What is Recycling, Types and 6 Complete Benefits Here

Rancakmedia.com – In the discussion of this article, you will find out what recycling is, complete with types, benefits and examples that you must learn, see the explanation below.

The definition of recycling which is a very important form of preserving nature, recycling is a way to preserve the environment.

The function of recycling in addition to maintaining environment, Recycling can also increase economic value. So, recycling is a way of processing waste into new uses.

Another benefit is the strategy for treating waste which is full of activities which consist of selection, collection, processing, distribution and also manufacture of products or materials that have already been used.

One example of the main components in managing modern waste, examples of items that are no longer used and can be recycled include paper, wood, plastic, cloth and many others.

Definition of Recycling

Recycling is a way to collect and then process materials that should be disposed of as waste and then turn them into new products that have added value and can benefit the surrounding community and the environment.

Definition of Recycling

Definition of Recycling According to Experts

Now the definition of recycling according to these experts is as follows:


Recycling is a form of process to change waste material so that it becomes a new material or object, so that it becomes a way of conventional waste disposal. This method can save materials and also help reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI)

Recycling is the re-circulation of a period, reprocessing materials that have been used, such as fiber, paper and water, to obtain new products. While recycling means doing, recycling or reprocessing used materials.

Kinds of Recycling

There are two types of recycling operations:

Internal Recycling

Internal recycling is the reuse in the manufacturing stage of materials that are waste products from that stage. Internal recycling is common in the metal industry as an example.

The production of copper tubes generates a large amount of waste in the form of tube ends and trimmings; This material is melted and then reconstituted. Other forms of internal recycling can be found, for example, in the refining industry, where crushed grain residues are dried after being refined and processed into animal feed.

Another example is collecting aluminum cans in bulk, melting them into aluminum, and finally making new cans or other aluminum products from improved materials.

External Recycling

External recycling is the recovery of materials from products that have worn out or are fairly obsolete. An example of offsite recycling is the collection of old newspapers and magazines for reprocessing or recycling and subsequent processing into new paper products.

Glass bottles and aluminum cans are examples of everyday items that are recycled a lot externally. These items can be collected through one of three main methods:

  1. Buying take-back center waste material that have been sorted and transported by consumers.
  2. A drop-off center where consumers can deposit waste but are not paid for doing so
  3. Used goods are collected from roadsides, homes, or business activities, then sorted and stored to be collected by a central agency.

What are the Benefits of Recycling

Paper recycling eliminates the need for energy to cut wood, transport wood, and turn pulpwood into paper (which is quite energy intensive).

What are the Benefits of Recycling

In addition, waste paper does not need to be burned. When burned, burning paper releases carbon into the atmosphere, which then combines with oxygen to form carbon dioxide.

In short, the production of recycled paper requires 70 to 90% less energy and since the energy available is not always from renewable sources, it reduces greenhouse gas emissions even further.

To help promote sustainable development, our society needs to recycle its precious and limited resources.

In addition, it must be balanced by avoiding excessive consumption and reuse whenever possible. So the benefits derived from recycling activities are as follows:

  1. Reducing the value of waste disposed of in landfills and incinerators
  2. Conservation of natural resources such as wood, water and minerals
  3. Increasing economic value by using domestic material sources
  4. Prevents pollution by reducing the need to collect new raw materials.
  5. Save energy and resources
  6. Help create jobs in the recycling industry.

Why Recycling Is Important

Recycling is one of the simplest and most meaningful daily activities we can do. So that every family member can participate, even the smallest house can participate.

Even though humans are responsible for generating large amounts of waste, recycling is also an example of social responsibility and environmental protection. Sometimes we still refuse to recycle.

Therefore we only need to harm ourselves and the environment in the short term and the future. This is a matter of concern to every father or mother, this small step is part of responsible consumption and will enable our descendants to enjoy a green and blue planet.

All cities in our country put disposable containers in their disposal containers, be it organic, paper, plastic or glass, we can import them. There are also some cleanup points where you can pick up items like tools or wood.

On the other hand, you can place trash cans in your home to encourage the appropriate recycling of consumer goods and help the whole family get proper education and change the awareness of the people around you.

Household Habits

By adopting household recycling habits, we can achieve the following benefits:

Household Habits

  1. Reduce energy consumption. When we recycle, we reduce the extraction, transportation and processing of new raw materials, significantly reducing the energy required for this process.
  2. Reducing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. When energy consumption decreases, our production of carbon dioxide decreases and the greenhouse effect also decreases. In other words, recycling at home is helping the planet and fighting climate change.
  3. Reducing air pollution. This is important when considering the relationship between air quality and health. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the lower the levels of these pollutants, the healthier our cardiovascular and respiratory systems are. When we think of the air our boys and girls breathe while playing in parks or on the streets of big cities, there are a few things to keep in mind.

Examples of Recycled Goods

Below are examples of waste that can be recycled, including the following:


When we recycle paper, we save one million trees on our earth by preventing deforestation.

Companies today use recycled paper for many of their printing needs, such as: General paper printing, Business cards, proposal writing, memo making, magazines, newspapers and books can also be recycled.

Reprocessing can be done by collecting paper waste, then turning it back into pulp and processing it like proper paper making. Furthermore, paper can also be used to make crafts, for example making crafts from old newspapers.

Cardboard box

Reusing one ton of cardboard is the same as saving about nine cubic meters of landfill space. Cardboard is commonly used in homes and businesses. They are used to package and ship products. The large and small boxes are recyclable, although they are easily biodegradable.

Many goods and real estate companies negotiate separate recycling containers for cardboard boxes. However, there is one important step before recycling cardboard.

They should be folded so that there is more space in the recycling bin. This method can also reduce the problems for recycling workers.


Steel is considered the most recyclable material in the world because 100% is recyclable. The benefit is that the steel does not rot during the recycling process.

Reusing steel saves nearly 74% of the strength needed to re-make steel from raw materials. It can also minimize air emissions, water pollution, and the extraction and processing of iron ore.

Aluminum cans

Aluminum is used for beverage containers such as soda and fruit cans. Billions of aluminum cans are produced and used each year. The only problem with manufacturing aluminum cans is that it takes a lot of energy to get to the raw materials.

Making aluminum cans from recycled cans requires only about 5% of energy, resulting in 95% of energy savings. In addition to energy savings, there are also cost savings as well. The cost of recycling aluminum is very low compared to manufacturing new aluminum.


Just like steel, glass can also be recycled 100%. When recycled, glass does not lose any of its quality or purity, which means it can be recycled over and over again. Recycled glass prevents emissions, saves energy and reduces raw material consumption.

Glass takes millions of years to decompose in landfills, while recycled glass takes days to make into new glass containers or bottles.


Wood is waste when it ends up in a landfill, even though it is biodegradable. However, when recycled, this wood can be used as a building material or for making paper.

Wood is a very valuable recycled material because it can be processed into various secondary products. Recycling wood resources reduces the value of the need to cut trees.

For example by crushing wood into small pieces that are used to make new products, or it can also be used to make crafts such as cars, houses, etc.


Plastic is the main form of solid waste that occupies a large part of landfills and oceans, so it is very important to pay attention to plastic recycling activities.

Plastic takes about 500 to 1,000 years to decompose the precious landfills that clog up space and pollute our oceans. With the recent spike in consumption, plastic is floating on the surface of the sea and is destroying the ecosystem.

Plastic recycling saves 80% of the total energy used to make new plastic products, keeping oceans and landfills free of solid waste. For example, it is used as a lubricating oil for bottles, bags, beverage bottles and others.

Fabrics and Textiles

Recycling of textiles and fabrics can be done. Used clothes or other types of cloth are reused to make clothes, bedding, curtains, even as mops or mats.

Textiles take hundreds of years to decompose, so it's best to recycle and reuse them right away. Recently, many countries have set up clothing collection centers in various cities.


The following are questions equipped with answers about the definition of recycling, including:

What is the Purpose of the Waste Recycling Process?

Recycling allows people to make the same goods from solid waste raw materials. So as to reduce the need for raw materials from nature and conserve natural resources.

What is the Purpose of the Waste Recycling Process

Using recycled solid waste raw materials can save energy and costs compared to using raw materials directly from nature.

How to Recycle Garbage?

Here are the steps for recycling plastic waste

  1. Use plastic containers for snacks
  2. Replace plastic bottles for watering plants
  3. Used as a flower pot
  4. Using a plastic bottle as a piggy bank
  5. Making toys out of shampoo bottles
  6. Weave plastic into grocery bags
  7. Send trash to the trash bank
  8. Collection

Why Does Recycling Save Natural Resources?

If we recycle, the equipment can be saved because we don't take/buy the materials but use used materials. Therefore it must be economical.


Recycling is a way to collect and then process materials that should be discarded and then turn them into new products that have added value and can benefit the local community and the environment.

There are two types of recycling operations that we mentioned above namely internal and external. External recycling is the recovery of materials from obsolete or moderately worn products. Glass bottles and aluminum cans are examples of everyday items that are externally reprocessed a lot.

So that's information about recycling that you need to learn to preserve the surrounding environment, thus the discussion this time, I hope this information can help so that we can all take care of our earth, that's all and thank you.

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