Types of 3 Dimensional Art Works and Their Functions

Rancakmedia.com – Hii, for those of you who want to know about the types of 3-dimensional works of art and what are their functions, let's look at the information in the articles we have provided below.

Fine art is art that emphasizes the aesthetic value and beauty of a work. Artwork is something that can be seen and felt. Three-dimensional (or 3D) art includes not only the surface area but also the depth or height of the work.

3-dimensional (3D) works of art are works of art that have length, width and height. Simply put, 3D art is work that has volume and place. In the flow of fine art, there is a separation for works of pure art, which are divided into two. Namely two-dimensional art and three-dimensional art.

Next, let's dive into three-dimensional art, starting with definitions, principles, works, and best examples. As a result, do not miss a few things that we will peel. See and understand everything. and we hope you can understand.

Definition of 3 Dimensional Art

3-dimensional art is a work of art that has three sizes or sides or has a third space in the form of depth (usually denoted by the letter "z"), in contrast to 2-dimensional works which only have length and width. (x and y). For example, 3-dimensional art is sculpture, while 2-dimensional works are paintings.

Definition of 3 Dimensional Art

In contrast to 2-dimensional works of art which can only be seen from one side (only the front surface), 3-dimensional works of art can be seen from many sides. This gives more room for creativity and makes it possible to see things from more points of view.

Creative space, for example, is a 3-dimensional work of art that can include other 2-dimensional works on one or maybe the entire surface of the work.

3D Art Functions

Following are the objectives of 3D art and their explanations:

As Decoration

The initial goal of three-dimensional art is ornamentation. The finished pieces are used as decorations to make a room or something else look good.

When it comes to three-dimensional works, we usually see things like flower vases, decorative jars and decorative plates (wall displays) in our homes.

As a Means of Warning

The second role of three-dimensional art is as a form of commemoration. The important meaning of warning here is as a reminder.

Usually in the form of an old monument or inscription. maybe, for example, the Pancasila charm monument as a commemoration of the September 30, 1965 movement by the PKI.

As Learning Means

Three-dimensional artwork can also be used as a teaching aid. This is to illustrate how much 3D art existed during the pre-independence period.

For example, there are many museums, temples, or you can see the many reliefs of the Borobudur temple, which are 3-dimensional works, as a method of learning about Indonesian history when it was still in the form of a kingdom.

As Recreation Facility

Three-dimensional works of art are often used as a source of entertainment. This is almost the same as the role of learning facilities, because free time can be used as entertainment.

As Recreation Facility

During the study trip, temples and historical sites which have parts that look like works of art are especially visited as it can be a pleasure for people nowadays.

As a Religious Means

The fifth objective of three-dimensional works of art is to function as a vehicle for religious beliefs. Lots of historic mosques or places of worship from various religions that have various causes.

Borobudur temple, Mendut temple, which is used for Buddhist worship during Vaishya celebrations, and the solitary Saka mosque with its bas-reliefs are all nearby.

3D Art Principles

The principles of fine art are the principles that underlie how the various parts of a work are combined into one so that it has art. There are eight principles of fine art. Here's the explanation:


Artists can create interesting and beautiful works of art by connecting dissimilar parts in a way that makes sense to the viewer.


The aesthetic value of a work of art can only be judged by how well its many components work together harmoniously.


Is a concept that underlies the perception of difference between two opposite and adjacent items.


Is the concept behind the regular repetition of one or more passages.


An arrangement of colors that makes a work more lively and is based on a certain degree in a work of art.


Concepts in fine arts related to the uniformity and adjustment of the forms of the artworks produced.


It's the way in which parts of a work of art are put together so they look good, sound good, and make sense.


It is the idea that determines how something looks when its parts are put together.

Those are eight easy-to-decipher rules for creating three-dimensional art.

3D Art Techniques

The following are five methods of creating three-dimensional art, each with a brief description:

3D Art Techniques

Application Engineering

The application method is a work of art or decorative work in the art of sewing by connecting different pieces of cloth to be used as decoration, such as animals, flowers or other shapes.

Mosaic Technique

The mosaic method is a way of creating works of art by gluing together three-dimensional pieces that are put together and arranged in such a way as to form a painting.

Assembling Technique

Several pieces of material are linked together in this assembly method to produce a work of art. Assembly is a term used to describe work and finished products.

How to integrate these materials can be soldered, screwed, welded or some other nifty technique.

Sculpture Technique

This sculpting method creates a work of art by removing unnecessary materials. Chisels, files and hammers can all be used in its construction. Hard materials such as stone, plaster, wood, etc. are often used as media.

Cast or Cast Technique

A work of art created by casting, or casting method, is made by pouring a liquid material into a mold.

Once the liquid has set in the mould, it can be ejected. Cement, metal, gypsum, or rubber are common liquid materials.

The Aesthetic Value of 3 Dimensional Art Works

Three-dimensional art may have objective or subjective aesthetic benefits. Here are some simple explanations.

Aesthetic Value is Objective

Basically, aesthetic value can be seen with the naked eye in the form of the artwork itself. The aesthetic value or beauty of a work of art is formed from good composition, acceptable color combinations, placement of things that create unity and so on. Alignment of visual components is also required.

Aesthetic Value is a Matter of Opinion

What one person may find beautiful may not be so for another, but for the individual beholder, who has their own sense of aesthetics and what they find pleasing to the eye.

Materials and Tools for 3D Art

The tools and materials used in three-dimensional works of art can be divided into two, namely media and work media.

Materials and Tools for 3D Art

Here are some media works and three-dimensional art materials:

3D Artwork Materials

Three categories of materials are used in three-dimensional works of art. Here are the 3D artwork materials:

  1. Soft materials: Paper, cardboard, styrofoam.
  2. Clay materials: Clay, plaster, wax, plasticine.
  3. Hard materials: Wood, stone, metal.

Media of 3 Dimensional Art Works

Meanwhile, the following types of art are required for the creation of 3D masterpieces:

When we use the casting method to create something three-dimensional, we use a mold-shaped reference tool.

When it comes to grinding, wood is the tool used.

Wire is a necessary instrument for grinding.

A chisel, chisel or hammer, is a tool used to make sculptures.

  1. Scissors.
  2. Knife.
  3. Razor blade.
  4. Sandpaper.
  5. Drill, and others.

The information provided about the media and materials used in 3-dimensional works of art has been complete so far. We hope that the explanations are sufficient to help you understand the concepts underlying art and culture today.

Examples of 3D Art

Apart from having length and width, a work of art in 3 dimensions also has depth and volume aspects.

The examples of 3-dimensional works of art and their explanations are:

Key chain

Three-dimensional works of art, such as keychains, are quite popular nowadays. you will need a keychain, whether it is attractive or not.

The key chain itself is used as a decorative item and has the goal that the key we put in is not easily lost.


Many existing characters can be turned into works of art, making them three-dimensional works of art that are simple to construct. It's also one of the best exchangeable works.

Furniture (Tables, Chairs and Others)

Furniture is a three-dimensional work of art that has many uses and beauty. seating and dining table, for example.

Flower vase

Flower vases are one of the 3D works of art that are very popular with the public as a location or flower container to decorate a room.

Sculpture or Statue

Three-dimensional sculpture, often known as Arca, is famous all over the world. Many statues can be found throughout Indonesia. can be found in the temple.


3-dimensional art is a work of art that has three sizes or sides or has a third space in the form of depth (usually denoted by the letter "z"), in contrast to 2-dimensional works which only have length and width. (x and y).

Three-dimensional works of art can be used to describe Indonesia's pre-independence history. They can also serve as vehicles for religious belief, entertainment and teaching about Indonesia's ancient history.

Principle 3D art are the principles that underlie how parts in a work are mixed together to have art. The beauty and aesthetic value of a work of art can only be judged by how well its many components work together harmoniously.

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