Definition of History According to Language and Terms and Their Benefits – The following is an explanation of the meaning of history according to language. History cannot be separated from human civilization, which continues to develop and develop. Let's see below.

As animals with dynamic lives, humans will create history for the benefit of present and future generations.

Therefore, humans must realize and understand the importance of history and the idea of its application in life, because history has a significant impact on individual existence.

In scientific studies, the notion of history in question does not only examine its history, but also its components, functions and benefits.

Therefore, the study of history is as important as the study of the surrounding sciences. The following is an explanation of the meaning, components, functions, and benefits of history for life:

Definition of History According to Language

Understanding History

You're probably familiar with the phrase "history" because when we want to learn or master something, we often start to identify with its history.

But do you understand the significance of history itself? Several views, including etymology, according to experts, history as a story, and history as an event, can help us understand the meaning of history.

Definition of History Based on Etymology

History comes from the Arabic word syajaratun, which means tree. In Arabic, history is known as dates. The branching lineage of a family group that mimics the branches, twigs and roots of a tree. In Malay, syajarah develops from the Arabic syajaratun.

Until finally it became a historical phrase used to explain genealogy or descent in Indonesian today. In words, the meaning of history is closer to the Greek word historia, which means knowledge, science, or a wise person.

From the Latin istoria, which means learning by asking, the English word history is derived.

The term history comes from the word istoria, which refers to the study of science and knowledge chronologically or by time. History comes from the German terms Geschichte and geschidenis, or the Dutch word historie, which implies man-made events.

Understanding History According to Experts

History is a field of study that does not escape the attention of experts, who provide various definitions of history. You must understand the definition of history according to the following experts:

According to H. Wals

WH Walsh, history is a significant and relevant record of human activities and experiences from the past. The document provides significant information that makes it a relevant story for humans.

According to JV Bryce

JV Bryce argues that history is a record that includes the ideas, words and actions of mankind from the past.

According to WJS Poerwadar Minta

WJS Bryce, the definition of history includes ancient literature, origins, and genealogy. He also pointed out that history is based on actual events that happened in the past, leading to the study of science as an educational narrative.

According to Norman E. Cantor

History, according to Norman E. Cantor, is the study of what people have done, said, and thought in the past.

According to Moh. Ali

Moh. Ali, history is a story about changes, events or real world events that occurred in the past and developed into a scientific study or study that has it. In his work entitled Introduction to Indonesian History, Moh Ali expressed his views.

According to Patrick Gardiner

Patrick Gardiner, history is a scientific study or investigation of what people have done in the past.

According to Ibn Khaldun

Ibn Khaldun divides the definition of history into two categories: the outer milk and the inner milk. According to him, history is a record of the passage of time and certain power shifts that occurred in the past as observed from the outside.

From within, history is field of study which requires the use of critical thinking and careful research to uncover the truth about the past.

According to Ibn Khaldun, history is an educated and logical explanation of the reasons and origins of anything, together with a fundamental understanding of how and why certain events might have happened.

He places more emphasis on the search for truth and validity in the study of history, thus examining not only the gathering of information, but also the logic behind these findings.

According to Edward Hallet Carr

Edward Hallet Carr argues that history is a continuous interaction between historians and facts in dialogue with the past and the present.

Edward emphasizes continuity and continuity from one moment to the next. This continuity must take place in the present, which is a continuation of past events.

According to Roeslan Abdulgani

Roeslan Abdulgani, history is the definition of a scientific discipline that involves methodical study and exploration of all processes of society and humans in the past. In addition, history provides a summary of events followed by a critical evaluation of all study results.

This is done to serve as a storehouse and guide for concrete and sincere evaluations and decisions of the existing conditions and future process directions.

Definition of History Based on Etymology

Understanding History as a Story

As a story, history is a reconstruction of past events. Then, many individuals like to define and understand things based on previous memories. History is then given based on one's individual and social memories.

Memories of these events are then compiled methodically and scientifically in accordance with the facts of a certain period.

In history to avoid giving unclear definitions or deviating from real events in the past, historical facts are given with clear and precise interpretations. Stories from these memories are then interpreted based on various sources.

This interpretation was then passed on to the next generation, who did not meet or witness the story. These narratives are often adapted to contemporary settings to make them easier to understand.

You must have knowledge of history, while humans are more familiar with fairy tales. In narrating a story or creating a story, depending on the author, who has their own distinct personality.

For this story, we sometimes encounter historical stories based on Person A, Person B, etc. In order for history to achieve objectivity, many things must pass through the subjectivity of the historian himself.

Understanding History As Events

As an event, history is a fact that occurred in the original past and occurred at a certain time. This history provides a more detailed account of the incident.

The facts of these events are then collected scientifically so that they describe events in a certain period and are interpreted and assessed critically to make them easier to understand.

In reality, one cannot remember all previous events in their entirety, which is why many historical events are not presented in their entirety. Usually, writing is the medium of choice for preserving history.

In contrast to oral history, writing can serve as historical evidence. The results of historical writing can be used as a source of information for future studies, analysis or development.

Historical Elements

After understanding the concept of history, you must understand the factors that produce history. These are historical aspects that will have meaning and function in their presence. You should be familiar with the following historical components:


Humans have an important role in historical development because they determine historical events.

Humans have an important role in the creation of history, because in general history is based on human activity or behavior in any field, as opposed to animal or natural activity. This is due to the fact that history was established for people.

The creation of history in a particular time and place is thus determined by the actions of humans and all human beings. This is in accordance with Emst Berheim's statement that humans are historical subjects.

History will depend on humans and the environment around them to decide whether history is short or long.


Considering that the notion of history examines human actions in a certain period of time, then time or era is not a less significant factor. This time span marks the beginning or end of history in a clear and regular way.

The element of time describes how humans use time to achieve their goals. Therefore, time cannot be separated from the dynamic nature of the human mind.

The experiences experienced by humans are then recounted in chronological time in history. This shows that history is, in fact, chronological in nature, which is closely related to the periodic or distinct participation of time.

Why is it necessary to specify a time commitment? Because time has three aspects that impact human existence: past, present, and future.


As a historical component, space is a place related to the geographical location of an event that has ever been encountered by humans. Activities carried out by humans at certain times must also occur at certain locations.

This explicit spatial participation will make it easier for the next generation of readers to fully understand a historical event.

According to the idea of Geographic Determinism, there is a strong relationship between space and historical events because geographical elements govern the trajectory of historical events.

Therefore, history can be classified not only by time, but also by area or region where historical events occurred. For example, the history of nations, regions, continents, and world history.


Descriptive history must have an organization of what, who, when, where, and how facts in its interpretation. Curiosity about certain historical events will be satisfied by descriptive information.

For example, using the question how will provide knowledge about the causes of historical events, even if given implicitly rather than explicitly.

History According to Experts

History Function

The existence of history is not always without use in achieving certain goals of understanding. You must understand the purpose of history in order to accurately interpret history in the present. You must understand the following historical objectives:

Intrinsic Role

History as a scientific discipline then continues to develop through a philosophical lens, so that new histories are created. The growth of historical theory influences the growth of other disciplines, especially the growth of historical methodology.

History as an attempt to identify the past, combined with a legendary historical flavor, becomes the most effective instrument for understanding the past.

Many chroniclers and historians draw on their knowledge of history to communicate their perspectives.

History can be a vocation, namely as a writer, historian, or historical researcher.

Extrinsic Role

The extrinsic role of history is to help large numbers of people through the growth of other sciences. Later, history seeped into all fields of scientific research to expose information to many individuals.

Compare, for example, education, philosophy, morality, ethics, aesthetics, and the arts with the proper sciences.

The Benefits of History for Everyday Life

In addition to having public intrinsic and extrinsic uses, history can also be beneficial to one's private life.

History is capable of transforming into values that suit humans. You should be aware of the following historical benefits in order to better understand its history and its preservation value:

Heart Affirmation

Every human being needs serenity and determination to exist, therefore mastery of history allows humans to be more aware of what they are doing at any given moment.

Useful for Instructions

History can teach people how to act in the future or be used as a factor when making choices. Even if he didn't directly witness it, he could understand history as direct experience of place and time.

History can be a source of knowledge that enables one to pay attention to various life-changing factors.

As Attention

History describes the events that have occurred in the past, both those that are beneficial and those that are bad; however, these events are still referred to as historical events.

Based on past events, this might prompt users to pay attention to signals in certain scenarios.

As the Source of Reality

History shows that one must understand something in order to exist, because all human beings need the truth to guide their lives.

As intelligent individuals who continue to think dynamically, history may be useful in fulfilling our intellectual needs.

History as a Story

Can Be Utilized in the Future

Aside from being a source of knowledge, history can also serve as inspiration and guide for living in the future.

There is a saying that history or the past is a useful lesson for the future. So that a person can use his past to choose his future.

  1. History of PPKI
  2. History of BPUPKI
  3. History of the Organization of the National Movement
  4. History of the Garuda Pancasila Coat of Arms
  5. History of Pancasila
  6. History of the Youth Pledge


Such is the explanation of the notion of history, starting from materials, functions, and the benefits of life. There is a saying that the past is the greatest teacher, therefore history can be a lesson for the future if interpreted correctly.

Appreciating and learning from history is a good strategy for continuing to grow and develop without associated tendencies. In addition to hindering the growth of reason and conscience, historical amnesia hinders their history.

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