Purpose of Environmental Education
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Humans cannot exist in a vacuum; cannot be separated from the living things that make up their environment. Starting from shelter, food sources, to daily activities are very important to ensure the creation of a healthy and sustainable environment in the future.
One technique to raise awareness is through environmental education (PLH). It is important to teach children about the environment from an early age, both at home and in the real world.
Environmental education provides guidance to the community so as not to damage the environment, which will have an impact on themselves and other organisms. The following is the definition, objectives, and benefits of environmental education:
Definition of Environmental Education
Starting from the DLH Bantul Regency website, environmental education is defined as a process to create a global human population that is aware and cares about the total environment (as a whole) and all the problems associated with it and people who have the knowledge, skills, attitudes and commitment to work together, individually and collectively, to solve current environmental problems and prevent new ones from arising.
Environmental education (PLH), according to Sudjoko, MS, "changes a person's attitude and behavior towards the environment". People who previously did not care about the environment should change to care about their environment.
Environmental Education is one of the embodiments of Law Number 32 of 2009 concerning Preservation and Management of the Environment, specifically Article 65 paragraph 2 which states that one of the people's rights is to obtain environmental education.
Scope of Environmental Education
By looking at the amount of waste (household, industrial, transportation) in rivers, beaches; illegal cutting of trees without replanting and excessive exploitation of non-renewable resources, we conclude that environmental education (PLH) is still very much needed.
In fact, it must be taught consistently at all levels so that the majority of our country has knowledge about the need for superior quality of the environment.
Important factors used in learning PLHIV include cognitive and emotional factors. The cognitive aspect includes the process of understanding and maintaining the balance of other components.
In order for students to produce their own PLH materials, teachers must first provide them with content that they must learn and understand. The behaviors, attitudes, and commitments needed to develop a sustainable society can all be included in PLHIV through the use of affective elements.
In PLH, it is very important to provide opportunities for students to create skills that can enhance their problem-solving abilities. Some of the skills needed to overcome difficulties are as follows:
- Learn to communicate and listen effectively, as well as persuade others to see your point of view.
- Survey design, literature research, interviews, and data analysis.
- Group work skills (group processes): leadership, decision-making, and collaboration.
The scope of PLHIV is environmental education through formal, non-formal and informal channels carried out by all stakeholders with targets on various aspects, including:
- The associated HR in the plh object
- Facilities and infrastructure
- Communication and information
- Community role
The method of applying Plh's learning objectives is so that students have information, attitudes and behavior that are reasonable and responsible for nature and the implementation of sustainable development.
Development of Environmental Education
The following is the development of environmental education below:
- Development of International Level Environmental Education
- Development of Environmental Education at the ASEAN Level
- Environmental Education in Developing Indonesia.
Purpose of Environmental Education
In 1975, an international workshop on EMO was held in Belgrade, Jugoslavia, which resulted in a declaration among EMO participating countries known as the "Belgrade Charter-a Global Framework for Environmental Education."
In short, the goals of environmental education as defined in the Belgrade Charter are:
- Educate people in urban and rural areas about how economic, social, political, and environmental factors are interrelated.
- Providing opportunities for everyone to acquire the knowledge, skills, attitudes, behaviors, motivation and commitment needed to work individually and collectively to address current environmental problems and prevent future problems from arising.
- People's behavior towards the environment needs to be changed in such a way that it affects everything.
- Students can learn about environmental conservation and management through courses in environmental education.
Environmental Education Component
The following are components of environmental education:
- Awareness and sensitivity to the environment and environmental issues
- Knowledge of the environment and environmental issues
- Commitment to improve environmental quality and change one's feelings about the environment
- Recognize environmental skills and contribute to their resolution
- Participation in actions that contribute to addressing environmental problems
Environmental education does not endorse any particular point of view or action. In contrast, environmental education teaches students how to consider different sides of a topic through critical thinking and enhances their own problem-solving and decision-making skills.
Benefits of Environmental Education
The following are various kinds of benefits of environmental education:
Instilling Respect for Nature
Environmental education teaches students to learn why it is so important to respect Mother Earth and, therefore, how to reap the benefits and wonders that nature brings. For example, a popular subject in Australia encourages children to understand the consequences of littering and become more responsible individuals.
Teaching Children About Environmental Challenges
In addition to environmental issues, PLHIV teaches students about various other issues that impact our environment. Therefore, it provides an opportunity for individuals to participate in global efforts to protect the environment.
Additionally, environmental education gives students a head start in their future jobs by providing them with the necessary knowledge and skills to succeed in their chosen field.
Practice the Importance of Being Kind to Nature
Being kind to other people, both animals and other people, is part of this. PLWHA educate children about the importance of treating each other well. Children are taught that the environment is just as important as caring for the things that make up the environment. This includes people and animals around them, both domestic and wild.
Enables the Development of Critical Thinking Skills
Discussions and teaching about environmental education encourage students to analyze and assess situations that affect the environment.
This in turn helps children to make judgments and choices based on their assessment of situations in relation to the environment. Due to this process, children learn important life skills such as how to think critically.
Teaches Them To Be Responsible
Environmental education programs emphasize to children the importance of being responsible citizens. This applies to every person as well as the entire generation as a whole.
Helping Governments Achieve Their Goals
The main objective of any government is to protect its citizens and their property. The same is true when it comes to taking care of the environment in which people live. Environmental education initiatives in schools substantially help the government's efforts to protect the environment.
It is important to teach children about the environment from an early age, both at home and in the real world. People who were previously not aware of the environment should care about their environment.
Environmental Education (PLH) was adopted by UNESCO as part of the 1977 Tbilisi Declaration. The scope of PLHA is environmental education through formal, non-formal and informal channels carried out by all stakeholders.