Differences in Rights and Obligations of Citizens

Rancakmedia.com – The following is an explanation of the differences in the rights and obligations of citizens that you need to know, so that you understand better, read the article below carefully.

As an individual and a citizen, you must recognize the difference between rights and obligations so that all actions can be carried out properly and in a balanced manner. Rights and obligations are of course closely related, but have different meanings.

This is because if we complete an obligation, of course our rights will be fulfilled and we can carry out our activities calmly and happily. Please read the following explanation of rights and obligations so that you are more familiar with the differences, types, and their respective applications in the real world.

Definition of Rights and Obligations

Rights are something that everyone absolutely gets from birth, and their utilization depends on each person.

According to the Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI), rights are right, belonging, belonging, authority, power to do something that has been determined by laws, rules, etc. or true power over something.

Definition of Rights and Obligations

While the obligation is something that must be carried out with full sense of responsibility. According to KBBI, an obligation is something that is obligatory, which must be carried out; work, duties according to law; everything that is a human task.

These rights and duties serve to stabilize and enhance society as a whole. Individuals become more socially aware as a result of these two factors. Freedom and individual rights go hand in hand.

Types of Rights

As a citizen, you have the following categories of rights that must be observed:

Legal Rights

A statutory right in any of the circumstances. Legal rights arise from laws, rules, statutes, or other legal documents.

Moral Rights

Rights relating to the moral order. Only moral standards or principles support moral rights.

Special Rights

Rights that result from certain relationships between people or because of the unique position that one person has over others. So, this privilege is only controlled by one or several people.

General Rights

The rights possessed by all people without exception are not due to a unique relationship or position, but solely because they are human. In English, these broad rights are known as natural rights or human rights.

Positive Rights

A right has positive properties when I have the right while someone else is doing something for me.

Negative Rights

By definition, when I am free to do or have something, it implies that others cannot prevent me from doing or having it.

There are two types of negative rights:

  1. Active rights (Independence Rights)
  2. The right to do or not do as one wishes. Other people can't stay away from me to do something.

Passive Rights (Security Rights)

The right not to be treated by others with special rules

Passive Rights Security Rights

Individual Rights

Every citizen has the same rights.

Social Rights

The population body has rights that are shared with other members of the population.

Types of Liability

Basically, liabilities can be categorized into various types. According to George N. Curzon, the types of obligations are as follows:

Absolute Obligation

Absolute obligation is a person's obligation to himself and is not bound by rights and does not absolutely cover the rights of other parties.

Obligations to the Public

Public obligations are obligations related to public rights. For example, the obligation to comply with criminal rules and laws.

Positive and Negative Liabilities

It is an obligation that binds a person to perform or refrain from performing certain actions. Negative obligations involve doing nothing, whereas positive obligations require action.

General and Special Obligations

General (universal) obligations are obligations addressed to all citizens in general. While certain obligations are addressed to certain people, certain fields of law, or agreements,

Primary Liability

Primary obligations can arise from activities that are not against the law, for example the obligation not to defame and the obligation which is a punishment.

Primary obligations may arise as a result of illegal activities, for example obligations to indemnify in civil law.

Differences in Rights and Obligations

Rights and obligations vary in many ways. Here are some of the differences:

Differences in Rights and Obligations

Meaning of Rights and Obligations

A person's right is a person's opportunity or ability to achieve or even receive something. In contrast to human rights which are privileges that have been attached to a person since birth into the world, these rights are offered to all people through government entities in the country.

Obligation is a need that must be met by someone in order to fulfill individual obligations and obligations. Individuals are responsible for carrying out and fulfilling their obligations. This obligation is assigned by a government entity to every person who is a citizen of that country.

Examples of Individual Rights and Obligations

The following are some examples of rights and obligations in our daily lives, namely:

Examples of Rights and Obligations of Each Individual

Following are some examples of rights that must be guaranteed for every person and citizen:

  1. Right to express opinion.
  2. The right to speak in the family.
  3. The right to protection for children.
  4. The right to family affection.
  5. The right to be taught in school.
  6. Every citizen has the right to equal treatment before the law.
  7. The right to a decent life.
  8. Every citizen has the right to defend the territory of the Indonesian state.

Example of Liability of each Individual

The following are some examples of our obligations as individuals and citizens, namely:

  1. Paying school fees.
  2. Uphold the foundation of the country and comply with applicable regulations.
  3. Obligation to pay taxes.
  4. Obligation to maintain cleanliness and comfort of the environment.
  5. Participate in development in building the nation so that it can develop and progress.
  6. As individuals and good citizens, we must be able to obey and follow all existing rights and obligations. So that your life and work can be carried out safely, peacefully, and certainly fair.

Labor rights and obligations between employers and workers as citizens are also important to know. Especially for those of you who are currently participating in activities economy both as entrepreneurs and as employees in the territory of Indonesia.

Of course, all these obligations and rights must be balanced so that no one is harmed more than what he already has. Fulfilling the rights and obligations of each party is essential if they are to carry out the obligations assigned to them.

Therefore, both rights and obligations must be properly understood and understood. Do not let what is done by each party violate the rights of the other party.

Duties and Rights of Citizens

Examples of the rights of citizens, namely:

Duties and Rights of Citizens

  1. The right to get a security or protection from the government.
  2. The right to choose the religion and beliefs of each individual.
  3. The right to obtain the same position.
  4. Right to opinion.
  5. The right to obtain guarantees of justice.
  6. Furthermore, obligations for citizens, namely all things that must be carried out by citizens have been regulated in statutory provisions.

Examples of the obligations of citizens, namely:

  1. Obligation to pay taxes.
  2. Obligation to obey the law.
  3. The obligation to defend and maintain sovereignty.
  4. Obligation to respect human rights.


Rights and obligations are closely related, but have different meanings. As a citizen, you have the following categories of rights to pay attention to: legal rights, moral rights, special rights and freedom of action.

Obligation is a necessity that must be fulfilled by someone in order to fulfill their obligations and duties.

Thus the article about the differences in the rights and obligations of citizens, I hope the article above can be helpful and useful for all of you.

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