Main Functions of Fine Art Works, namely? – These works of pure fine art are for the pleasure of the eye and are often used only for exhibitions. Below is the definition, function and purpose as well as examples. Let's see below.

According to Paul MW's 2016 book The Perceptual Structure of Three-Dimensional Art, the only goal of art in its production is to satisfy the mind.

It emphasizes aesthetic beauty. Paintings, sculptures, graffiti, reliefs, and choreographic art are examples of fine arts. The main difference between fine art and applied art is the function of the artwork.

Pure art is art that focuses on beauty and soul expression (aesthetic value and artistic value), while applied art is a work of art that does not only focus on beauty but also on its purpose or use in helping life (use value).

Definition of Pure Fine Arts
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Definition of Pure Fine Arts

Pure fine art is artworks presented or made only to be admired for its aesthetic value and creativity. Fine art focuses on the aesthetic value of art rather than the usefulness of the work it produces.

Although it has no purpose or no practical meaning in everyday life, like applied art, however, the main purpose of fine art is to transmit inner pleasure through art.

Fine art is produced through art appreciation. Art works are made so that artists and art activists, such as curators, collectors and gallery owners, can admire, study and criticize them.

Functions and Purposes of Fine Arts

Fine art only serves as decoration or for presentation. The purpose of pure art is only aesthetic (aesthetic value and artistic value) and cannot be used to improve life (utility value).

Additional goals of fine arts include:

To Beautify A Media

This type of fine art is used to turn ordinary media into something extraordinary. A simple example is a plain white sheet of paper that looks ugly until it's emblazoned with a picture, which will do.

Channeling Artist Creativity

Humans have unlimited creative potential, and one of the best ways to express this potential is through art that exudes beauty.

Delivering an Important Message

Artistic art can be used to communicate important information. An important message is the message that the artist wants to communicate through painting or brush strokes. Sometimes these messages can be read explicitly, and sometimes only suggested.

Pure Fine Art According to Form and Shape

After understanding the concept and purpose of fine art, you must also understand its shape and form.

This art form and structure is relatively basic because its only purpose is to display beauty, and it can also serve to convey important messages, such as:


Procedures involving the manipulation of several aspects of fine art built from lines, planes, colors and textures in two-dimensional space.

There are also contemporary paintings that consist of multiple canvases and can be called modern paintings.

Functions and Purposes of Fine Arts

Graphic Arts

a type of fine art that utilizes two-dimensional shapes At first this art was only used to print or reproduce text.

Today, graphic art is used to produce fresh beauty that can attract the attention of many people.

Archipelago and International Fine Art Types

This art was created by several artists from Indonesia and abroad:

In the Archipelago

R. Saleh, Abdullah Surjosubroto, Wakidi, Basuki Abdullah, Affandi, S. Sudjojono, and Dullah.

  1. Statues: Nyoman Tjokot, Tapi Muchtar, Nyoman Nuarta, Rita Widagdo, G. Sidharta, and Dewa Made.
  2. Graphic Artists: Abdul Salam, Mochtar Apin, Oesman Effendi, I Made Daryana, Widayat, and AD Pirous.


Vincent van Gogh and Rembrandt van Rijn from the Netherlands, Claude Monet from France, Paul Cezanne and Paul Gauguin, Salvador Dali and Pablo Picasso from Spain, Leonardo da Vinci from Italy and Jackson Pollock from the United States.

Michelangelo from Italy and Auguste Rodin from France were famous sculptors.

Examples of Fine Art

Included in the fine art category are painting, calligraphy, and sculpture. Fine art, unlike applied art, should not be used as another tool.

The aesthetic value of fine art is its beauty. Historically, the top five fine arts were painting, sculpture, architecture, music and poetry, while theater and dance were considered minor arts.

Here are some examples of fine art:


Painting is an art form that is deliberately created by applying paint to a canvas with a brush or other tool.

Many of the paintings were made by renowned artists, with individual works of art costing millions, if not hundreds of millions of dollars. Painting is an example of pure art because it is only displayed as a wall decoration.


Relief is a work of art in the form of a three-dimensional or trimata image or painting presented on a two-dimensional or double-edged plane. Usually, relief is seen on monuments and temples. In general, reliefs include dioramas and have very high historical value.


Sculpture is an expression of the human spirit and works of pure art. Sculptures are often three-dimensional visual representations. The main goal of beauty is aesthetics.

Usually statues in the form of people, animals, etc. There are several statues in Indonesia that can be seen and appreciated for their beauty. Such are the statues seen at Borobudur Temple or other historical sites.

Graphic Arts

Graphic art is part of pure art and applied art. The purpose of graphic art is as a method of illustration, making it an applied art. However, it is considered fine art when it is used for ornamentation.

The Art of Photography

Due to advances in camera technology, the art of photography has emerged as a type of fine art. Many people use photography to express themselves. Objects are shot using this art of photography because it enhances their aesthetic appeal.

Pure Fine Art According to Form and Shape
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Calligraphy is a kind of pure two-dimensional art that functions only as a decorative element. Usually, this calligraphy is found in mosques and Muslim homes. The walls are usually decorated with calligraphy.


Masks are a form of pure art when hung on walls alone. Masks are sometimes used as dancing props or for other purposes. This art style expresses human emotions and enhances the beauty of the home.


Mosaic is the art of arranging small pieces of stone, pottery or glass to create aesthetically new objects. Mosaic can be considered as a work of art because it is more attractive when placed on the wall.


Carving is a kind of stone or wood carving that displays beauty to create a desired work of art. The majority of the sculptural works depict living things, flowers or life. Carvings can be used as home or workplace decorations.

Ceramic Crafts

Ceramics is a craft that emphasizes the beauty and substance of ceramics. These ceramic crafts can take several forms, including jars and vases.

Usually, it would be engraved with bright colors. Flower jars and vases are the most common types of ceramic handicrafts found in the local environment.


So that's an explanation of pure art, starting from its definition, function, purpose, and examples as a whole. Thank you for reading this article, I hope it's useful.

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