Definition of Internet Facilities, Functions and History – In this article we will discuss the meaning of internet facilities, not only that we will also provide information about functions along with the history of the internet.

Because of the ease of access, the internet should be familiar to all young people. With only a few devices, we can surf the internet. With just a makeshift gadget we can surf the internet.

This is made easier by the availability of free facilities such as wifi in educational institutions. Every student can access the internet using the devices you have and free wifi at school. So you could say people can access the internet without capital.

You often take advantage of internet facilities to access sites like Facebook, Google, Blogger, Twitter, Yahoo, YouTube, and many more. With easy internet access, there are more and more internet users in Indonesia and around the world.

The use of the internet will not be sufficient without an understanding of what the internet is and how it works. What is the function of the internet? Here we will explain what the internet is and what it can do for you.

Definition of Internet Facilities

More than one billion computer networks of all types and sizes are linked together by Internet, or what it stands for (interconnection network), which is a worldwide open communication network that uses a variety of communication methods, including telephone and satellite.

Definition of the Internet

First, the US Department of Defense built a computer network based on the ARPANET called the Internet in 1969. At first, this project was only for the military, but over time, more and more people became interested.

Facilities Facilities from the Internet

Apart from that, there are several facilities available on the internet which can increase our productivity and make our working day more bearable.

Here are some of the many facilities that we can get from the internet, which are sorted by their use.


WWW or commonly referred to as (WWW) is a system on the internet whose mission is to find and provide information quickly using hypertext technology.


Email is an electric gadget that functions to make it easier for us to communicate anywhere and from any distance.

Mailing Lists

The Internet Mailing List facility as it is more commonly known, is an online discussion group.


Information service centers such as BBS, or bulletin board systems, convey information from a variety of specialized domains, such as the education and business sectors, as well as social and technological fields.


Two or more PC users can communicate in real time and through Internet Network by using the term "chat".


Its function is a bit the same as the mailing list. Newsgroups are one of the discussion group tools on the internet. To be able to access a newsgroup requires a certain computer network, which is usually called UseNet.

Internet Newsgroups


FTP, or File Transfer Protocol, is an internet service for exchanging data between one computer user and another server on the internet.


Gopher is a TCP/IP application layer protocol created to allow documents to be shared, searched, or retrieved over the internet.

Internet function

Internet facilities certainly have many functions that we may have experienced, and some of these features will certainly help us in our work and other facilities.

Increasing Our Insight and Knowledge

Thanks to the internet, we can learn more about various topics from around the world. The Internet is a storehouse of information. Simply by searching on Google, we can find the information we are looking for.

These search engines can find whatever information you are looking for, regardless of what it is. There are many different search engines to choose from, including Google, Bing, Yahoo, and many more.

Communication Becomes Faster and Easier

Individuals and groups can now communicate more easily and quickly than before due to fast internet communication. We can also communicate with someone who is abroad.

Communication Becomes Faster and Easier

We can communicate on the internet in various ways, such as via email, social media (such as Facebook, Twitter and Google+), and many other facilities on the internet that we can use to interact.

We can Shop Online through the Internet

Due to the widespread use of the internet, both in Indonesia and around the world, there is a sizeable market. So that product makers and distributors sell their goods online, which is indicated by the growth of many online shop sites in Indonesia, such as Lazada, Mataharimall, Bilna, Tokopedia, Bukalapak, and so on.

More and more people are interested in doing online shopping because more and more people are selling your goods on the internet. More than 70% people around the world shop online instead of going to the market.

The Internet can Become a Vehicle of Entertainment.

The internet also has a function as an "entertainer" for those of you who want to calm your soul or just take a short break by playing games and doing other fun activities.

Some of the fun things you can do on the internet are watching videos on YouTube, playing games, chatting with people on social media, and many more.

Internet can be Used to Make Money

What if you told you that you can make money on the internet? Be it through starting an online store, or running any other internet business.

In fact, many people's entire livelihoods are based on your ability to work from home or via the internet.

Working on the internet is often called an online business. There are many successful people on the internet. You can even get hundreds of millions of rupiah from the internet.

Benefits of the Internet

The internet provides many advantages, so many that you can't name them all. Maybe it's the advantages of the internet in general that you will discuss this time. The following are some of the advantages of the internet.

Benefits of the Internet

As communication media

To connect with anyone around the world, we can use the internet. We can even talk to people who are very far from us.

The Internet has made it easier to communicate with each other. You can do this via email, social media, and many other methods.

As Media Promotion

As the number of internet users increases, so does the interest of netizens. This is good business news for these people. You will find it easier to advertise your goods or products to customers via the internet.

As Information Media

We can find various information and the latest news on the internet. Information and news are constantly being updated, and it doesn't stop there. We can find news and information from around the world.

Can Shop Easier

With the development of technology and more and more people using the internet, it opens up opportunities for business people to launch your online store.

So as of today, we can find many internet businesses that offer a variety of things. Of course this makes it easier for us to shop. Because we don't need to leave the house, the goods can reach our house.

As an entertainment

We can also use the internet as a means of entertainment, for example by watching movies on YouTube or playing games. And many more additional entertainment that we may receive via the internet.

As a Moneymaker

The internet turns out to be a possible way to also make money, whether by launching an online business or developing a website.

As a Moneymaker

Others make a living by reselling other people's goods. Making money on the internet can be achieved in several ways.

Other benefits of the internet are:

  1. As a research and development tool (research and development)
  2. As a medium of data exchange

Internet advantage

There are various advantages of the internet compared to other media, namely:

  1. Cheap communication
  2. Easy access
  3. Sources of information are many and varied
  4. New challenges to try
  5. More transparent
  6. Wide reach

History and Development of the Internet

In 1969, DARPA, the US military research agency, started looking for a way to link lots of computers together to build organic networks, and that's when the internet started. This initiative or study is currently termed the ARPANET.

One year later, or in 1970, the mission succeeded in connecting 10 computers. The 10 computers are connected to each other to form a network so you can talk to each other.

Two years later, in 1972, an expert who had invented e-mail a year earlier (1971) perfected it. The new email app is much more user-friendly, and it quickly became very popular.

In the same year, the @ symbol was used as an important indicator indicating "at" or "on". Every email must include an @ sign. The ARPANET computer network was developed outside the United States in 1973.

At University College London, the first US computers connected to the Arpacap network. However, in 1973, two computer scientists named Bob Kahn and Vinton Cers had a bigger idea, and this was the birth of internet thinking.

History and Development of the Internet

This concept was first proposed at the University of Sussex. On March 26, 1976, the Queen of England successfully sent her first email from the Royal Signals Radar Establishment at Malvern.

Almost immediately after, the ARPANET was claimed by more than a hundred computers as a network. Several years after that, more precisely in 1981, an expert named Telecom released a television telephone for the first time.

This television telephone allows one to make calls while dealing with visual relationships. The officially approved standards for identifying computers led to an increase in the number of people owning computers and connecting them to networks.

One year later, the Internet Protocol (IP) and Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) were discovered. Elsewhere, there exists an alternative computer network known as Eune. This network made its debut in Europe.

Computers in the Netherlands, England, Denmark and Sweden all connected to this network as part of its mission. In 1984, a mechanism called the domain name system (DNS) was put in place to ensure that all networked computers had the same address.

This domain name system is commonly known as the DNS (Domain Name System). The growth of this network was so rapid that at that time there were already more than 1000 computers connected to the current network. Even a few years later, in 1987, the number of computers on the network grew significantly to more than 10,000 computers.

Positive Impact of the Internet

Below are the positive impacts of using the internet, as follows:

Faster and Easier Communication

People used to communicate with other people who live far away by sending letters via communication, but this method of communication has been phased out and replaced by more convenient ones, mainly SMS or calling communication.

However, communication via SMS and telephone is relatively limited, such as not being able to communicate photos or other things. We can share photos, movies and much more instead of just sending messages over the internet.

Communication with the internet is also faster and easier. The internet, social media, blogs, websites and other online media can all be used for online communication.

Can be used for business

Selling goods online has become a lucrative business in today's world of internet shopping. Apart from running a business through an online store, there are many other forms of online business.

Information Easier and Faster Obtained

As a result of the internet, we can quickly and easily get the latest information and news from all over the internet, as well as domestic and international news.

Easy to Get Global Information

Like method number 3, you can get information from the internet. Not only domestic information, but information or news from around the world.

Easy to Get Global Information


The Internet can be both a source of fun and information. Saying you are entertained by the internet means you are happy to have access to the internet.

Learning or Educational Media

On the internet, there is a lot of instructional information, and it is very helpful and good for students. you have no trouble finding the material you have studied in class.


If you run a business, you can market your products or services to internet users.

Negative impact of the internet

The internet offers many benefits, but it also has many disadvantages. Are there any disadvantages that can be done by using the internet? Here are the points:

Spread of Pornography

Pornography has thrived on the internet and is available to everyone. Even minors can access it.

This kind of content has many unintended effects, such as demoralizing children and increasing the number of sexual crimes.


Fraudsters love the internet because it is so easy to con. Therefore, be careful when using public Wi-Fi or other public networks. Don't be a victim of fraud.

Entry of Negative Foreign Culture

If we don't have the right filters, then other cultures can attack our nation. Because with the internet we can observe your culture maybe even follow your culture. Leave your negative cultural heritage and adopt your positive cultural heritage.

Entry of Negative Foreign Culture


People may be addicted to the internet in two ways. If addiction is good for you, like learning too much on the internet, that's a plus. The negative side is when you are addicted to using the internet for negative things.

Reducing Social Nature

People are less likely to engage in social interactions with their close family and friends as a result of the internet.

People who are connected to the internet often spend their free time on the mobile device, laptop or computer they are connected to Internet via a wireless network or wired connection.


Below we have summarized some frequently asked questions about the internet, as follows:

What are the Benefits of the Internet?

The specialty of the internet is as a means of connectivity and communication. access to information, knowledge and education, addresses and mapping, business convenience, and entertainment.


The Internet or its abbreviation (interconnection networking) is an open universal communication network. Connecting more than billions of computer networks of various types and types, using communication types such as telephone, satellite and others. The Internet was founded by the United States Department of Defense in 1969.

This is an article about the definition of internet facilities, their functions and history. Hopefully the information above can be useful and helpful for all of you.

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