7 Functions of the ESC Key on a Computer Keyboard

Rancakmedia.com – What is the esc key and what are its functions? on a computer keyboard the esc key is called the escape key based on the international standard series ISO/IEC 9995, see the details below.

In the upper left corner of the keyboard is something that the average computer user rarely sees. What can we expect? In reality, it's just another key, but it's the one that's least used, the ESC key.

ESC was originally known when Bob William Bremer, a computer specialist from Michigan, United States, produced a number of ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) characters as a programming language.

ASCII characters have been used within the functionality of the Windows and MS-DOS operating systems since 1960. The purpose of ASCII characters (now replaced by Unicode characters) is to allow programmers to transition from one code to another to make programming simpler.

The Esc or Escape character has a unicode (hexadecimal) value of 001B or an ANSI decimal value of 27 as one of 255 ASCII codes. These ASCII characters are used by pressing the Alt key + [ANSI (decimal value)]. Escape, or ESC, the nomenclature itself has been defined according to the ISO/IEC 9995 standard.

Getting to Know What the ESC Key Is

In reality, it's just another button, but it's one of the least used. That's the ESC key. ESC was first heard when Bob William Bremer, a computer specialist from Michigan, developed a programming language using ASCII characters.

Getting to Know What the ESC Key Is

The ESC key can be used individually as a No, Stop, Abort, Quit, or Exit command. You can also press other keys on the keyboard besides these hotkeys to do things more quickly.

Initial Esc Key Creation

Bob Bemer, an IBM computer programmer, invented the Esc key. When he invented the escape button in 1960, it was so programmers could quickly switch between different types of code.

As computer users no longer focused too much on the minutiae of operating their computer equipment, the purpose of the Esc key on keyboards began to change. Because of this, the Esc key is now more often used as a Stop command by programmers.

For example, on a computer with a Windows operating system, the Esc key is used as a shortcut in a dialog box whose role is to command No, Exit, Exit, or Abort. In Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Safari, Internet Explorer, and Opera, the Esc key is a shortcut for the Stop command.

Esc key in Windows

On computers or laptops running Windows, the Esc key can also be combined with the Ctrl key to launch the Start Menu by pressing and holding the Ctrl key and then pressing the Esc key. The Ctrl+Esc key combination still works today, even in Windows 8.1 and Windows 10.

When used in combination with other keys, the Esc key on a Windows keyboard acts as a shortcut. Windows 3.0, Windows XP, Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8.1, and Windows 10 all include versions of this shortcut, derived from those versions of Windows.

Esc key on Mac Os

In a dialog or sheet on OS X (Mac OS), pressing Esc works as a close or cancel command. Unresponsive apps (also known as “not responding” or “hanging”) can be stopped by pressing Command+Option+Esc to open the Force Quit box.

Esc key on Mac Os

Another use of the Esc key when paired with the Command key is to switch to the Front Row, if one is installed.

On most gaming PCs, the Esc key is used as a pause button and opens in-game menus or settings, and is generally also used to exit the game (exit game).

Following are the functions of the ESC key

So, to find out more about the ESC key as one of the tasks of a computer keyboard button, the following will explain what functions the ESC key performs.

Canceling a Command or Dialog Window

The ESC key is used to quickly cancel or stop a command that has been sent. This has the same effect as clicking the cross (x) in the upper-right corner of a dialog box to close it with the mouse.

Pressing the ESC key while trying to open a web page in the browser will stop the page from loading and allow you to cancel the operation. Pressing the ESC key can stop your online search in certain browsers.

The ESC key also functions as the No option of a dialog box displaying Yes and No alternatives. Sticky Keys, for example, are activated when the Shift, Ctrl, or Alt key is pressed five times in succession by accident. If the user doesn't want to use it, they can simply press the ESC key, which is the same as clicking No.

To cancel, open the Start Menu and press ESC. Or, when the user starts Microsoft Word, press Ctrl + O as the Open command to open another file. If you want to cancel it or want to exit the Open dialog box earlier, just use the ESC key.

Opens the Start Menu

The ESC key can operate as a shortcut to access the Start Menu on a Windows computer screen by holding down the Ctrl key and then pressing ESC (Ctrl + ESC). The Start Menu is in the lower-left corner of the computer.

It has an easy-to-use program menu that users can choose from. It should be noted that these shortcuts cannot be flipped or pushed at the same time.

In other words, pressing Ctrl and ESC at the same time or pressing ESC first and then Ctrl will produce an error. So, these shortcuts cannot be used backwards because they are made so that they can only understand one type of instruction.

Running the Previous Program

The ESC key can also be used to launch or reopen previously used applications, which is a lesser known ability, especially for casual users.

Running the Previous Program

For example, when a user starts a program and wants to switch to an application that was closed one step earlier, simply press the Alt and ESC keys simultaneously.

For example, the user may have shut down Microsoft Word and opened Notepad instead. If the user wants to restart Microsoft Word, all they have to do is press the Alt + ESC keyboard shortcut.

This is much quicker than having to go back to the Start Menu, find the app you want, then click again to launch it.

Start Task Manager or Task Manager

The ESC key, used in conjunction with the Ctrl and Shift keys (shortcut Ctrl + Shift + ESC), makes accessing Task Manager faster and simpler.

An application or service that keeps track of what programs and services are running is known as Task Manager, and can be found on Windows computers.

With this Task Manager, users can see what processes are running and how much resources are used. Users can stop programs running in the background when they are not needed. Because, if left unchecked, useless software will burden computer performance.

The user may accidentally remove the theme, resulting in a blank laptop screen, or a system file issue may prevent them from running the software properly.

So, Task Manager can be used to launch the required software by performing the New Task (Run) function via the File tab. When the dialog box appears, the user can type in the name of the program they want to run and click OK to open it.

Task Manager can also display information about the computer hardware, change the order of applications, get files, and view information about users.

Pause Function on Computer Games

Games in progress can be paused or paused using the ESC key in most computer games. For example, when playing a computer game, if the user wants to do another activity, the user presses the ESC key to stop the game.

With this method, the user need not leave the game and risk losing any unsaved progress.

Access Game Options on Computer

When a computer game is in progress and the user wants to access the game menu options, the ESC key can be used to open it.

This allows players to customize their gaming experience more quickly and easily. So, you can change the settings in the main menu without leaving the game you are playing.

Stop Playing Games on Computer

The ESC key acts as an exit or exit option for various computer games. When the running game is finished and the user wants to return to the main menu, they can use this method.

Stop Playing Games on Computer

These are some of the key ESC capabilities that can be discussed here. Better computers, especially computer keyboard keys, will come from learning how they operate and the benefits of doing so.


Now that contains information about the function of the esc key, the Esc key is one of the most commonly used keys on a computer keyboard. It can be combined with the Ctrl key to launch the Start Menu (Ctrl+Esc) or close dialog boxes (Esc/Command+Option+Esc), for example.

Pressing the Esc key can stop online searches in certain browsers. That's the article that we can convey, I hope this information about the function of the esc key can be useful for everyone, that's all and thank you.

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