The definition of scales is – The following is an explanation of the meaning of scales that you must know, for those of you who like to sing and create music. Let's see the article below.

Scales are one of the basic elements that you must recognize. If scales are the basis of music, then this is the explanation. Therefore, without stairs, no music could be created.

Yes, most of us probably already know musical scale, either consciously or not. This is shown by our ability to sing songs well, which is the result of early introduction to songs and music.

Therefore, by learning and understanding the scales, you can process your voice while singing correctly. You can also make whatever music you want. See the details listed below for further clarification.

Definition of Scales

Definition of Scales

The Music Dictionary defines a scale as a series of musical notations based on pitch or fundamental frequency, starting with “do, re, mi, fa, so, la, si, do” or “1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. ” You can compare the function of this musical scale with the function of a ladder, which can go up and down.

In general, this scale can be described as a hierarchical arrangement of the basic pitch sounds. Starting with one root note to reach an octave, like "do, re, mi, fa, so, la, si, do".

Based on the octave equivalence principle, it is often believed that the scale includes only one octave. The lower or higher octaves of the scale simply repeat the basic pattern.

This scale describes the division of an octave space into a certain number of steps, where the pitch interval is the distance between each step. Well, the tone interval itself serves to determine the distance between two notes.

Scale Type

According to the Acoustical Society of America, the types of scales are often separated into three scales. Here's the clarification.

The Pentagonic Scale

The pentagon is also known as the pentagon and pentagon. As the name suggests, the pentatonic scale is a type of scale consisting of only five major notes, especially penta, which means five.

In addition, this type of scale can be further divided into pelog scales and slendro scales. Rock 'n' roll, certain versions of blues and pop, folk songs, even children's songs sometimes use the pentagonist scale.

To help understand the difference between the pelog and slendro scales, pay attention to the following:


Pelog consists of a pentatonic scale with the notes “1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7” to convey a serene and majestic atmosphere.


Slendro consists of a pentatonic scale with the names "1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7" to convey joy.

Diatonic Scale

The diatonic scale consists of seven notes with two types of intervals. This type of scale is used more often in current or contemporary music. Thus, the diatonic scale is most likely used in most contemporary music.

This scale is often encountered when studying musical instruments, such as guitar or piano. This is due to the fact that guitar or keyboard playing is often based on a diatonic scale.

This type of diatonic scale uses intervals of 1 or 0.5. Even this type of scale is further divided into minor scales and major scales.

Minor Scale

This minor type can still be separated into three subtypes. In particular, the original harmonic and melodic minor scales. There is no chromatic indication in true minor type, which consists only of the major notes.

Then, for harmonic types, each note is raised by a factor of two. However, as it rises or falls, the pitch will remain the same.

As in the melodic type, only the sixth and seventh notes are raised as they rise, while only half are raised as they fall. This type of minor scale produces a gloomy, deep, melancholy, and “black” atmosphere.

Scale Type

Major scale

Well, the major and minor scales are different, and can even be considered to have an inverse relationship. This type of scale is often used for happy tones. Yes, those are the popular songs that we often hear nowadays.

The tone arrangement is 1 – 1- ½ – 1 – 1 – 1 – ½. Unlike the minor scales which have tone intervals in the form of 1 – ½ – 1 – 1 – ½ – 1 – 1, the major scale. Are you familiar with the difference between the two scales?

The difference between the two scales can be heard when played on a musical instrument.

When you hear a major scale, the tone will be quite upbeat and fun. And conversely, if you listen to a small scale, the mood tends to be melancholic or sad.

However, minor scales can also be used in upbeat tunes. However, its implementation should quicken the pace.

Chromatic Scale

The last type of scale is the chromatic scale, which consists of 12 notes separated by half-tone intervals. This scale is actually a derivative of the major diatonic scale.

On the chromatic scale, notes with a value of 1 in major diatonic are further divided into and again.

Scale Order

There are two possible forms of scale sequence, which are called the capital scale and the complete scale. The following is a list of scales in recognizable order.

Capital Scale

The modal scale, often known as the modal scale, is the first series of musical notes. This modal scale consists of seven scales: Dorian, Ionian, Lydian, Phrygian, Aeolian, Mixolydian, and Locrian. Make sure you remember each of the seven notes, okay?

Different melodic subtleties will be produced by each scale. The names of the notes are sorted by how many notes are in the modal scale.

Full Scale

A full scale, often known as a full scale, is a scale with one full note between each note. Therefore, none of the intervals between notes in this scale are equidistant.

To make it easier to understand, you can compare the whole scale with the major scale. As previously mentioned, if the notes in a major scale contain intervals of 1, 1, ½, 1, 1, 1, ½ the scale is major.

And if you believe in the C scale, it should sound something like this: CDEFGABC. Towards the end of this scale, there is an interval of additional notes to the entire range of notes.

Now, between each note, it will appear as follows: root, 2nd, 3rd, #4, #5, b7. If it is played in the Do=C scale, it will form like this: C, D, E, F#, G#, Bb.

If the previous scale is in order, then D is Ionian, then E is Phrygian, then F# is Lydian, G# is mixolydian, and Bb is Aeolian, if the previous scale is in.

Scale Order
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The following are questions and answers about scales, including:

How Many Scales Are There?

In the diatonic scale system, there are seven main tones in succession. The eighth note repeats the first note.

The pentatonic scale is a type of scale consisting of only five basic notes. The distance between the notes and the selection of notes heard characterizes the different pentatonic scales.

What are the Kinds of Basic Tones?

Basic scales are divided into three categories based on their type: natural, sharp, and flat.


So that's all you need to know about scales for now. Some of us actually come across the scales and materials mentioned above quite often. Hopefully it's useful.

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