How to Compare 2 Description Texts, Here's the Explanation! – This time, we will provide an explanation about comparing your 2 description texts. After reading this material, you should be able to identify the differences and similarities between the observation report text and the descriptive text.

Many people do not understand the difference between descriptive text and observational text, so they often misinterpret it observation result text as descriptive text.

This is because the structure and quality of the two manuscripts are very similar. With a more thorough explanation, you can avoid making the same mistake.

Definition of Description Text

Definition of Description Text

As previously said, description is a type of writing that describes or explains a certain item, object, or situation.

Description can also be seen as a rule of turning facts into something that can be articulated accurately and clearly so that it is easily understood by others.

Descriptive text is a text whose main purpose is to convey the text by describing in great detail certain things, locations and events.

Thus, the reader can directly connect physically and emotionally with what is conveyed in the text. The origin of the word description is the Latin verb 'describere,' which means to describe or explain something.

According to Henry Guntur Tarigan, description is writing that describes a story with the aim of inviting the reader to understand, experience, and live up to what is described in the text, such as actions, feelings, and so on.

According to Gorys Keraf, description is writing that conveys the subject or object mentioned in such a way that the reader can see it immediately. The writer of descriptive text must be able to convey the emotion and specification of the shape of an object

According to Felicia Nuradi, description is writing that uses the five human senses to explain the shape of the object of observation, its nature, taste and style. According to the Big Indonesian Dictionary, description is a clear and precise written explanation, description, or description.

Writing descriptive text can be a learning experience for writers. This is because writing descriptive text can help develop sensitivity, because the writer describes something original or a certain atmosphere.

Moreover, writing descriptive texts helps educate us to understand the constituents of objects and forms in their specific subtleties.

The purpose of descriptive text is to describe an experience based on the observation of the five senses. senses, feels, and perceives.

From there, the writer can involve the reader's imagination so that they can directly experience what is described in the text.

In writing descriptions, the writer is expected to be able to explain the items in sufficient depth. This is because descriptive text seeks to influence the reader's five senses to evoke certain experiences depending on the reader's imagination.

In addition to descriptive text, descriptive statistics are additional fields related to description. Usually, descriptive statistics are used for research purposes. This book by Syofian Siregar might be useful for problem solvers who want to understand descriptive statistics.

In addition to the book by Syofian Siregar, Sisi Silvia explains descriptive statistics. Silvia explained the understanding of descriptive statistics and making tables and figures.

Characteristics of Description Text

The quality of descriptive text makes it easier for readers to identify the type of text. The following are the characteristics of descriptive text:

  1. Descriptive text includes a description or depiction of an item, such as an object, location, and atmosphere.
  2. Descriptive text incorporates all the five senses – sight, hearing, smell, and touch – in its explanation.
  3. Descriptive text describes the physical characteristics and attributes of an item in depth and with precision.
  4. Descriptive texts give the reader the impression that they can feel and even experience the events described.
  5. Generally, descriptive texts use specific terminology to describe items in as much detail as possible. For example, writing about the colors red-gray, blue-violet, and so on.
  6. Descriptive text might also include sentences with nouns. Pak Dadang, for example, is a tough principle.
  7. Descriptive text provides useful adjectives to describe. Two red shirts, dedicated students, etc. are examples.
  8. Transitive verbs can be used to describe topics in descriptive texts. For example, the student is wearing a white and gray uniform.
  9. The purpose of sentiment and opinion verbs in descriptive writing is to communicate the writer's own thoughts about the topic being described. For example, we feel that Blackie is a smart dog and this book can solve your problems.
  10. Adverbs provide additional information in a descriptive text, such as out loud, in the field, in the afternoon, etc.
  11. Descriptive text uses figurative language and metaphor. For example, his skin is as white as snow, his vehicle is as fast as a cheetah, etc.

Characteristics of Description Text

Description Text Structure

Descriptive text also has a structure, namely:

Descriptive paragraph titles must have at least three elements, namely: relevance, provocative, or interesting, and concise. The essay title represents the narrative, which is a synopsis of the entire essay. This title serves as an interest-generating and promotional moniker.

  1. Identification: The process of determining the identification of individuals, objects, and other entities.
  2. Classification: The method of grouping basic elements based on predetermined norms and criteria.
  3. Description: Or Contains an explanation of the item or concept discussed in the text.
  4. Conclusion: Is a reaffirmation of what is significant. Conclusions can be included or not included.

Types of Descriptive Text

Based on the substance of the text, descriptive text can be categorized into many categories. Here are some types of descriptive text.

  1. Subjective description text: subjective description text is a descriptive text that describes an item based on the perceptions of the author.
  2. Spatial description text: Spatial description text is descriptive text that exclusively describes something, such as a description, a room, or an item.
  3. Objective description text: objective description text is a descriptive text that explains something based on an actual situation, allowing the reader to visualize scenarios without the author's perspective.
  4. Imaginative description text: a description painting when an event occurs is a text that contains creative descriptions. In order for the reader to have a different mental and emotional picture of the setting, the description must be viewed from several angles.
  5. Factual description: factual description text explains an item or person by revealing its identity as it is, thus enabling the reader to visualize the actual situation.

Comparison of Report Text and Description Text

Observation text and descriptive text have the same appearance. However, there are differences between these two forms of writing. Observational text discusses something in general and factually, without the author's opinion or point of view.

In contrast, descriptive text describes something in detail because it is unique and consistent with the author's point of view.

Text based on observation includes observation text and descriptive text. The presence of a description in the observed text shows that descriptive text often functions as a complement to other forms of text.

Descriptive text is used, for example, to explain things seen in depth in observational texts and to describe context in narrative texts.


The following are questions and answers about 2 descriptive texts, including:

What Are the Types of Text?

The types of texts taught in Indonesian lessons include narrative, description, exposition, explanation, argumentation, and persuasion. Each type of text has different advantages and functions.

Description Text Structure

How many Indonesian texts?

Types of text in Indonesian are classified as explanation, description, narration, argumentation, and persuasion.


So that's a way to compare 2 descriptive texts, observation and description texts can be compared by identifying the differences and similarities between the two.

Content, structure, and linguistic quality were compared between the two texts. we hope this is helpful.

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