Differences in School Facilities and Infrastructure

Rancakmedia.com – For the continuity of educational activities, the existence of school facilities and infrastructure is quite important. Below is the meaning, influence, purpose and difference of SarPras.

On average, government funds are used for its acquisition. Therefore, teachers and education staff (GTK) are obliged to submit reports on infrastructure facilities as a means of accountability for the use of school finances.

Understanding the differences between educational facilities and infrastructure can assist in preparing reports and managing school infrastructure.

Definition of School Facilities and Infrastructure

Definition of School Facilities and Infrastructure

Education facility must receive the full attention of every educational administrator. Buildings, study rooms or classrooms, educational tools or media, tables and chairs, etc. are examples of facilities that are directly used and assist the educational process.

Meanwhile, facilities or infrastructure refer to things that indirectly help the educational process, such as courtyards, gardens or school gardens, as well as roads leading to schools.

Basically, educational facilities can be divided into four categories: land, buildings, equipment and school furniture (site, building, equipment and furniture).

In order for all of these facilities to make a meaningful contribution to the educational process, they must be handled appropriately. Management in question includes:

  1. Planning.
  2. Procurement.
  3. Inventory.
  4. Storage.
  5. Arrangement.
  6. Use.
  7. Maintenance.
  8. Deletion.

Therefore, in general, facilities and infrastructure are instruments that help the success of a process of efforts carried out in public services, because if these two items cannot be accessed.

So there is no activity that can achieve the desired results as planned.

Definition of Facilities and Infrastructure According to Experts

The following is the definition of facilities and infrastructure according to experts:

According to Tholib Kasan (2000:91)

Educational facilities, such as classrooms, books, libraries and laboratories, are direct means of achieving educational goals. Etymologically, the definition of infrastructure is an indirect way to achieve certain goals.

According to E. Mulyasa

Educational facilities are equipment that is directly used and supports the educational process, especially the teaching and learning process.

While educational infrastructure is a facility that indirectly supports the continuity of the educational or teaching process, such as courtyards, gardens, school gardens, and roads leading to schools.

Ministry of National Education (2008:37)

Distinguish between educational facilities and educational infrastructure. Educational facilities include all equipment, resources and furniture that are directly used in the teaching and learning process at school.

Educational infrastructure consists of all equipment that indirectly helps the teaching and learning process in schools (Barnawi et al, 2012: 47-48).

The influence of facilities and infrastructure in schools

It cannot be denied that in the educational process, the standardization of facilities and infrastructure by schools and other educational institutions contributes to the quality of education. Facilities and infrastructure have a significant impact on students' capacity to learn.

This shows that facilities and infrastructure play an important role in improving the quality of student learning.

For example, if a school in a city already has a computer laboratory, children can immediately use computers, but children in schools in rural areas must attend classes outside of school to learn to use computers.

This management is intended to facilitate the use of facilities and infrastructure in schools effectively and efficiently.

Definition of Facilities and Infrastructure According to Experts

Administration of school facilities and infrastructure is a very important task because its existence determines the success of the educational process in schools.

Planning, organizing, actuating, maintaining, and supervising are skills needed in managing process facilities and infrastructure, as is the case in current management in general.

Regarding the facilities and infrastructure that support all learning activities, school requirements must be determined carefully.

Purpose of Facilities and Infrastructure

Before discussing the differences between facilities and infrastructure, it is important to understand the function of each. The purpose of facilities and infrastructure is to facilitate planned, comprehensive and intentional procurement.

Therefore, you can prepare as much equipment as possible. In addition, facilities and infrastructure are intended to provide accurate and efficient results.

Thus, it will be able to assist in maintaining facilities and infrastructure so that they are always available for use. First, aspects of the function of these facilities and infrastructure must be understood.

Differences in School Facilities and Infrastructure

Facilities and infrastructure are sometimes used interchangeably because their meaning is almost the same, both are related to school infrastructure.

Although the differences are easy to recognize, according to their form, nature, function and sources of financing, school facilities and infrastructure can be classified according to differences in appearance, composition and purpose.


Means are often movable objects that are quite small in size, judging from their shape. Meanwhile, infrastructure is often an inanimate object that is large or difficult to move, and cannot be moved around.


When viewed in terms of its nature, educational facilities are more of a consumable item, so the acquisition is routine. While educational infrastructure can be reused without losing its purpose, there will be a reduction in quality or capability.


According to its purpose, educational facilities are things that play an important role in the teaching and learning process in schools. Educational infrastructure consists of all items that facilitate learning and instruction.

Source of Funding

According to the source of funding, BOS money may often be used to support educational facilities.

Meanwhile, not all funding for educational facilities and infrastructure can use BOS funds, such as for the repair of moderate to severely damaged facilities and infrastructure and new construction.

Examples of School Facilities and Infrastructure

To clarify the difference between facilities and infrastructure, below is given an example of educational facilities and infrastructure.

School Facilities

  1. Blackboard, eraser, table and chairs.
  2. Pipettes, measuring cups and other laboratory equipment.
  3. Ball, whistle (basketball, soccer ball, etc.)
  4. Laptops, desks and chairs for teachers, filing cabinets, etc.
  5. Cotton, red medicine, and mattresses
  6. Shelves, books, chairs, tables and chairs for reading

School Infrastructure

  1. Construction and classrooms.
  2. Laboratory structure.
  3. Athletic field.
  4. Office for teachers and principals.
  5. English building or room.
  6. The structure of the room or library.

The influence of facilities and infrastructure in schools


Below are questions and answers about school infrastructure and facilities.

What's Included in the Toolkit?

Paper, pencils, books and computers, among others, are examples of facilities that can be moved and are often used right away. Meanwhile, infrastructure consists of facilities that are often immobile, such as buildings and rooms.

What is meant by office infrastructure? Explain the difference?

According to its description, the means are designed for small movable objects. For example, books, tables and chairs, and others. By contrast, infrastructure is often bigger and stays put. Examples include office space and rooms.

What are the facilities and infrastructure needed for?

The purpose of facilities and infrastructure is to assist the operational process so that common goals can be achieved. In addition to facilitating, the presence of facilities and infrastructure speeds up the work process within an organization or institution.

The presence of facilities and infrastructure can help in increasing productivity.


Thus the differences in educational facilities and infrastructure in schools. By understanding the differences, you can effectively manage facilities and infrastructure and provide reports.

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