General Computer Keyboard Functions and Their Explanations – The following is an explanation of the functions of a computer keyboard, of which there are many types. Maybe you don't know what the function of each type is. Let's see the article below.

Have you ever heard the term "keyboard"? Have you ever? The keyboard is one of the computer components. Computer users will find it more difficult to type if they do not have access to a keyboard.

Yes, the keyboard is usually used for typing because the parts of the keyboard are made up of letters, numbers, symbols, and so on. Let's take a closer look at the information in the following article.

Computer users are most likely familiar with this item, so it's possible that we've seen it recently. For those of you who are curious about the definition of a keyboard, its various types, and its many functions, this debate is for you.

Meaning of keyboards

Meaning of keyboards

Keyboards are device (hardware) on a computer that functions as a tool for entering data in the form of letters, numbers, and symbols.

The keyboard, on the other hand, is a piece of computer hardware in the form of a board with different types of keys where the keys serve various purposes based on the possible presses that result in a process according to the needs of the user.

Apart from being a tool for entering data, the keyboard also provides various key operations with certain combinations. The two most common types of keyboard connections on computers are PS2 and USB.

But as technology has advanced, new options for keyboards have emerged, including cordless and wireless models. Learn more about the history of computer development and how to understand computers.

Types of Keyboards on Computers

The following are the types of keyboards on computers, including:

QWERTY keyboard

Configure the QWERTY keyboard keys

This keyboard layout was created in 1878. In 1905, the QWERTY keyboard was adopted as the de facto industry standard for commercial typewriters. Because the second row of the keyboard's alphanumeric keys has six consecutive letters, the moniker “QWERTY” was born.

Dvorak keyboard

The arrangement of the keys on the Dvorak keyboard. In 1932, this particular keyboard was designed. The letters on the Dvorak keyboard are arranged in a certain way.

On this keyboard, the right hand will be heavier with work compared to the left hand. The Dvorak keyboard layout puts the 70%'s focus on the home row, which makes typing less tedious.

Alphabetical Keyboard

The keys on this alphabetic keyboard are positioned exactly the same as on a QWERTY keyboard and a Dvorak keyboard, but the letters are arranged in the same order as the letters of the alphabet. Due to its inability to speed up typing, this particular keyboard is seldom used.

Klockenberg keyboard

The Klockenberg keyboard was created with the aim of improving the current type of keyboards. by dividing the left and right of the keyboard. The keys on the left and right sides of the keyboard are 15 degrees apart and angled downwards. In addition, the keys on this keyboard are positioned closer to the table.

Numeric Keyboard

A numeric keyboard is a type of keyboard used to enter very high numbers. People prefer to use the numeric keypad whose layout is easily accessible by hand, making it more enjoyable to use.

Keyboard Functions on a Computer

The main job of a computer keyboard is to translate keystrokes into digital signals, which are then sent to the CPU (Central Processing Unit) for processing. Don't forget to read about: Definition of CPU and How it Works Deeper.

You can check out this review if you are curious about how a computer keyboard works.

Delete button

As the name implies, the delete button functions to delete one character behind the cursor but you can also delete the character in front of the cursor, you can press ctrl + delete

End button

Its function is to move the cursor to the end of the line but if you press CTRL + End it goes straight to the end of the worksheet

Enter key

Can be used to go to the next line or to give commands to the computer that are about to be executed.

Home button

Is the opposite of the End key, so if you press the Home key, the pointer will move to the left corner or start of the line. CTRL + Home can be used to go directly to the beginning of the worksheet.

Tab key

Can move the tabulation towards the right. If you push consistently, the tab will continue to move to the right.

BackSpace button

The type of keyboard on the computer

Using the Back Space key, one character can be removed from the back of letters, numbers, and so on. CTRL + Back Space can be used to remove one character from the front

Alt key

Cannot be used in combination with other buttons.


When you place the CD in the CD-ROM drive, make sure you hold down the SHIFT key (this prevents the CD-ROM from autoplaying).


Opens a folder one level higher if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box. (Opens a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box.)

Windows logos

Using the Windows Logo function (Show/Hide Start Menu), the menu bar can be turned on or off.


Permanently deletes the selected item without placing the item in the Recycle Bin.


Close document is active in programs that allow you to have multiple documents open simultaneously.


Permanently deletes the selected item without placing the item in the Recycle Bin.


Close the active document in programs that allow you to have multiple documents open simultaneously.

Alt + Letter

Underlined in menu name (Displays the appropriate menu) Underlined letter in the name of the command on the menu that opens (Performs the appropriate command).

After you double-click on the character grid, you can move through the grid using keyboard shortcuts.


(Switches between larger and normal when character is selected).


To close the currently open console window, use CTRL + F4. When a console has only one console window, this shortcut will close the console)

Ctrl + Alt + Minus Sign

Creates a snapshot of the client's active window on the Terminal server clipboard and provides the same functionality as pressing PRINT SCREEN on the local computer.

Ctrl + Alt + Plus Sign

Creates a snapshot of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard and provides the same functionality as pressing ALT + PRINT SCREEN on the local computer.

Keyboard Key Arrangement

The following is an arrangement of keyboard keys, including:

The function of the keyboard on the computer

Play Keypad Typing

It was the first keyboard to have letters A to Z, punctuation marks, and numbers 1–0, which were used to enter text into a computer system, for example when typing in Microsoft Office or on an internet browser.

Directional Keys

The arrow characters on these four keys point in all directions. The pointer and screen can be moved in the desired direction by pressing this button.

Numeric or Directional Keypad

There is a numeric keypad and a moving cursor key which is usually located on the right side of the main keyboard.

In order for the keys to operate, you must first activate the Numerical keys function keys on your keyboard. These buttons may make it easier for you to enter and enter numbers into the system.

Function Keys

These keys are above the main typing keypad and can be seen as symbols F1 through F12. These buttons function to set various instructions, such as saving documents, opening the help menu when typing in Microsoft Word, and so on.

Special Keys

The Home, Delete, Page up, Page down, Insert, Print Screen, Stop Break, and End keys are all located on the Special Keys, which are located above the directional keys.

Modifier Keys

The Ctrl, Alt, and Shift keys are located on this keypad. As the name suggests, these three buttons will change or modify the function of other buttons on the keypad and can be pressed together with other keys to bring up commands.

Copying selected data on display is as easy as pressing Ctrl + C on your keyboard. Shortcut key is the name given to this key combination.

The status light is an indication light indicating that the button is being used to set a function. For example, the caps lock key allows data to be entered in all capital letters and the number lock key is used to activate the number pad.

Windows Keys

Usually on a Windows computer keyboard there is a button that contains an image of the Microsoft Windows logo itself. function to bring up the menu in the windows window on the computer.


The following are questions and answers about the function of the keyboard on a computer, including:

What Do You Know About Computer Keyboards?

Text, symbols, numbers and other characters can be entered into a computer, laptop or smartphone using the keyboard as the input device.

What is a computer keyboard called?

Early versions of computer keyboards were standard computer keyboards. This keyboard is the simplest keyboard to find at a computer retailer.

What's the Difference between Shift and Caps Lock?

Caps lock, short for capital lock, is a key on the keyboard that converts all written characters to uppercase. In most key layouts, the caps lock can be found between the Tab and Shift keys, to the left of A.


This is an explanatory article about the function of the keyboard on a computer that you must know about its function. The main job of a computer keyboard is to translate keystrokes into digital signals, which are then sent to the CPU (Central Processing Unit).

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