Development of Information Technology in Brief – With the advancement of technology, there are two bad results and two good effects regarding today's technology. Now the development of information technology that you need to know, let's see the article below.

Along with the times, the development of information technology can make it easier for people to watch news programs and search for various information circulating in cyberspace.

There is a wealth of information available to us today, starting with the news we read on social media, that can help us take advantage of the many opportunities we have today.

We also need to realize that technology allows all activities to be carried out quickly and efficiently, because this will be very beneficial for our business in the future.

History of the Development of Information Technology

According to Daniel Chandler and Rod Munday in A Dictionary of Media and Communication (2011: 211).

Information Technology generally synonymous with computers and computer networks but broader in the sense of designing various technologies used to collect, store, process and/or distribute information electronically, including television and telephone.

Several businesses related to information technology include computer hardware, software, electronics, semiconductors, internet, telecommunications, and e-commerce.

Information technology consists of computer technology, communication technology, telecommunications technology, optical communication systems, satellite communication systems, computer communication technology, and CD and DVD technology.

The emergence of human civilization coincided with the emergence of information technology. Humans are known to be ready to adopt new technologies to increase the speed and quality of their communication.

From the particular literature, the evolutionary history of information technology can be classified into four eras: the pre-mechanical period, the mechanical era, the electromechanical era and the electronic era.

1. Prehistory to 3000 BC

In prehistoric times, early humans communicated through information on cave walls, they told their hunting experiences and the animals they hunted.

At that time, ancient humans painted to represent various things they wanted to say, chatter between humans was limited to grunts, sign language, and hand gestures.

2. History 3000SM to 1400M

In historical times, communication technology evolved for the better, the process of drawing on the wall is still going on.

However, the method developed again by using symbols such as during the life of the Sumerians who used pictograph letters in Efa 3000 BC.

After the period of 2900 BC hieroglyphics appeared by the ancient Egyptians. From 1570 to 1054 BC, the writing system developed during the Shang dynasty in China.

Meanwhile, entering the period of 500 BC, the Ancient Egyptians used papyrus trees as sertas. Papyrus tree fibers were inscribed with various information.

Furthermore, Tsai Lun, who came from the Chinese, found paper from bamboo fiber and made it possible to print using wooden blocks obtained and smeared with ink.

3. Modern 1400 to Present

In modern times like today, communication technology has made it possible for information to spread very widely.

At this time, newspapers, telegraphs, telephones, typewriters, radio, television and the internet were found which made it easier for a person to communicate while providing information more quickly.

Information Technology History Period

Some of these periods still have an impact on human existence today. What follows is a detailed history of the evolution of information technology.

The Pre-Mechanical Era

The pre-mechanical period is the time when people first started communicating using language as a mode of communication or the drawings on cave walls.

In addition to the creation of a system of letters, or an alphabet and number system, some of the additional technologies invented at this time include paper, pens, books, and calculators.

The history of the evolution of information technology in pre-mechanical times spans from 3000 BC to 1450 AD. The Sumerians in Mesopotamia invented writing around 3000 BC.

Before writing was developed, the Sumerians communicated using language which they documented using crude drawings. They wrote on clay tablets and then designed what we know as cuneiform, or wedge-shaped, writing.

Then, around 2600 BC, the ancient Egyptians started writing on papyrus. The Ancient Egyptians were also the first to invent a number system. Subsequently, around 2000 BC, the Phoenicians, who lived along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, devised a different symbol.

The only Semitic prototype was used to create the Phoenician alphabet around 1200 BC. The Greek alphabet that we use today has its roots in the Phoenician script.

With the invention of the alphabet and paper system, people then tried to store what they wrote in storage. This is where the first books and libraries started to appear.

India invented the earliest 1-9 numeral system, which started appearing during the pre-mechanical age. More than seven centuries later, zero was invented.

Humans created tools to work with numbers when they found ways to represent them. The tool is a calculator, which is the initial marker of information processing.

The ancient calculator, or abacus, is one such piece of technology that was invented in the pre-mechanical age after the invention of the number system.

Mechanical Age Information Technology

The mechanical period is the era in which we first begin to recognize the relationship between technology that we use now and in the past.

From 1450 to 1840, the world of information technology was dominated by the mechanical revolution. The first information explosion occurred during the mechanical period.

This is highlighted by Johann Gutenberg's creation of the printing press and the growth of books. Various other new technologies that were also created during the mechanical age were computers.

Apart from that, another technology that was also present in the mechanical era was the Pascaline, a very famous mechanical computer built by Blaise Pascal. In addition to many new technological innovations, several different devices were produced in the mechanical age, such as the calculator.

Electromechanical Age

The electromechanical era was the beginning of telecommunications as we know it today. Telecommunications are equipment and procedures used to convey information over long distances via cable, radio or satellite without being damaged or lost due to interference.

The electromechanical period itself spanned more than a century between 1840 and 1940. Electromechanical technologies such as the lithium battery (late 18th century), the telegraph (in the 18th century), Morse code (developed in 1835 by Samuel Morse), the telephone of Alexander Graham Bell (1876), Guglielmo Marconi's radio (1894), and many others (including the radio in 1894), have made many groundbreaking inventions possible.

Another technology invented in the electromechanical period is the digital computer. Around 1940, Harvard University developed the Mark 1, the world's first large-scale automated digital computer.

The computer is 8 feet high, 50 feet long, 2 feet wide and weighs approximately 5 tons. At the same time, the idea of satellite communication technology was developing. Modern information technology can be seen as the beginning of one of these technologies.

Electronic Age Information Technology

The electronic age is the period that we live in now. Since 1940, we have lived in the era of electricity. Some of the important inventions in the electronic era were the first high-speed computer that used a vacuum tube called ENIAC.

The first computer storage programs, the first commercial computer called the UNIVAC, and various evolutions of computer technology, satellite communications technology, and fiber-optic communications systems.

The ENIAC, or Electronic Numerical Integrator Computer, was the first high-speed digital computer that was reprogrammed to solve a wide variety of computer problems. ENIAC was created for use by the United States military.

This machine is larger than the Mark 1. While the first commercial computer is UNIVAC, Universal Automatic Computer. Computer technology is classified into many historical groups called "generations".

What is meant by "computer generation" is the period of development of computer technology which includes hardware and software components. In addition, the generation of computers also shows the progress of the computer industry.

Information Technology Generation

Following provides a list of information technology generations that you need to know, namely:

1. First (1945-1956)

In the second half of the 1940s, the first computers started to appear on the market. In the first generation, computers used vacuum tubes and were very large. The internal storage area of this generation is a rotating magnetic drum.

2. Second (1956-1963)

Many solid technologies, including transistors, magnetic tape, and magnetic cores, were developed by William Shockley et al. for use as internal storage capacity for second generation computers.

These gadgets are housed in vacuum tubes, which can increase computer speed and reduce everything else. Second generation computers were smaller than first generation computers and cheaper to manufacture. FORTRAN and COBOL were also developed during this generation period.

3. The Third (1964-1971)

Magnetic tape and metal oxide semiconductors from the third generation of computers are still in use.

In the third generation, computers contained storage and output devices such as visual display terminals, magnetic ink readers, high-speed printing devices, and IC chips that could increase the speed of computers.

The actual operating system debuted around this time, along with the enhanced BASIC programming language. Third generation computers were smaller and cheaper.

4. Fourth (1971-present)

In fourth generation computers, the CPU, or central processing unit, is used, which consists of memory, logic, and control circuits all on a single chip.

In 1971, the top US company, Intel, created an integrated circuit device called the microprocessor. A series of microcomputers known as the Allple Series, invented by Steve Wozniak in 1976, are now the most advanced computers on the market.

5. Fifth (Present)

Newer fifth generation computers include computers with the most advanced processing, memory storage, and cognition capabilities, all of which are referred to as "fifth generation" computers. The term "artificial intelligence" refers to the fifth generation of computers.

The combination of computer and laser technology gives rise to discs of information in a small form. The optical disk is thin and circular in shape and may contain information and data that is written to and read through the use of a laser beam.

CDs, CD ROMs, and DVDs are the three most common types of optical discs used to store data.

The information age has started as a result of the electronic age. There has been a shift from the conventional sector to an information-based business economy in the information age. The information age is often associated with the digital revolution, because the industrial revolution is related to the industrial period.

Judging from the history of the development of communication technology and the development of communication tools based on new media theory, the internet is the most recent information and communication technology discovered by humans.

The definition of the Internet began in the early 1960s, but the Internet itself was discovered along with the development of the World Wide Web in 1989 by Tim Berners-Lee and revealed to the world in 1991.

The Internet has now become a worldwide platform for enhancing the flow of information. People around the world can achieve anything thanks to the internet in a global environment of technology.

Through the internet, we can search for various types of information and entertainment that we need; we can communicate online with people who are geographically far apart, we can work online without having to be in the office, we can also shop through online shop sites which are now mushrooming, we can order food through applications, we can take online exams ; etc.

With the widespread use of the internet as a means of communication, now we enjoy various conveniences.

The internet has changed our pattern of communication into contemporary communication because now we use a lot of modern communication media when talking or dealing with other people.

Questions and Answers Regarding the Development of Information Technology

Below we have summarized some frequently asked questions about the development of information technology, as follows:

1. What is Information Technology Development?

Information technology is a technology that is built on the main basis of computer technology. The continuous development of technology brings the main application of this technology to data processing which ends in information.

2. What are the positive impacts of the development of information technology?

One of the positive impacts of the development of information technology is to speed up communication and facilitate the work of individuals or groups.


Information Technology generally synonymous with computers and computer networks but broader in the sense of designing various technologies used to collect, store, process and/or distribute information electronically, including television and telephone.

Thus information about the development of information technology in brief, I hope the articles we provide above can be useful and helpful for all of you.

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