What are the Tools and Materials for Drawing Models?

Rancakmedia.com - The following is an explanation of drawing tools and materials for those of you who are lovers of drawing, it is really mandatory to see and read this article. Let's see the article below.

Draw is a fun hobby. Before learning to read and write, young children are often taught the art of drawing. However, drawing activities can improve children's creativity and fine motor skills.

Drawing can be a source of money if done professionally. The work of illustrators, comic artists, painters and graphic designers, among others, is closely related to drawing.

Historically, the practice of drawing dates back to ancient times or before the invention of writing. Many photographs of ancient remains have been found to date.

In ancient times, images were often used for religious purposes as a means of communicating with ancestral spirits.

In addition, drawing requires physical and brain power. Physical activity is associated with the ability to use drawing tools, but mental activity is associated with taste, purpose and originality in the creation of art.

Image Tools and Media and Their Functions

Image Tools and Media and Their Functions

Drawing tools and media are always evolving. Ancient people drew using natural materials and it was still relatively rough when you did it. Using stone chisels, early people drew pictures on cave walls and trees, among other things.

Currently, drawing tools are manufactured in factories and openly marketed. In addition, drawing exercises are easier to do. Common drawing tools and materials include standard pencils, colored pencils, crayons, pens, and drawing paper.

According to the book Seni Budaya (2017) published by Eko Purnomo et al., the following is an explanation of image tools and media and their roles.


H and B pencils are the most common types of drawing pencils. These two types of pencils serve different purposes when drawing.

The hardness of an H pencil makes it perfect for drawing narrow lines. In contrast, B pencils are soft and are used for thick lines or solid blacks.

Colored pencils

Gradient coloring is achieved using colored pencils, as the name suggests. Usually, this pencil is used to apply color from the darkest direction to the lightest or vice versa.


In general, crayons fall into two categories: pencil crayons and stick crayons.

Moreover, some of the two crayon varieties are soft, while others are hard. Crayons make subtle, brilliant color impressions.

Fountain pen

In addition to writing, pens can be used for drawing. Pen strokes have their own characteristics and are often used as shading.

Drawing paper

Drawing requires the use of drawing paper. Drawing paper is often a neutral color, such as white, gray, or brown. Good drawing paper should be able to absorb dye. Examples of drawing paper include Padalarang paper, cardboard, etc.

Principles of Drawing Models

According to the Class VIII Cultural Arts Book (2014), the following are guidelines for drawing models:


Composition can be achieved through the shape of the image object, its color, type, and background. There are three composition shapes used when creating models: symmetric composition, asymmetric composition, and center composition.


The ideal comparison between the parts of the object that is the subject of the observed image model is proportion.

Principles of Drawing Models


Balance refers to the alignment of the drawing plane, drawing objects and the final drawing. By creating scale, applying a perspective effect to the subject of the drawing, and adopting the designer's point of view, it is possible to achieve the balance of a model's drawing.


Unity is harmony in the arrangement of image items to give the illusion of space, depth, and support between image elements.

Elements In Drawing Models

Drawing a model also requires the use of a visual component. This visual component consists of:

  1. A line is a collection of elongated dots. Straight lines and curved lines are two types.
  2. Form, which is the distinguishing feature of all man-made and natural objects,
  3. The plane will be formed by lines that fill the ends of the base.
  4. Texture is the tactile quality of a flat surface. The two types of textures are real textures and fake textures.
  5. The parts of the item that are exposed to the light appear brilliant, while the parts that are not exposed to the light appear dark.

Techniques in Drawing Models

In addition to equipment and materials, drawing a model requires an understanding of the process and how it operates. There are many processes that an artist must go through and go through to produce a perfect, attractive, and creative image of a model.

Using the Ministry of Education and Culture's Learning Resources site as an example, here's a strategy for getting started drawing models.

Using a pencil as a measuring tool

This technique describes how to use a pencil as a ruler to measure and compare observed models.

To do this, the painter must close one eye and straighten his arm to aim. Then, move your thumb up and down the pencil to measure the length and width of each model component.

By using this measurement technique, the designer will be able to build a very accurate image of the observed model.

Define and create a model pattern

This approach can be used as a drawing template to start sketching the model. The model defines the geometric patterns of the entire model array and then divides each model into geometric patterns. Next, simply start drawing the picture.

This method helps the designer in getting the right representation of the observed model.

Perspective model drawing

The perspective method is a technique used to convey the model exactly as seen by the human eye, then poured on a flat surface.

The key concept of perspective drawing is vanishing point, when an object can no longer be distinguished due to the limitations of the human eye.

The perspective approach will create stunning three-dimensional images. This technique uses straight lines according to the given point of view. Therefore, the following points should be noted about this technique:

  1. The vanishing point is the point farthest from the eye's field of vision, and is always located along the horizon line.
  2. The horizon line (horizon level), especially the imaginary line of the eye (not actual), where the eye that perceives coincides with the position of the horizon line.

Question and Answer

The following are questions and answers about drawing tools and materials, including:

Elements In Drawing Models

What Is a 2H Pencil?

2B pencils have a soft quality and are ideal for drawing thick or solid black lines, while 2H pencils are ideal for drawing fine lines.

What is the Function of Images?

General use of pictures It facilitates non-verbal explanation of a concept. Simple things to remember. make purchases to encourage creativity. It facilitates the expression of ideas and originality.

Try to name the types of pencils and explain what they are used for?

So, here are the types of pencils and their explanations:


Typical codes for this category include 2b, 3b, 4b, 5b, 6b, and 7b. The larger the number before the letter B (black), the less intense and darker the black color.


This type of medium pencil is neither too hard nor very soft; often used for writing and marked with letters and numbers such as H, HB, F, B, 2H, and 3H.

B = black, HB = half black, H = hard, F = hard.


A pencil with a solid hardness that is often used to draw buildings because the color effect is not too dark and tends to be gray. This type is often identified with the code letters and numbers 4H, 5H, 6H, 7H, 8H, and 9H.

H = hard


So those are some drawing tools and materials. The key concept of perspective drawing is vanishing point, when an object can no longer be distinguished due to the limitations of the human eye.

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