Definition and Types of Procedure Text – Have you ever heard of the meaning of procedural text before? Maybe only a few people know about it, for that in the article below we will provide the information.

Have you ever read a cookbook? Or read a book that gives tips on making crafts and DIY? If you have read any of these works, you have probably come across procedure text, which is a subgenre of nonfiction.

Actually, we often find procedural text, but in its use, sometimes we don't realize that the text we use is procedural text. But you need to know that not all text types use procedural text types.

There are certain types of writing that are not suitable for using procedure procedurals. Use of news articles, expositions and other forms of nonfiction text. We will discuss the definition of procedure text below so that you are clear about what it means and how to use it properly.

Definition of Procedure Text

The definition of procedural text is a type of text that describes a method and its steps, with the aim of making something happen in a certain order. So that the text will achieve a certain goal or make something good and right.

Definition of Procedure Text

So there you have it, a brief sense of what the procedure actually means. text is a type of writing in which the stages or steps are explained in a clear and logical sequence. Readers need to quickly try the steps if you want to easily understand what you read and then put it into practice.

This is because procedural text can be used by anyone to learn how to carry out an action, activity, habit or procedure in a certain order and at the right stage. As a result, the text might be referred to as tutorial text. So that it allows everyone to achieve your goals, whether in making something or achieving what you want.

Features of Procedure Text

Through the description of the meaning of procedural text above, we can see that procedural text is a type of text that is easily recognized from other types of text.

Why? Procedure text is unique in that it conveys a procedure step by step. Where the contents of the procedure text must then be followed by the reader by practicing directly the contents of the text.

Procedure text contains various qualities or characteristics that can help readers to immediately recognize that the text you are reading is included in procedure text or other types of text after you learn the meaning of procedure text. Following are some of its features:

Contains Regarding the Steps of an Activity

Main property text procedure is to provide specific activity steps. Whether you're making food, doing laundry, doing crafts, or anything else, you'll learn a lot here.

Procedure texts are often written by someone who has previously mastered a technique and wants to pass that expertise on to someone else. So, for example, if I wanted to know the best approach to caring for a pet, it would also take me a long time to study that.

Writers are more likely to realize that the strategy you are using might benefit others when you have found the right steps to take. That's because it is very likely that other people will experience the same problem that you are experiencing.

So that the procedures and stages that the author understands are then poured into text form. The written text is then formatted in the form of procedural text so that it seems concise and straightforward. Perhaps some individuals provide your expertise and innovative methods of making things as a means to provide answers to solve problems for free.

However, there are some individuals who use it as a business medium. If you want to bake moist and delicious cakes using available ingredients, you can find instructions online on how to do it. But instead of sharing cake recipes, you turn it into a business by taking cake orders.

Contains Regarding Steps

Written in bullet points

Usually procedural text is provided in the form of bullet points or numbers. thus making the text clearer in conveying the steps or stages from the beginning to the conclusion to the reader.

Writing procedure text in paragraph form, on the other hand, is a style used by certain but not all writers. At first glance, when a procedure text is made in paragraph form, it will be comparable to a narrative text.

There are no steps in a story, although this is not always the case. As a result, you may be guaranteed that a procedure text if includes steps or stages and then uses numbered types to organize them.

Using Suggestions and Prohibitions

The contents of procedural text are often in the form of recommendations and prohibitions. Usually, writers come with suggested phrases to help you guide your readers through the many steps involved in getting things right.

So you will get the right results and according to expectations. In addition, the use of forbidden phrases is often given by the author with the aim of helping readers avoid mistakes when carrying out the procedures and steps that have been taught.

For example, when explaining how to dry house carpets, the writer will use a prohibition sentence in the form of "avoid drying house carpets in direct sunlight".

Arranged Systematically But Detailed

In the same way that technical texts are organized and thorough, procedure manuals are too. The purpose of this guide is to help those who read it follow the steps and procedures correctly.

Because, if there is inaccuracy in practice, it will make the results obtained not ideal or even fail. So the procedure text must be given with a systematic approach. The goal is that readers can practice it from start to finish in order to get the best results.

Presenting Objective Information

Any text in a procedure manual is almost always objective. Since the items depicted in the text did not arise from the imagination or invention of the author,

However, based on the author's research, analysis and experiments. So, the reader will not be faced with wrong procedures.

Contains Numbers Numbers or Sequences

As we stated earlier, procedural text consists of phases or stages which are produced and expressed in the form of bullet points.

As a result, numbers and sequences became common in texts. including when it is written in paragraph form, so that in it there will be a first, second, third, and so on.

Types of Procedure Text

After understanding the meaning of procedural text and its characteristics, the types of procedural text are divided into three types when viewed from the content and purpose of the text. Consequently, the information presented here is not necessarily intended to be purely instructional. A writer can also explain a process outside the text by using tools and other materials.

Types of Procedure Text Types

The following are some examples of the different types of text used in procedure manuals:

Text To Use A Tool or Object

The first type of procedure text provides procedures or steps that describe the use of certain items or instruments.

Then, you can also talk about the use of various substances in full with their sizes. So the content and purpose of this type of procedure text is trying to describe the making of something.

Text To Do An Activity

This type of procedure text is usually used to describe habits as well as qualities that are valued by many individuals. As a result, the steps involved in creating a particular instrument or item are usually not included in procedure texts.

But it can also be used to describe very good hobbies or activities and habits. In addition to the types of procedural text based on its content and purpose as discussed above, procedural text can also be separated depending on the level of complexity.

The following details provide an in-depth explanation:

Simple Procedure Text

This type of procedure text is a text with several steps and processes that are easy to learn and apply. Here are some examples of procedure text: Chicken soup recipe, stir-fried kale recipe, etc.

Complex Procedure Text

Understanding Complex Procedures Complicated and very complex texts are texts that have many steps or stages. In reality, one phase and another can be carried out simultaneously as well as serially. However, there is one important thing that the reader must pay attention to, namely the problem of accuracy.

Protocol Procedure Text

This procedural text can be interpreted in various ways without being bound by a predetermined order. In order for you to start from where you started, the most important thing is that the end goal of the steps that have been taken remains the same.

Procedure Text Structure

The following are some of the structures contained in procedural text which are unique in their writing:

Procedure Text Structure

Introduction or Opener

Generally, the format of procedure text begins with a title, followed by an introductory or introductory line. The writer will provide a brief overview of the subject matter before diving into the flesh of the essay.

Starting with the planning stage and ending with practical experience. Several types of procedural text also explain the advantages and purposes of writing.


The author then discusses and lists the various materials used. For example, the components and measures used in food preparation will be listed. When writing about making handicrafts, the writer will be provided with tools and measurements.


The next part of the procedure text is the stages or steps of the subject being discussed. So the author will try to clarify these processes so that they are more easily understood and carried out directly by the reader.

While it's more common for writers to provide this information as a series of numbers or bullet points, it may also be in the form of sequential paragraphs.


At the end of the procedure text there is a conclusion, or also known as closing. As the name implies, in this section the author will summarize the conclusions of the activities mentioned in the stages and processes, as well as add some ideas from the author.

Procedural Text Language Rules

Unlike other types of text or paragraphs, procedure text uses language rules or linguistic features that are unique to you. Below are some linguistic norms that are usually used in compiling procedural texts.

Using Imperative Verbs

The first linguistic guideline used in procedure text is to use imperative verbs. Verbs ending in -an, -i, or -lah are imperative verbs. Examples include the words: input, pay attention, avoid, prepare, enter, cool, and so on.

Using Technical Words

When writing in a second language, it is important to use technical terms related to the subject matter of the text. Take the topic “Health benefits of broccoli and other leafy greens,” for example. So the writer might use words like “protein”, “nutrition”, “content”, “vegetables”, “osteoporosis” and so on.

Using Temporal Conjunctions

Conjunctions, or temporal conjunctions, are the third language rule in procedural text. One type of conjunction is a chronological conjunction, which helps describe a series of events. So, for example, after that, next, then, next, then, and so on.

Using Persuasive Sentences

Persuasive sentences, namely statements intended to convince or urge the reader to take certain actions, are the fourth topic of discussion. So most of the procedure text will use persuasive language.

Using Persuasive Sentences

An excellent illustration of this is to make sure that the trash is in its place. Describe the materials and equipment used in detail

The step by step procedure will be given along with the text of the steps to be taken. Not only discussing the equipment and materials as well as the steps and stages of processing these materials, but also providing dosages, quantities, sizes, and colors.

Using Material and Behavioral Verbs

When explaining a process, the verbs that are often used in procedure text are material or behavioral verbs. Verbs that are done physically are known as material verbs. Spices can be ground, oil can be poured, food coloring can be added, and so on.

In addition, procedural text also usually includes behavioral verbs, namely verbs related to actions performed using language. For example, believe, accept, enjoy, reject, and many others.


Procedure text is a type of text that describes a method and its steps, with the aim of making something happen in a certain order. Procedural text conveys the steps of the procedure the reader must then practice the contents of the text.

Procedural text contains various qualities or characteristics that can help readers to immediately recognize that the text you are reading is included in procedural text. Procedure text is written in the form of bulleted lists or paragraphs. The contents of procedural text are often in the form of recommendations and prohibitions.

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