Problems with the Independent Learning Curriculum

Lovata Andrean

Problems with the Independent Learning Curriculum – The following is an explanation of the latest independent learning curriculum issues for students, want to know more details? Come on, look at the article below.

Since 2019, the government has repeated calls for educational freedom. The impact and implementation of this new independent learning curriculum, which will replace K13 in fall 2024, is already being felt.

Freedom to learn, on the other hand, entails what exactly? How well will this work in raising the general level of students and improving the quality of education in Indonesia?

In this article, we will comprehensively examine what independent learning is, including its concept, background to its birth, objectives of its application, and its implementation in the field.

Independent Curriculum and independent learning are interrelated, as independent learning should be. It can even be said that the ideas and goals of independent learning are the main basis for implementing this independent learning curriculum.

Understanding what the Independent Curriculum is and how it is applied in the classroom will be much simpler if you are familiar with these words.

What is Independent Learning?

At the celebration of National Teachers' Day 2019, Mas Minister (the nickname of the Minister of Education and Culture, Nadiem Makarim) conveyed a word which later became one of his ministry's focus projects. The phrase is “freedom to learn.”

Under the leadership of Minister Nadiem, the Ministry of Education and Culture launched Merdeka Belajar, an education program built on two pillars: first, the freedom of students, teachers and schools to experiment with educational ideas and methods and independent learning and second, a commitment to excellence for all.

Furthermore, the second is a comprehensive reform that is not only about the curriculum but also creates a movement in every school through teacher mobilization.

The aim of independent learning

This initiative aims to provide a broad innovation space for Indonesian educators and educational institutions to work together to restore and improve the country's education system.

For this reason, the government and the Ministry of Education and Culture have launched programs and independent learning in an effort to explore the full potential of teachers, schools and students in the context of developing superior human resources.

Background to Independent Learning

Of course, all plans, policies and choices that a government decides to implement have a background. The history of Merdeka Learning can be seen here. Education in Indonesia is not yet at a decent enough level, and that's the point.

All the old concerns, such as how to solve the problem of a shortage of people with the right skills, have turned into annual unsolved problems.

This is made worse by the fact that there is a pandemic going on, which is slowing down many parts of national and state life, including education.

The community, including the government and schools, seems hesitant to find ways to ensure that all students continue to receive excellent educational services even though the PSBB and PPKM are ongoing.

This situation also highlights the fact that there is a tremendous gap in education. There are schools that are well prepared in terms of human resources and facilities, but there are also those that don't know where to start in this new environment.

This is quite disturbing. After all that, the government, through the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology, finally dared to make changes.

As one of the initial stages, Merdeka Learning is used to implement a serious program. All of this is done with the hope of making Indonesian society better and more creative.

As a result of this background, Independent Learning was then consolidated and the independent learning curriculum was prepared and improved.

Principles of Independent Learning Policy

The four core programs of the Independent Learning education policy are called the “Four Main Programs” of the Independent Learning program for a reason. Here are the four items in question:

  1. National Standard School Examination Program (USBN)
  2. National Examination (UN)
  3. Learning Implementation Plan (RPP)
  4. Acceptance of New Students (PPDB) Zoning

Furthermore, the specifics outlined in the previous four bullet points appear to be groundbreaking. A breath of fresh air and a new perspective is an act of imaginative wholeness on the part of the Minister.

The main program execution of the latest education policy is:

  1. Holistic Learning-based USBN.
  2. In the spirit of Freedom to Learn, one of the new projects that has been started is changing USBN to be more complete.
  3. The Ministry of Education has established a new program for implementing National Standard School Examinations, including: Providing independence to schools to prepare, plan, implement, analyze and evaluate the implementation of USBN at the educational unit level.
  4. USBN is taught in a variety of ways, such as through written tests, group work, practice, crafts, presentations, and projects.

Abolition of National Examinations

Apart from that, Minister Mas agreed that the 2020 National Examination or UN would not be held. Instead, the government has designed and implemented the Minimum Competency Assessment and Character Survey as a completely new assessment program.

These two things are not done at the end of the school year, but in the middle of the school year and are computer-based, so they are known as ANBK or computer-based assessment.

Changes in the Method of Preparing and Using RPP

Contents of Merdeka Learning Teacher administration, especially lesson preparation, will be simplified at the next level.

Implementing a one-page lesson plan while maintaining the essential components of the lesson plan, namely learning objectives, learning activities, and assessments, is intended to ensure that instructors have more time in class than completing administrative tasks.

More Flexible PPDB

The next big step is related to PPDB. Students and parents no longer have to follow strict PPDB School Zoning when choosing a school, giving them more freedom of choice.

For more information on the topics mentioned above, see the PDF article and infographic containing the Four Principles of Free Learning Policy (Download).

Policies in the Independent Learning Program

All parts of the country must unite and adopt the same mindset to achieve the common goals outlined in Free Learning. All of this is for the benefit of future generations, especially those who will lead us in the future.

Not just stopping at the above, the government continues to organize the education system by making other changes, such as:

  1. Independent Campus Program.
  2. Changes in the School Operational Assistance Fund (BOS) Mechanism.
  3. Mobilizing Organization Program, Mobilizing Schools and Mobilizing Teachers.
  4. Transformation of the Preparation and Distribution of Funds for Higher Education.
  5. Vocational School as a Center for Excellent Education.
  6. Smart Indonesia Card (KIP) Independent College.
  7. Expansion of the Scholarship Program from LPDP (Education Fund Distribution Institute).
  8. Independent Vocational Campus.
  9. Cultural Independence.
  10. Pancasila Student Profile.
  11. New Model School Accreditation (Phase 4).
  12. Determination and Implementation of the Independent Curriculum.

The current accreditation, based on data entered into SISPENA and checked by assessor visits, is one of the changes most felt by the public.

The government has set four important performance targets in the latest certification process and has built an internet-based system to make it easier for assessors and accreditation target schools to carry out their respective duties.

There are significant differences between the Mandiri Curriculum and the 2013 Curriculum because they both use the Merdeka Learning program.

Cooperation of All Parties

Of course, all the efforts that have been made previously should be appreciated because they have helped Independent Learning achieve its final goal.

Don't let these expressions just become meaningless jargon that looks beautiful on the surface but is empty inside. If that happens, all components of the country will experience quite large losses.

All parts of the country must unite and adopt the same mindset to achieve the common goals outlined in Free Learning. All of this is done to protect the future of the next generation, especially those who will become our leaders in the future.

While working in the education sector, he was also a student, teacher and researcher. has experience in the world of education since 2007.

Actively writing for various print and electronic media. The blog you are reading is one of the sites. We hope that the next generation is ready to usher in the Industry 4.0 era by becoming a winning generation.


Independent Curriculum will replace K13 in fall 2024. Independent Learning is an educational program built on two pillars of commitment to excellence for all.

The Indonesian government appears hesitant in finding ways to guarantee that all students continue to receive excellent educational services even while PSBB and PPKM are underway, writes Hadi Abo Rangaswadiza for The Jakarta Post.

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Lovata Andrean

Hi, I'm Lovata, I'm not Ai but I am a content writer for SEO, Technology, Finance, Travel, Cooking Recipes and others. I hope this can be useful for all my friends. Thanks