wide range that can reach just one country, friend.

The use of fiber optic cables, satellites and microwaves are all required for a WAN network. This is what makes WAN networks widely accessible, but of course the costs incurred are also quite expensive. A WAN has a fairly fast transmission speed, ranging from 2 Mbps to 625 Mbps or even more.

Local Area Network Features

Some of the characteristics of the LAN are as follows:

Local Area Network Features

  1. LANs are in smaller geographic areas, such as workplaces, campuses, cafes, schools, and residences.
  2. LAN has a high data transport speed.
  3. LAN can work properly without the need for a telecommunications connection and does not require internet connectivity.
  4. LAN is suitable for personal or internal use as it is managed by a local administrator.

Local Area Network Network Devices

LAN network devices are the devices we need so that a LAN network can be built. What are these devices? Here's the list, pal.

  1. Routers
  2. Switches
  3. Hubs
  4. Bridge
  5. Repeaters
  6. Network Interface Cards
  7. UTP cable

Basic Components of a Local Area Network Network

The basic components of a LAN network are some of the basic network components that are built in such a way that they can connect many computers. These are some of the basic components of a LAN network.

Workstations

A computer system serves as a host for a workstation.

servers

Server is hardware that is used to serve networks and workstations connected to the network.

Link

A link is a local area network (LAN) component that physically connects computers, such as workstations and servers.

Network Interface Cards

There are electrical circuits specifically made to handle network protocols on network interface cards (NIC).

Network Software

LAN networks run on network software, which ensures that everything works as it should.

Local Area Network Functions

Basically, the purpose of a LAN is to connect many computers on a network so that our work processes become simpler and faster. However, there are additional roles in a LAN network, as shown below.

Remote Computer

In a LAN network, remote computer tasks can be performed without the need to be connected to the internet. You can use Remote Desktop Manager/Connection capabilities offered by Microsoft operating systems.

Connecting 2 Computers or More

Another use of a LAN is that two computers can be connected directly using a UTP cable connected to both computers.

Connecting 2 Computers or More

But if you plan to connect more than two computers, you will need additional devices such as a switch or hub.

Transferring Files from One Computer to Another

In addition, the role of a LAN is to allow you to transport data from one computer to another more easily and simply.

By using your computer sharing technique to share files over a local computer network (LAN), you can eliminate the need to constantly switch between your computer and flash disk.

Transferring Files from One Computer to Another

A LAN, or local area network, is a system for transferring data between computers without the need for an internet connection. This function is called LAN chat. To achieve this, there are normal Windows operating system applications that you can use, such as winchat.exe or other LAN chat software.

Local Area Network Chats

As previously explained, the function of a LAN network is in addition to exchanging data, we can also share printers. Because it is so simple, it can save you money.

Sharing printers

As previously explained, the function of a LAN network is in addition to exchanging data, we can also share printers. Because it is so simple, it can save you money.

Local Area Network Topology

The pattern or form of interaction between nodes in a network is called topology. The following is an example of a LAN topology:

Mesh Topology

Mesh topology is a network where computers are connected point to point (point to point) (point to point). So, any device can interact directly, and all computers will be connected one by one without interruption.

Star Topology

Star topology is a network that connects all computers and devices to a switch or hub. In a centralized architecture, some computers operate as servers while others work as workstations.

Ring Topology

A network with a ring topology is a network in which all computers and devices connected to the cable form a continuous loop. This topology uses a decentralized network layout.

Bus Topology

Bus topology is a type of topology that connects all computers in series with the main cable as the data flow center. This architecture is primarily used in small-scale networks where all network devices are connected by a single cable, sometimes referred to as a bus so that all computers are directly connected to the cable. This topology uses a decentralized network layout.

Tree Topology

Tree topology is a type of topology that combines bus topology with star topology. This topology is also called multilevel topology because it is used for connectivity between low hierarchies for low locations and high hierarchies for high locations.

Example of a Local Area Network

The following are some LAN case studies. Full daily action with LAN examples. Any?

  1. Telephone
  2. Router or access point settings
  3. Internet
  4. Sharing data
  5. Laptop or PC connection to television

Advantages and Disadvantages of Local Area Networks

The term “LAN” refers to a network that is limited to a local area. Even so, LAN has its own advantages and disadvantages, friend. What are the advantages and disadvantages of LANs?

Advantages and Disadvantages of LANs

Advantages of Local Area Networks

Since it only covers a limited area and does not require expensive equipment such as fiber optics or satellites, it does not have high costs.

Our computers will be able to share resources and transmit data more quickly thanks to a local computer network (LAN). LAN does not require a telecommunications provider to be able to build a network.

LAN network data is consolidated on one computer. This server displays data that can be seen by any computer.

Disadvantages of Local Area Networks

  1. Limited connection area.
  2. Every computer's security is at risk because it can be seen by anyone.
  3. The entire LAN network will be disrupted if a virus infects the central server computer.

Local Area Network Installation

Here's a quick tutorial on how to set up a local area network (LAN) for you, pal.

UTP cable installation

UTP cabling is used to build a computer network. This cable connects the computer's LAN network to the rest of the network.

Set Local Area Network Settings on the Computer

How to configure computer LAN settings, specifically:

  1. First click Start in the lower left corner of the PC, then click Control Panel.
  2. Then click Network Connections.
  3. To access the Properties window, click on it.
  4. Click on General Internet Protocols, and then on Internet Protocol Properties.
  5. Configure your router's IP address and other options.

Configuring IP Addresses

This is how it's done:

  1. Right click the network icon.
  2. Settings-IP-01
  • If you are connected to the internet via WiFi, the symbol will resemble signal or WiFi.
  • If using a LAN cable, the symbol will appear:
  1. When prompted, select “Open Network and Sharing Center.”
  2. Settings-IP-02
  3. Then select the network you are connected to from the drop-down menu that appears.
  4. Settings-IP-03
  5. Then select "Details".
  • Methods 4 and 5 can only be used if an internet connection is available; otherwise, skip to step 6.
  1. Settings-IP-04
  2. Then make a note of it in the IPv4 Address section.
  • In this phase, it is very important to record the IP and Gateway, so you can still connect to the internet.
  • Settings-IP-05
  • Select Properties
  1. Settings-IP-06.
  2. Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) must be selected or double-clicked to start the installation process.
  3. Settings-IP-07.
  4. Then click “Use the following IP address.”
  • If there is an internet connection, you can enter the IP address, Subnet mask, and Default Gateway as shown before (at number 5).
  • 192.168.1.2 is the IP address.
    255.255.255.0 is the subnet mask.
    192.168.1.1 is the standard Internet Protocol Address.
    And for client settings, it can be filled in the same as before, except for the IP address that may be entered. you can enter the sequence 192.168.1.3 and so on.
  • When finished, click OK.
  • Setting-IP-08.
  • Select OK again, the IP has been configured on the computer.

Folder and Printer Sharing

  1. Open Control Panel
  2. Right-click on the printer and then select "Printer" from the menu that appears. Select Sharing
  3. Then the Sharing Properties tab will appear. Select the Share this printer option, give it a name, and click OK.

Then the second step is to configure the printer on the client computer. Here are the steps:

  1. Go to Control Panel > Printers.
  2. On the tab on the left, select Add printer.
  3. Click Next to open the Add Printer Wizard.
  4. Select the type of printer to use, make sure you select Network Printer > Next.
  5. Browse for printers on the network, make sure the address is not incorrect, and end with Next.
  6. The computer will check whether this network printer will be the primary printer or not and fetch it if necessary.
  7. Click Finish and then close all previously opened windows.

FAQs

In the following, we have provided related information about local area networks.

What is meant by LAN Network Technology?

Local Area Network, often abbreviated as LAN, is a computer network that covers only a local area, such as a computer network on a campus, building, workplace, home, school, or smaller network.

What is meant by LAN Network Technology

What does LAN stand for?

Local Area Network, computer term (local area network) Wireless local area network (Wireless LAN / WLAN, Wireless Local Network).

Does LAN Include Internet?

It is possible to connect to the internet via a LAN, which is an extension of a wide area network. using UTP (Unshielded Twisted-Pair) cables, hubs, routers, and other devices.
Fully understand LAN (local area network)

LAN is a type of computer network that is intended to function in a rather small and limited area. Local area networks are referred to as LANs. Usually this LAN network is widely available in business buildings, schools, households, and cafes.

Apart from LAN, MAN and WAN are two other types of networks to consider. How are LANs and WANs different from each other? For additional information, see the entire explanation in the next article. Come on!

Conclusion

Local area network (LAN) is a type computer network which is intended to function in a rather small and confined area. Usually this LAN network is widely available in business buildings, schools, households, and cafes.

A local area network (LAN) is similar to a wide area network, or WAN. LANs are in places such as workplaces, campuses, cafes, schools, and residences that do not require an internet connection for data to be sent or transmitted. That's our discussion about LAN, I hope the information can help.

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