Uniform Resource Locator Is

Rancakmedia.com – The following is an explanation of URLs or uniform resource locators, which many people may not know what URLs are for. Check out the article below.

As detailed on this page, URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator and has the following functions, history, examples, and types: What is a URL? What is the role of URLs? When it comes to URLs, the casual internet user is probably familiar with them.

However, do they already know what URLs are and what they are used for? To find out, read on for an explanation of what URLs are and what they are used for.

URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator, or in Indonesian it is called Uniform Resource Locator. So, what exactly is a URL and what does it do?

Definition of Uniform Resource Locator

URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is a word that refers to the address of a website. To open a website, you must enter its URL in the address bar of the browser. The URL https://rancakmedia.com/serves as an example.
For example, if you want to launch Rancakmedia, then you need to visit the URL at https://rancakmedia.com on your computer or mobile device. And here are some other URL examples:

  1. https://rancakmedia.com
  2. https://youtube.com
  3. https://facebook.com

Isn't the domain also shaped like that? Is the domain name in the URL? What is the relationship between URL, domain and website?

So to understand this URL explanation more simply and solve this problem, let's use a simple fable.

  1. The website is the home of the owner
  2. URL is the full home address
  3. Domain is the name or address of the person who owns it
  4. IP Address is the coordinates of the house on the map

Let's just say that the website is a home. If we want to get to our destination without getting lost, we need the entire address, otherwise known as a URL.

The name or house number of the domain owner appears in the address bar. Even though the domain clearly says who owns the house, it can't tell you where the house is.

And the IP address is the coordinates of the house on the map. First things first, to visit a website, we have to know the IP address and enter it. Of course, this strategy doesn't work because we need to know and remember hundreds of IP addresses of every website we visit.

Now, we only need to write in the domain or URL, which is much easier to learn and remember. Several experts also explain the definition of URL, including:


According to Prayogi, the idea of a URL is a sequence of characters formed by following certain standard guidelines used to represent the directory address of a document on a website page on the internet.

Sora N.

According to Sora N, a URL is a string of characters formatted in a certain way to represent the address of a document resource, such as a file, text, or image, on the internet.

In 1991, Tim Berners-Lee was the first to create URLs. At that time, the use of URLs was designed to allow document authors to make references to the World Wide Web (WWW).

In 1994, the URL idea was expanded into the more general URI (Uniform Resource Identifier).

Uniform Resource Locator Parts

In general, a URL consists of four parts, all of which combine to form the final structure:

Protocol (Protocol)

A protocol is a standard technique for sharing or transmitting data over a computer network. This is usually for websites that use HTTP or HTTPS (secure version) protocols.

The protocol is usually reduced to http:// (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) (Hypertext Transfer Protocol). The most important part of this section is that it eliminates the need for the user to copy and paste the URL into their browser.

Computer Host Name (Host)

After the protocol, part of the URL is the hostname of the computer, usually called WWW (World Wide Web) (World Wide Web). This section, on the other hand, is optional.

When we look at different websites on the internet, we will find that some use the www protocol and others don't.

Domain Names (Domain Names)

Domain is the site name or a term that identifies the site address. Here we see the name of the Web server being connected.

For example Google.com, Twitter.com, Detik.com, Rancakmedia.com, Facebook.com, and so on. There are two kinds: paid (.com,.net,.info) and free (for example, using a blogger.com subdomain).

Alternatively, it is possible to use the IP address directly. However, because of the difficulty of this technique, it is not commonly used on the Web.


Routes are paths to resources on the Web server. In the early days of the Web, paths reflected physical file locations on Web servers. Today, most are abstractions managed by Web servers with no real existence.

If we want to see the first page of a site, all we need to do is enter the protocol and domain name, for example https://rancakmedia.com.

However, each page and file on the Rancakmedia.com site has its own unique URL. For example, consider the following route:


Functions of the Uniform Resource Locator on the Internet

In simple terms, a URL identifies the location of a website or file on the internet. Internet users rely on Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) to find certain information on the internet.

Other URL features available to users include:

  1. Recognizing web page documents Name the document on the web site.
  2. Make it easier for people to access and search for files on the internet so they don't get lost in other locations, and make sure the address used is different.
  3. Facilitate the user to remember the URL containing the document at its address.
  4. Simplify paper or data access via the web.
  5. Makes it easy to remember document addresses on the web.

Types of Uniform Resource Locators

This Uniform Resource Locator (URL) has a vital function in the internet world, enabling users to identify the location of the source of document storage. There are two main types, namely as follows:

Absolute Uniform Resource Locator

An absolute URL is a URL whose address contains the domain as well as the location of the content. The format is usually document-directory-domain. This means that each page in the domain has a directory that holds files or documents.

The following are some examples of URLs that use the absolute form:

  1. <img src="http://www.namasitus.com/images/image.jpg">

Relative Uniform Resource Locator

The determination of this relative URL address depends on the currently active address. The structure is not standard; it corresponds only to the currently open document.

Here's an example of a URL that uses a relative identifier:

  1. <img src="”image.jpg”">

Example of URL Address and Explanation

URLs have a number of components that work together to form a single unit. The following is an example of a URL address and a short description:

Here is the URL and description:

  1. https is the protocol used by a website on the internet.
  2. www is the computer hostname to identify the useful resources of a site.
  3. rancakmedia.com is the main domain of a site.
  4. /tekno/27036/pengertian-language-programming-compiler/ is the location or file name accessed on the internet.


From the above, we can conclude that the idea of a URL is the address of a unique resource published on the web.

URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator and has the following functions, history, examples, and types. URL is the address or location of the file on the internet

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