Development of Industrial Technology in Indonesia
Rancakmedia.com – The following is an explanation of the history of the development of industrial technology, that technology in Indonesia itself is arguably already sophisticated. Let's look at the article below carefully.
Indonesia is one of the nations affected by globalization or you could say modernity. Modernization is a shift towards better or more sophisticated.
Modernization and technical development go hand in hand. People of all ages, young and old, are adept at navigating technology.
For example, in agriculture, farmers plowing the fields no longer use traditional techniques, such as using buffalo instead they have adopted tractors, which are more efficient and save time.
Another example is the famous transportation app, Gojek. This program is very useful in the field of transportation. This application also makes it easier for clients to get motorcycle taxis quickly and also makes it easier for drivers to find customers.
History of the Development of Industrial Technology in Indonesia
Development history industry in Indonesia has been going on for quite a long time and is currently experiencing quite rapid development along with technological developments in various large companies.
If you look at it, there are currently a number of organizations that have advanced technology and continue to make progress. Even in various industries such as agriculture, education, property, and several other sectors, machines or equipment have been used.
Through industrial processes, raw materials or goods that are almost finished can be converted into more valuable final products.
If you are interested in learning more about the history of this industry in Indonesia, and how it has developed over time, the following information might be useful to you.
Enter the Industrial Technology Era
Indonesia Enters the Era of Industrialization In 1826, Indonesia entered an industrial period during the Dutch colonial period.
A large amount of evidence connects the eras technology current with early nineteenth-century developments in England and America. So this business started in Indonesia at the same time as the construction of a sugar factory in the Java region.
During the Dutch colonial period, the sugar industry was the main source of income. In 1667, a Dutch trader came to the island of Java and founded the VOC.
Since the number of people consuming sugar in Europe increased, China has employed 1,750 plants, mostly along the north coast of Java, to make sugar for shipment to Europe.
Initially, the technology for turning sugar cane into sugar was basic and conventional. Liquid from sugarcane juice is processed using a cylindrical stone or wooden press and arranged close together.
One of the cylinders is equipped with a bollard that is manually moved by humans and livestock. How many other people can open the tube half-turn so that sugarcane juice can flow into the large cauldron below.
Due to the huge demand for sugar in Europe, the technology began to be abandoned. During the Dutch East Indies era, Indonesia entered the era of full industrialization, where the use of machines in the manufacturing process was determined.
Even though it produces a relatively large output volume compared to the manual, the quality is maintained. With the help of large sums of money in the garden in 1830, a machine-driven sugar factory in West Java began to be developed.
Modern sugar factories were built in Wonopringgo, Sragie, and Kalimatie in 1837-1838. But the industry is bound to generate a significant need for employees.
An inhumane system of forced farming was introduced during this period due to the introduction of indentured labour. When 1830 began receiving a reasonable supply of workers and raw materials,
Industrial development continues. Until now, many factories or companies have used modern machines and the latest technology to improve production quality.
The Impact of the Industrial Technology Revolution in Indonesia
The Dutch East Indies and the British, who had conquered Indonesia at that time, had a significant impact on the country's industrial revolution. The socio-economic changes brought about by the industrial revolution in Indonesia are as follows:
- Many capitalists, namely foreign investors, entered Indonesia, paving the way for the establishment of industrial companies.
- The physical characteristics of the Indonesian people continue to improve, especially in the manufacture of industrial machines.
- The construction of land routes in various parts of Indonesia is spread out so that it reaches the customers' hands smoothly.
- Teachers are placed in different groups based on your skills and talents, so your salary varies.
- Almost all of Indonesia's natural resources go into manufacturing as raw materials. Indonesian people are increasingly capable of processing and managing natural resources.
There is dissatisfaction among employees with the burden that has been given by the employer. Currently, Indonesia's industrial revolution 4.0 is present as a solution to a more effective and efficient manufacturing method.
Especially now that the industrial revolution has combined the internet with automatic machine technology. In the process of adopting Industry 4.0, it no longer uses human power because everything is used by machines automatically and is connected to the internet.
Physical equipment, technical production systems and digital technologies are all intertwined as a result of the fourth industrial revolution. Various aspects of online life are starting to define the digital industry. As long as it is used properly and the economy grows, the effect of the revolution may be good.
Types of Non-agricultural Industrial Technologies
Various kind of industry Included in this non-agricultural industry include cement, steel, motor vehicle assembly, electronics, ships, trains, and airplanes.
Various industries have been formed to generate and grow your output. There are cement factories in Gresik, Padang, Cibinong, and Ujung Pandang, among other cities in Indonesia.
Strategic Steps in the Field of Industrial Technology
As said before, until the late 1970s, Indonesia's industrial situation was still quite bad. The government is developing the industry step by step to boost Indonesia's industrial structure.
This first stage is known as the Industrial Sector Basic Framework Map, and has been a guideline for the national industrial development strategy since 1984.
Pilot Project Area Development
The government has also started initiatives that need to be completed, such as the arrangement of industrial estates with the concept of "Industrial Growth Centers".
An integrated area for industrial centers for petrochemicals, urea fertilizer, cement, paper, and so on has been planned in Lhok Seumawe as part of a pilot project. Similar steps have been and will be taken in other industrial hubs, such as Palembang, Gresik, Kupang and East Kalimantan.
Cement Factory Construction
In the near future, several cement factories will be developed in various cities in Indonesia. The construction of this facility is intended to overcome the scarcity of cement that occurred in 1995.
Construction of a Metal and Steel Casting Factory
The government has also established a number of metal and steel foundries or smelters in various locations, such as Jakarta and Cilegon, in an effort to expand production (Krakatau Steel).
PT PAL Indonesia manages a shipyard in Surabaya for the shipping industry. In April of that year, PT PAL became a reality. The government has established a company called IPTN (Nusantara Aircraft Industry) in the city of Bandung.
Deregulation in the Field of Industrial Technology
The government's efforts to improve the industrial structure are also supported by many policies taken. Since 1985/1986, the government has repeatedly deregulated the industry sector, such as the deregulation in the investment sector.
The strategy was adopted to encourage local and international investment. Increased development efforts in this area are already starting to show the consequences of this strategy in the coming years.
When industrial development activities increase, the process of technology transfer is also carried out. Either through teaching, research, or direct application in the industry. The end goal is quite clear: the independence of Indonesia's industrial development.
Research in the Industrial Technology Sector
Diversification and enrichment of manufacturing equipment, raw resources, technology, and design are all areas of focus for industrial sector research.
The adoption of industry standards is often seen as a kind of policy. National manufacturing standards are unified and simplified through industry standardization.
The ability of the Indonesian people to use technology in the industrial sector can be seen from the industrial goods that are created, such as commercial cars, various machine tools, petrochemical fertilizers, and steel.
Indonesia is already capable of producing several types of aircraft, ships and offshore equipment. Most of these goods are made for sale both domestically and abroad. This industrial sector has also generated large amounts of foreign currency.
So that's the history of industrial technology that modernization is a shift towards a better or more sophisticated one.
The history of industrial development in Indonesia has been going on for quite a long time and has experienced rapid development in line with technological developments. So this article, I hope it's useful.