Get to know the types of car engines and how they work

Lovata Andrean

Get to know the types of car engines and how they work – Before buying your dream car, it's a good idea to first know the type of car engine and how the car works depending on its configuration. Come on, take a look at the article below.

Many people own cars, but they seem to lack knowledge about the different types of engines and how to properly maintain them.

In fact, knowing the type of engine in a car is an asset for someone who really loves cars and wants to make a difference in their maintenance.

Car evaluations today almost always include information about the car's engine type. Call it an inline-four, V8, boxer, rotary, hybrid, or electric car.

So, if we don't know what this expression means, it will certainly make us confused. Actually, this type of engine has its own characteristics which will ultimately affect the character of a car. Like a character, of course there are pros and cons.

Types of Car Engines

Inline Inline Engine

In Indonesia, car engines with inline inline configuration are most often used. Cars with in-line or straight engines are more common on city streets, as can be seen just by looking at them. As the name suggests, this type of engine has a parallel or aligned cylinder/piston arrangement.

Fuel economy is an advantage of this type of inline engine due to its compactness and light weight engine. This is why most cars usually use this type of car engine configuration.

Additionally, this type of machine is very affordable to build and maintain. Tuners also know that an inline configuration makes it easier to tune, especially an inline-four.

Due to this, the engine mass is distributed more evenly throughout the car, making it more stable. This will disrupt the stability and handling of the car. However, this type of car engine is not without limitations. Requires large packaging or machine space due to its inline configuration. Especially on inline-six engines.

This type of engine is often known as an inline four or six. Starting from cheap machines to well-known machines such as JZ, RB, B series, 4AG, 4G63 and others. This engine configuration is favored by a number of European car manufacturers, the most loyal of which is BMW.

V-Engine Car Engine Type

The type of car engine with a V-cylinder engine configuration is usually related to power and of course the speed that the car can travel.

You must be familiar with the names V6, V8, V10 and V12 engines. Of course, more cylinders equal more area for air and fuel to burn, resulting in more power.

One of the smallest car engine layouts is an in-line four cylinder. Just compare it with the elongated inline. The V engine has a more compact size so it can accommodate many cylinders which we explained earlier. Not only from the numbers, the cylinder capacity may be even larger in a V engine so that it can produce large amounts of power.

The torque produced by this car engine configuration is also greater than that of an inline engine. It has more torque, especially at low RPM, because of the way it is built, with each pair of pistons working on both sides.

V engines are more often found in high-end or luxury cars because they have greater power and torque than other engines.

The disadvantage of V engines is that they have many moving parts, requiring greater manufacturing and maintenance expenditure. Heavy cars tend to use this engine configuration, especially as the number and volume of cars increases.

Boxer Engine

The flat or boxer type car engine is one of the most unusual car engine layouts. Unlike other types of engines, the position of the cylinders in a flat/boxer car engine is horizontal, sometimes also called horizontal.

Although flat car engines and boxer engines appear the same, there are slight variations in the configuration in which they are put together. In a Boxer engine, each cylinder has its own crankpin, but in a Flat engine, one crankpin is used for a pair of cylinders facing each other.

As a result, in a boxer car engine, the opposing pistons approach each other before moving away. The gloves of two fighters clap against each other. In a flat engine, opposing pistons move side by side. However, in general life, the meaning of boxer and flat car engine designs is usually equated.

This type of boxer car engine configuration has a low center of gravity so the car has good stability and handling. Due to the reduced stress on the crankshaft, boxer/flat engines are also known as smooth engines.

The disadvantage of this boxer car engine configuration is that it has rather large dimensions. Maintenance may be difficult, especially if engine room clearance is poor. The sound produced by a boxer or flat engine may be stronger than that of an inline engine. But it is really this trait that is the main attraction for devotees.

Rotary Machine Type

Talking about small things, the rotary car engine configuration is the winner. Simple but really effective. This machine has an excellent power-to-weight ratio. Great power can be produced from small dimensions and low weight.

Because they contain so few moving parts, these machines are small and cost-effective to manufacture. Additionally, rotary engines are also high RPM or fast rotation engines!

The rotary engine configuration adds a different engine to this machine, making it a favorite among motorcycle enthusiasts. It's still a smooth and thirsty machine, despite its small size and impressive engine.

This type of rotary engine configuration works by pumping oil into the rotor housing so that the burned oil will drastically change exhaust emissions.

This also implies that oil will continue to run low, and we must be vigilant in monitoring and refilling oil. Due to the low compression of these engines, some of the gasoline is left unburned. This has a significant impact on emissions and fuel economy.

The temperature difference between the housing and rotor causes the sealing of this machine to become sensitive to work less than optimally or even be damaged. It is for this reason that the reconditioning process for rotary car engines takes a long time. It's important to do this simple step if you want your engine to work well and use the least amount of fuel.

Hybrid Engine

Next, there is a hybrid engine type that combines two power sources, namely from a regular engine and an auxiliary battery. With this setup, a hybrid car with an internal combustion engine and an electric motor may be more responsive and use less gas.

Electric Machine

Unlike hybrids which use conventional engines, electric cars have eliminated the engine so that their power source comes entirely from rechargeable batteries.

Indonesia is no exception when it comes to embracing the age of electric vehicles as a way to reduce global pollution levels. The advantages of electric cars include low emissions, high power, and of course a futuristic appearance. Lastly, and perhaps most importantly, minimize pollution in the air.


Knowing the type of engine in a car is an asset for someone who loves cars. In Indonesia, car engines with inline inline configuration are most often used.

This type of engine has its own characteristics which will ultimately affect the character of a car. The V engine has a more compact size so it can accommodate many cylinders.

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Lovata Andrean

Hi, I'm Lovata, I'm not Ai but I am a content writer for SEO, Technology, Finance, Travel, Cooking Recipes and others. I hope this can be useful for all my friends. Thanks