Anti-Corruption Education Materials in Schools – The following is an explanation of anti-corruption education that you must know. Corruption eradication is very dependent on anti-corruption education. Let's see below.

To eradicate corruption, one must not only identify and hold those responsible, but also work to prevent similar crimes from happening in the future by promoting anti-corruption awareness and education.

Anti-corruption education taught in schools is expected to prevent the next generation from carrying out corrupt practices that have been carried out before. However, providing anti-corruption education is not always simple.

Anti-corruption education must emphasize the importance of morals. Morality is the main goal of preventive measures to eradicate corruption because morality will determine behavior.

Therefore, morality must be strengthened in various ways, including through community education and community mental health.

Community mental health (mental health hygiene) also continues to be improved through formal, informal and non-formal education, especially through character education, national insight, and religious education.

In addition, students must increase your moral awareness, including increasing your own well-being.

Definition of Corruption

Definition of Corruption

Corruptio, Latin corruption for decay or decay, comes from the word corrupt, which means damaged or rotting. In some beliefs, corruption is similar to gangrene.

It is not felt, but spreads, rots and eats away at the body. Corruption is characterized as a kind of moral decay. Corruption is defined by the sociologist Syed Husein Alatas as the corruption of trust for one's own gain.

Furthermore, misappropriation of public funds for personal gain or group gain is corruption.

Causes of Corruption

Human nature itself is fundamentally to blame for corruption. Reasons for Corruption can be represented as an equation:

C = N + K

Crime/Corruption = Intention + Opportunity.

N [intentions] can be related to morals, culture, individual aspects, aspirations, etc.

K [opportunity] can be linked to systemic factors, social, political and economic structures, supervisory structures, laws, institutional issues, etc.

Corruption is the result of these elements coming together. That is, if there is a purpose to commit corruption but there is no opportunity, then the act of corruption will not occur.

Conversely, if the possibility to do so is wide open but there is absolutely no will to do so, then corruption will not appear either.

So, it can be said that corruption is a mixture of moral and systemic defects. Human greed causes him to interfere with the system for his personal gain. Robert Kilgart defines corruption as follows:

C = M + D – A

Corruption = Monopoly + Discretion – Accountability

Monopoly : Economic control over assets

Discretion: Authority to manage assets

Accountability : Accountability

Form or Type of Corruption

Causes of Corruption

There are two types of corruption that can be distinguished by looking at the scale:

  1. Petty Corruption: Petty corruption
  2. Grand Corruption: Mega corruption

Based on its nature:

  1. Episodic Corruption
  2. Systemic Corruption

Judging from its relationship with the parties involved, it is divided into 2:2.

External Corruption

Especially corruption committed by someone when interacting with people outside the institution. The example is:

  1. Services that should be provided free of charge or for a small formal fee, such as a facilitation fee or additional money, must be paid for.
  2. Payment for non-halal services.
  3. This type of money is paid for completing work that can generate a profit for the payer.
  4. Collection of money to ensure that someone is not injured Due to information asymmetry, those of you with knowledge can charge others for services you perform using that knowledge.

Internal Corruption

Corruption committed by a person [party] within the boundaries of his own institution Examples of this structure are:

  1. Embezzlement by falsification of documents What this does is create fake records which might give it an edge over the originals.
  2. Excessive printing of labels and stamps This kind of corruption is carried out by printing fake documents or leges that can be sold or bought with money.
  3. Buying and selling position This is done by utilizing power to determine one's status. Bribery, nepotism and other methods of gaining profit can all be used to do this.
  4. Delaying the deposit, namely slowing down the deposit period and using it to "play" first

Anti-Corruption Education Activities

Form or Type of Corruption

The following are anti-corruption education attitude activities, including:

Anti-Corruption Education Student Council Activities

The development of anti-corruption education in student council activities is aimed at cultivating the internalization of values and the formation of anti-corruption attitudes and behavior through students' original activities and experiences.

Identification of Anti-Corruption Values and Behavior

The anti-corruption beliefs and behaviors that are taught through the development of student council activities can be identified as follows:

  1. When interviewing potential administrators or leaders, adopt an unbiased stance focusing on traits such as personality and professional talents.
  2. Behave with integrity and dedication, fulfill assigned duties and obligations.
  3. Demonstrate an open approach in organizing and implementing cooperative activities.
  4. Demonstrate an open approach in controlling the operating finance budget.
  5. The ability to communicate the anti-corruption concept with enthusiasm and originality is an absolute necessity.
  6. Have great courage to contribute to eradicating corruption.
  7. Have a firm and broad understanding and mentality regarding anti-corruption behavior.
  8. Show sincere appreciation and admiration for anti-corruption behavior.
  9. Has a variety of admirable character traits that help keep dishonest behavior at bay.
  10. Having strong sentiments and sensations to prevent corrupt activities.

Development Strategy

The following tactics are used to promote student-led anti-corruption education:

Organizational Board Election

Student organization (OSIS) administrators and activity committees are elected democratically and objectively, in accordance with laws and regulations, by prioritizing the abilities and qualities of students without being influenced by subjective factors that contribute to corruption.

Consequently, circumstances emphasizing the personality traits and professional skills of the candidate must be defined and published. In addition, a transparent electoral process is needed with the presentation of facts and logic.

Organizational Credibility

Do everything you can to ensure that every member of your student organization (OSIS) and activity committee does what you are supposed to do, and does it with passion, honesty, and a sense of duty.

For this reason, each board or committee must write down all kinds of work that has been done in the activity diary of each management or committee, which can be reviewed by anyone at any time.

Organizational Disclosure

All results of meeting decisions, every plan, implementation process, and results of student activities are disclosed in writing on the Student Activity Information Board for the public.

For this reason, every procedure and the consequences of meeting decisions are set forth in minutes which are signed and confirmed by the management or activity committee.

Organizational Accountability

Development Strategy

After each student activity is completed, a financial report must be made in accordance with its contents, including all kinds of income and expenses in full and supported by valid evidence. This includes a comprehensive activity budget plan.

The plan and implementation of the budget as stated in the activity financial report are announced on the Student Activity Information Board, accompanied by photocopies of all receipts and expenditures.

Utilization of School Media

Providing an Anti-Corruption rubric as a permanent rubric in addition to other rubrics in the Student Wall Magazine. Each class has a turn to fill in this rubric. Competitions and big prizes may be offered to those of you who complete the anti-corruption rubric correctly.

Assessment in the competition is carried out objectively and honestly. The comprehensive evaluation findings are also revealed in the rubric. Tournaments can be held over a certain period of time for various editions continuously.

True stories, caricatures, poems, short stories, illustrated stories, comments and reviews can all be included in the Anti-Corruption Rubric. Anti-corruption should be made a permanent rubric if the school also produces student newspapers or magazines.

Competition Activities in Commemoration of the Big Day

In celebrating national and religious holidays, various tournaments with the theme of anti-corruption can be held.

Such as anti-corruption speech contests, writing and reading anti-corruption poetry, writing anti-corruption short stories, producing anti-corruption posters, making anti-corruption cartoons, drawing anti-corruption caricatures, anti-corruption singing competitions, and so on.

Posters, poems, caricatures, cartoons and other works from this contest can be displayed permanently in school buildings to instill a sense of anti-corruption pride in students.

Dialogue and Scientific Activities

At certain times, both during the commemoration of national holidays and religious holidays or at any time dialogues, lectures, discussions, seminars or similar activities can be held.

With the theme of anti-corruption by inviting competent sources from outside the school such as the police, prosecutors, courts, lawyers, religious scholars, former corruption convicts, students, or other sources who can provide enlightenment, additional insight, motivate enthusiasm, and encourage the growth of anti-corruption behavior.

Art Performances and Exhibitions

Every year, both at the end and at the beginning of the school year, Student Art Performances are held to showcase children's skills and talents in various artistic media while inculcating anti-corruption ideals and behavior.

In addition, exhibitions of student work can also be held displaying special items from the school. The appearance of the work can be developed by presenting anti-corruption ideals and behavior.

Sports Championship Activities

Various sports activities and championships need to emphasize the appreciation of the principles and inculcation of attitudes that encourage anti-corruption behavior, such as hard work, discipline, sportsmanship, respect for rules, anti-cheating, achievement-oriented, patient, honest, and so on.

In socialization, giving information to children about the value of some of these attitudes and actions, rather than just seeking victory in a match, must always be carried out.

Since only winning results in matches were used to evaluate student sports and championship activities until now, evaluation based on the criteria for some of the attitudes and behaviors listed above is required.

Thus, the winner is no longer the winner in the competition. But maybe the best, the most hardworking, the most disciplined and obedient to the rules, the most honest, the most sporty and so on.

Field trip

Anti-Corruption Education Student Council Activities

Field trips to witness corruption trials at DPRD plenary sessions during the discussion of the RAPBD or visits to prisons where corruption convicts are housed may all be effective methods of instilling anti-corruption beliefs and behavior.

By participating in this exercise, students will get a first-hand view of what corruption is and how it manifests itself in real life.

In addition to the various activities above, there are still many additional student activities that can be produced with designs that can become an anti-corruption education strategy in schools. The choice of form and tactics for this student activity depended on the circumstances and original potential of each school.

Anti-Corruption Education Subject Activities

If education is a deliberate and planned effort, then each stage of the learning process is a continuous and consistent step to achieve the goals that have been set.

The insert step is an easy way to do this task. Insertion in this context means incorporating anti-corruption lessons into current education, especially in civics courses.

So don't add fresh content. The insertion step is carried out in three phases, including designing initiatives, combining students, and setting up networks.

The success of the learning process in achieving the desired results can be monitored using these three processes. The following are the actions that need to be taken:

Design Initiative

Makes careful preparations on the instructor's initiative. Designs can be produced as needed, using a format that suits your request.

Design Initiative Steps
  1. Determine the actions taken so that children are consistent and accustomed to practicing in the classroom, school, family and community.
  2. Develop evaluation instruments that use indicators to monitor student progress in their education.
  3. Create a method to regularly evaluate student progress using indicators.

Include Learners

Carry out learning activities that integrate all the senses of students. Fun and interest can be added to any activity.

Steps to Include Learners

Here are the steps through involving students:

Identification of Anti-Corruption Values and Behavior

Group Study

form groups (discussion groups, debates, and games) focused on setting resolutions for self-improvement and seeking more comprehensive solutions, starting with admitting mistakes and committing to self-improvement.

Activities Outside Class

Making coverage of corruption or anti-corruption behavior in schools or in the surrounding environment (such as Citizen Journalism videos/short films, documentaries/photo documentation)

Examples of teaching materials published by the KPK that are age-appropriate and educational and can be used to practice anti-corruption ideals

An example is making noise or making a sign to show your displeasure at someone who ignores the rules. Similar actions are used to praise good behavior (for example, saying “awesome” with a thumbs up).

Set up the Network

By involving all stakeholders, learning should not be confined to the classroom.

Anti-Corruption Education Activities

Steps to Set Up Network
  1. Unify knowledge and insertion process into MGMPS at the school level (if there is more than one subject teacher).
  2. Building synergy to effectively strengthen anti-corruption character at the school level between subject teachers and other teachers in the same school.
  3. The MGMP Forum is a great place to encourage collaboration and exchange of anti-corruption education best practices.
  4. Build synergy between schools and parents.
  5. Build synergy between schools and parents in the school environment.

Work with other professional organizations to create synergies between topic instructors. Anti-corruption values and actions instilled in society can be identified as follows:

  1. Recognize and avoid corruption.
  2. Strive to live a moral and ethical life every day.
  3. You should only be given what is rightfully yours.
  4. Respect and fulfill the rights of others.
  5. We are able to assess the origins and consequences of corruption in the life of society and the state.
  6. Educate yourself and others about the dangers of corruption.

Cultivating Anti-Corruption Education Values School Activities

It is also possible to develop anti-corruption principles in students through cultivating school activities and the surrounding environment. To build an anti-corruption culture, schools need to design a habituation program.

A person's physical appearance and personality can benefit from the right habits. On the other hand, unwanted habits contribute to the development of negative character traits in a person.

Based on this habit, children are used to obeying and obeying the laws that apply in school and society. After acquiring good educational habits at school, their impact also carries over to everyday life at home and into adulthood.

The formation of anti-corruption education through habituation of behavior in schools aims to create an atmosphere and foster an anti-corruption culture in the school environment.

Repetition of an activity over a long period of time causes habituation, which is the process by which behavior that is performed regularly becomes ingrained in everyday life.

Identification of Anti-Corruption Values and Behavior

Anti-corruption beliefs and behaviors that are strengthened through habituation of behavior can be identified as follows:

Organizational Board Election

  1. Have a strong anti-corruption attitude and belief.
  2. Maintain an open and honest attitude, act responsibly, and defend the public interest.
  3. Be honest with yourself and others in making transactions.
  4. Just act in such a way as to accept or reject what really belongs to him, or not take what doesn't belong to him.
  5. Strategy for Habituating Anti-Corruption Behavior in Schools
Submission of Anti-Corruption Commitment in the Ceremony

The process of habituating anti-corruption behavior requires a strong and long-lasting commitment. This implies that it is very important to create a constant commitment on an ongoing basis.

In an effort to strengthen this commitment, the language "Anti-Corruption Commitment" can be recited at every ceremonial activity, including the Monday ceremony, the 17th ceremony, and national holiday celebrations.

One of the students may read the script for the "Anti-Corruption Commitment" ceremony, and it is hoped that all event participants can imitate it.

Class Social Cash Procurement

Obtaining Class Social Cash can also be used to train anti-corruption behavior habits. The practice of handling Group Social Cash money in an honest, open and responsible manner will be able to build prejudice against this activity.

Additionally, Cash Social Classes can help students learn about the need to protect and promote the public interest over your personal interests.

Procurement of Lost and Unclaimed Items

One of the symptoms of honesty is not wanting to own something that does not belong to them, even though the item is the result of an invention and it turns out that no one has it. Habituation of this mindset is very effective and relevant to be able to prevent acts of corruption.

One way to get used to this mentality is to host Missing and Unmanaged Item Posts. This article serves as a repository for all lost and found items in the school, regardless of who finds them.

School members who believe that you have lost something at any time can come to the post to check on your lost items if someone else finds you and reports them to the post.

The working procedures and mechanisms for Lost and Unmanaged Items Post can be designed in the spirit of good prejudice, but must be accompanied by a mechanism for clarification by taking into account the identity of the person and his belongings taken.

For someone who claims to have lost the item, it must include the characteristics, color, or shape of the item concerned.

Greetings and Yell-Yel Anti-Corruption

Habituation of anti-corruption behavior must be complemented by the formation of a supportive climate. The anti-corruption environment can be generated by the habituation of "Salam" and "yells" that are loud and firm against corrupt activities.

The practice of using anti-corruption is welcomed as “corruption… No!” and “Anti-Corruption… Yes!” maybe it can help build anti-corruption greetings.

Organizational Disclosure

Whenever a school or faculty member meets others at school or in the community, or even at the beginning and end of class, after greeting with “Assalamu 'alaikum – Wa'alaikum Salam” or after greeting with “Good morning/afternoon/night /Evening".

You must greet with the words: “corruption” and answer “No” while raising your fist; “Anti-Corruption” and the answer “Yes” Speeches and responses were delivered in a confident and enthusiastic tone.

Installation of Posters or Caricatures

The school's anti-corruption atmosphere can also be created by placing posters or cartoons on anti-corruption values and behavior. In a wise words style, the poster's motto aims to leave a lasting impression.

Posters must be students' work and elegantly displayed in corners of the room or school building so that they can add to the appeal. So are caricatures. Holding competitions between students can be used to get anti-corruption cartoons.

Proud of student anti-corruption posters and caricatures can increase your anti-corruption commitment when displayed throughout the classroom or school environment.

Organizational Credibility

Formation of Anti-Corruption Enforcement Cadres (Change Agents).

Class representatives can be used to create anti-corruption enforcement powers for positive change. A minimum of two students from each class are selected to represent that class.

The criteria for selecting class cadres are based on the dedication and trustworthiness of students in class. In addition, the school instructs and prepares class representatives to act as anti-corruption enforcers.

Implementation of Honesty Canteen

The establishment of honesty canteens can be done in schools. Before the honesty canteen was established, the school socialized the existence of the canteen and transmitted purchasing methods.

The canteen must be in a public place that is easily accessible and can be seen from all directions.
Inventories of goods and cash received are regularly evaluated as schools access cash. Canteen bookkeeping is announced after periodic assessments.

Education Tricenter Partnership

In order for Anti-Corruption Education to be successful, it must be integrated into the cooperation of the education tricenter, which consists of educational institutions, parents, and the education community.

Organizational Accountability


Anti-Corruption Education is carried out in schools in three ways: through extracurricular activities, curriculum insertion, and other character building activities.

The implementation of anti-corruption education in schools must be accompanied by education in the homes of all school members. Offsetting values is as easy

  1. The school socializes anti-corruption teaching activities to parents
  2. Parents are aware of and have signed a report on your anti-corruption education initiative.

Anti-Corruption Education can be carried out with the help of the community in the following ways:

  1. Community members as a source of information.
  2. Police, prosecutors, anti-corruption commissions or other relevant agencies may be invited to assist in this effort.
  3. Students participating in anti-corruption education programs can use society as a field of study to observe corruption in its various forms.


So that's the anti-corruption education material that you must know, misuse of public funds for personal gain or group benefit is corruption. There are two types of corruption that can be distinguished by looking at the scale.

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