Rancakmedia.com – The following is an explanation of examples of educational technology innovations where new ideas, products or works can be used to achieve goals education or solving problems in the field of education.
As educators, teachers and students must continuously inspire themselves to develop into creative and inventive individuals. Innovations related to education are known as educational innovations.
So, what are the basic principles of educational innovation? “Educational innovation” is a new idea, product or work that can be used to achieve educational goals or overcome problems in the educational sector.
Innovation in the education sector is expected to improve and target the quality of education. This kind of innovation must be encouraged at the elementary, middle school, high school and university levels, especially in this era of technological progress.
Understanding Educational Technology Innovation
Etymologically, innovation comes from the Latin term innovation. This implies modification or update. The word "innovo" means update and modification.
Innovation is a new change for improvement that is different from previous changes or planned and directed modifications. There are parallels and differences between the words revision and update.
The term “new” can also refer to the latest understanding, acceptance, or implementation of an innovation that is not new to others.
However, not all innovations are suitable for all circumstances, environments and locales. included in the educational innovation category. What is educational innovation?
According to Ibrahim (1988), educational innovation is innovation that solves educational difficulties.
Therefore, educational innovation is perceived or observed as something new for individuals or groups of people (society) in the form of interventions (new discoveries) or inventions (newly discovered people) which are utilized to achieve education in the form of ideas, objects or methods to achieve national education goals or problems.
Innovation is the discovery of something completely new created by humans. After that, the discovery of something (object) that did not previously exist was carried out through the creation of a new form.
An old discovery is truly something previously unknown to mankind. Therefore, innovation is the search for new goods through discovery activities.
When we discuss innovation (renewal), two concepts come to mind: discovery and discovery. Human endeavor results in the discovery of something completely new.
In this context, Ibrahim (1989) defines innovation as a discovery that is new in relation to a concept, item, event, person, or group (society).
Innovation can come from an invention or discovery. Innovation is carried out for a specific purpose or to overcome a problem. Development, dissemination, planning, recruitment, implementation, and assessment are the stages and processes involved in educational transformation.
For example, the "top-down model" is an educational innovation produced by certain parties as leaders or supervisors and applied to subordinates, such as the educational innovation that has been carried out by the Ministry of National Education.
The second “bottom-up model” is innovation that comes from below, is created by below, and is used by below. you are intended to improve the quality and use of education.
Goals of Educational Technology Innovation
Educational innovation affects the following goals or structures:
The main focus is on the instructor. Teachers are at the forefront of maintaining the continuity of student learning in the classroom. Students' knowledge and values will undoubtedly be transformed by teacher education. The following actions can be taken by an innovation or change teacher:
- Plan your lessons.
- Do some learning.
- Handle administrative responsibilities
- Maintain effective communication.
- Improve your educational abilities.
- Develop students' skills.
Students are the main goal of education. Student achievement can be used as an indicator of the effectiveness of the educational process. However, students must be involved in innovation, even if only as a reference, such as learning from innovation or sharing information they have learned with other students.
The curriculum is a learning guide for teachers. Therefore, all school innovations must be linked to the curriculum before being adopted.
Without a curriculum, innovation cannot achieve its goals. Curriculum innovation can be seen as the creation of a new curriculum that helps students solve problems better.
It is impossible to ignore the innovative capabilities of educational facilities. Without adequate tools, education will not be effective.
Some examples of improvements to school facilities are adding reading rooms to classrooms, building basketball courts, and providing experimental equipment to students.
The indirect goal of innovation is to help society. Why is that? Innovation directly affects students. Now, students participate directly in a communal context. As a result, society may be an element that must be taken into account in innovation.
Forms of Educational Innovation and Examples of Educational Innovation
The following are forms and examples of educational technology innovation, including:
Top Down Model
The top-down model is an educational innovation paradigm designed for subordinates and developed by superiors.
For example, innovations developed by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology are aimed at the educational institutions it supports. This innovation can be carried out by invitation, suggestion, or even coercion.
Bottom Up Model
The bottom up model is a form of educational innovation produced from the bottom up to guarantee and improve the quality of education.
This innovation is classified as sustainable innovation and is difficult to stop. Here are some ways schools and teachers are finding new ways to help students learn:
These shouts often occur at the beginning of class, and instructors are encouraged to sing some of the songs taught to students.
Using singing can make learning more fun and help teachers and students get to know each other and each other's needs better.
Awards or Rewards
With expertise in this field, early childhood children (PAUD, SD) are very happy when instructors evaluate and recognize your academic achievements. Gifts can be seen as a way of coordinating student well-being through education.
The goal is to make students work harder in your studies and encourage healthy competition among you so that you can do better.
Obstacles to Educational Technology Innovation
The following limitations impact the success of educational innovation:
- Insufficient innovation foresight.
- Conflict and bad motivation.
- Some poor supporting variables prevent innovation from developing.
- Treasury (Finance).
- Rejection of some categories of innovation causes.
- Relationships with others and lack of exposure.
For change and reform to be successful, teachers, administrators and guardians must avoid the things mentioned above, namely by changing your attitudes and behavior towards school reform.
Some reasons why people in the field or classroom sometimes resist or do not use innovation are:
There is no involvement of schools or teachers in the development, design, or implementation of innovations. Make sure that new ideas and innovations are not considered the teacher's or the school's, or even anyone else's, if they do not meet the school's goals and needs.
Instructors have used a system or approach for years and do not want to change it. Therefore, he wants to maintain the current system or method.
Apart from that, society sees the system you have as providing a sense of security or happiness, according to your own views. Teachers will continue to use the current system.
New innovations from other parties, especially the Center (especially the Ministry of National Education), have not fully considered the needs and circumstances of teachers and students.
This is echoed by Munro (1987:36), who claims that “the discrepancy between instructor intentions and behavior is a significant barrier to the success of innovative programs.”
The Innovation Creator Center is responsible for determining all innovations introduced and implemented. This innovation can be stopped when the project is completed or when funds run out.
Therefore, schools and teachers have to make changes at the request of the central government and cannot make other choices.
The center has so much power and influence that schools and teachers may be forced to do what it wants, even if it does not suit the wishes or conditions of the school.
Factors in Educational Technology Innovation
To prevent rejection as described above, the main aspects that must be addressed in educational discovery are teachers, students, curriculum, facilities and community environment.
Teacher or Teacher
Educators who are at the forefront of education delivery have a significant impact on the teaching and learning process.
The teacher's knowledge and authority have a significant impact on the continuity of the teaching and learning process in the classroom as well as its impact outside the classroom. Teachers must be intelligent to guide your students to the desired results.
There are several factors that influence a teacher's authority, including mastery of the material taught by synchronous teaching methods based on the situation and conditions of students and interactions between individuals, including students, fellow teachers, and other elements involved in the educational process, such as administrators.
For example, the school principal and his ability to clean the company environment and its surroundings, as well as his own teaching skills and talents.
Consequently, in educational reform, teacher participation in the conception, implementation, and assessment of educational discoveries plays an educational role in its success. Without your help, it is very likely that you will reject the ideas or innovations that are brought to you.
This is because you think that ideas that do not include you are not yours to implement, but will interfere with the comfort and efficiency of your responsibilities.
Therefore, teachers are the main and first participants in educational innovation because of the diverse positions of teachers as educators, parents, friends, motivators, etc.
Students are the main focus of education, especially during the teaching and learning process. Students have a very dominant gait.
In the teaching and learning process, students can choose your own success through the application of your own intelligence, motor skills, experience, will and dedication, which you have naturally.
This can happen if students are also included in the educational innovation process, even if only to expose you to the goal of transitioning from designing to implementing applications. Therefore, what you do is an obligation that must be carried out with consequences.
The role of students in this educational innovation is not reduced by the entry of other students, because you can be a recipient of lessons, distribute teaching materials to your peers, act as a guide, or even become a teacher.
Therefore, while adding educational innovations to your application, students must be invited or participate so that you not only understand and implement these outcomes but also to reduce resistance, as explained earlier.
The educational curriculum, or more specifically, the school curriculum, contains pedagogical programs, and its tools are guidelines for implementing education and pedagogy in schools.
So, people think that the school curriculum is an important part of how schools teach and help students learn.
As a consequence of the use of educational innovation, the curriculum performs the same function by utilizing additional educational components. Without a curriculum and following its events, educational discoveries will not achieve the goals for which they were created.
Therefore, in educational reform, changes must be synchronized by utilizing curriculum modifications or curriculum changes followed by educational reform, because it is difficult for the two series of changes to run in the same direction.
In the educational process, especially in the teaching and learning process, facilities, including educational facilities and infrastructure, cannot be ignored.
Clearly, in educational reform, facilities impact the use of sustainable innovations. Without the necessary resources, educational discovery applications will not operate effectively.
Facilities, especially teaching and learning facilities, are very important for implementing educational reform and improvement. Consequently, when adopting educational innovations, facilities must be taken into account. such as the availability of school buildings, seats and tables.
Social Scope of Society
There are factors that are not directly involved in the implementation of educational discoveries but may have a favorable or negative influence on the implementation of educational reforms.
Private or not, society is engaged in education. Because the purpose of education is to change humans for the better, especially the citizens of the country where the students come from.
Even if local residents do not know or participate, educational outcomes will be affected if they are not included.
In turn, citizen involvement in educational discoveries will help innovators and make it easier to implement educational discoveries into practice.
Therefore, the conclusion is that innovation in educational reform cannot stand alone but must integrate all related components, such as innovators, discovery organizers such as teachers and students, and so on.
One or two things aside, the people who live there and the completeness of the facilities also influence how well educational innovation works.
Top-down examples of educational progress cannot always be used effectively. This is partly because the people doing the work, such as teachers, do not want to be fully involved in both the planning and implementation of the work.
In contrast, bottom-up examples are considered long-term inventions that are not easily stopped because both implementers and inventors are involved from planning to implementation. As a result, each individual is responsible for the success of the ideas you produce.
This is an explanation of educational innovation that requires careful consideration of several factors. Are you interested in innovation related to education? Due to the complexity and interconnectedness of educational topics, this is not a simple task.