10 differences between hardware and software with examples

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There are two kinds of devices that make computers or other electronic equipment operate: hardware and software. we will discuss the differences between the two in this section.

It's easy to tell the difference between hardware and software; all you have to do is translate words from english to indonesian.

Meanwhile, hardware shows hardware that is related to the actual components of a computer and can be handled directly by hand.

Definition of Hardware

On the other hand, software is software that messes with the set of instructions given to the computer to make it do something.

However, it remains to be clarified further what is meant by hardware and software, including the differences between the two.

Hence, for those of you who are curious about the difference between software and hardware and examples of hardware and software, here is an essay for you.

Definition of Hardware

Say "hardwarerefers to any part of a computer or other electronic device that is made of metal, plastic, or glass.

The term "hardware" here refers to the actual physical part of the computer, as opposed to the computer itself. The hardware itself consists of the electrical devices used to build the computer.

Hardware consists of many parts, from input devices to input devices and output devices to output devices.

The following is a description of what is meant by secondary storage devices and internal components:

The term "input device" refers to any hardware or software used to provide data to a computer. Typing on the broadcast bar of Google Chrome or even Microsoft Office Word can be done with a keyboard like this one.

In other words, an output device is the part of your computer hardware that actually displays what you see on your computer screen.

Where the monitor is a Visual Display Unit [VDU] which displays data or images from a computer or printer that allows you to print text onto actual paper.

In computing, secondary storage refers to a device that stores data until a newer device is loaded and the old one is removed and overwritten.

Due to its ability to permanently store information, nonvolatile memory is the common name for this type of storage device. Hard drives, CDs, DVDs, floppy disks and Solid State Drives are some of the most basic examples of these.

Definition of Software

Internal components are parts that are directly related to the main operation of the computer, such as the CPU, RAM, ROM and motherboard.

Examples include the arithmetic and logic central processing unit (CPU) and control unit (CU), which serve as the main execution unit of a computer.

ALU operates to perform mathematical calculations and logic operations, while CU carries control signals to operate other components.

So, what are some examples of hardware or hardware on a computer? There are several, starting from the processor, memory, monitor, printer, keyboard, mouse, and central processing unit or CPU, and so on.

Definition of Software

A computer's hard drive contains software, which is a collection of computer code or scripts that have been placed there.

These programs consist of instructions, methods, and documents that tell a computer how to use its own network and software to do things.

That's why many people think that this software is a programming code that will be executed by a computer processor.

System software and application software are the two main categories of software currently in use.

System software provides the operation, control, and expansion of computer processing capabilities. Because it can operate hardware and software, this kind of device is very important.

In effect, it serves as a link between computer hardware and computer users. Most computer manufacturers produce system software using commonly used programming languages such as C, C++, and Assembly language.

The simplest examples of system software include computer operating systems, compilers, assemblers, interpreters, and device drivers.

Application software, or application software, which can also be called application software, is an application that is created explicitly to fulfill user requests for the device.

The simplest example is MS Office Word, which allows users to generate documents or perhaps spreadsheets that allow one to create financial reports, including database management systems or database management systems [DMBS] that help you store data in databases.

Hardware and Software Differences

Let's take a look at some real-world software applications. There are many examples, such as Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Google Chrome, Photoshop, MySQL, and many more.

Hardware and Software Differences

This is the obvious difference between computer hardware and software:

Basic DifferencehardwareSoftware
DefinitionHardware is the physical part of the computer that allows data to be processed.Software is a collection of instructions that tell a computer what to do.
MakingProducedDeveloped and engineered
FunctionWithout software, hardware is helpless.On the other hand, software cannot operate without hardware.
FormHardware is a real electrical device that you can hold in your hands.Software can be seen and also used to fulfill different tasks, but cannot be touched in the real sense.
CategoryHardware falls into four basic categories, including input devices, output devices, storage, and internal components.System software, application software, and programming software all fall under the umbrella term "software".
VirusHardware is not affected by viruses.Software can be infiltrated by computer viruses.
TransferThere is no way to electrically move hardware from one location to another over a network.Software programs can be sent electronically over the Internet or through other means of sending files.
renewalIf the hardware is damaged, it can be replaced with new equipment.If the software is corrupted, a backup or raw copy can be used for reinstallation.
ExampleKeyboard, Mouse, Monitor, Printer, CPU, Hard Disk, RAM, ROM and so onMicrosoft OfficeWord, MS. Excel, PowerPoint, Photoshop and so on

For example, to access this web page on a computer, you need the mouse to scroll to move the pointer. Well, this mouse is hardware because it can be seen, touched, and is available in various variants.

The purpose of the mouse is to move the pointer. And the cursor cannot be handled or purchased at a computer retailer. It can only be viewed and performed according to the instructions provided by the user.

That is, both need each other. We cannot use the software if we do not have the necessary hardware. The opposite also happened.

Types of Hardware and Software

Below are the types of Hardware and Software, as follows:

Types of Hardware and Software

Hardware Type

Here are the types of hardware you need to know:

  1. CPU (Central Processing Unit) – is the brain of the computer and is responsible for carrying out instructions and controlling the operation of the computer.
  2. RAM (Random Access Memory) - is a temporary storage area for data and instructions that are being executed by the CPU.
  3. Hard Disk Drive (HDD) – is a permanent storage area for data and programs.
  4. Graphics card – used to produce a visual display on the monitor.
  5. Keyboard – used to enter text and commands into the computer.
  6. Mouse – used to control the movement of the cursor on the screen and give commands to the computer.
  7. Monitor – displays the visual display of the computer.
  8. Printer – used to print documents and pictures.

Software Type

The following types of software you need to know:

  1. Operating System (OS) – is the software that manages and controls all computer resources. Some examples of OS are Microsoft Windows, macOS, and Linux.
  2. Productivity applications – software used to assist in productivity such as word processing, data processing, presentations, and others. Some examples of productivity apps are Microsoft Office, Google Workspace, and Adobe Creative Suite.
  3. Security applications – software used to protect computers from threats such as viruses and malware. Some examples of security applications are antiviruses such as Avast, Norton, and McAfee.
  4. Multimedia applications – software used to play, edit, or create audio and video. Some examples of multimedia applications are Adobe Premiere Pro, VLC Media Player, and Spotify.
  5. Games – software used to play games. Some examples of games are Fortnite, Minecraft, and Valorant.


There are various kinds of hardware and software that have their own standards. However, its use is still being explored. There will be specification revisions, both hardware and software, to meet all the demands of the project or daily activities.

In the end, software and hardware development will always consider many advantages. As a result, users will think about how you can make better use of it in more tasks.

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