How to Check Ip Addresses and Know the Types of Ip Addresses in Windows and MAC
How to Check Ip Addresses and Know the Types of Ip Addresses in Windows and MAC – IP Address is defined as an address to identify the device via the internet or local network. By knowing how to check the IP address on the device, users can easily connect to the internet and online access.
IP stands for Internet Protocol. The Internet Protocol is used to control the format of data sent over the internet or local network.
In short, an IP address is a numeric label on a device to connect to and send information to computer networks that use the internet for communication.
The internet requires steps to compare between computers, routers, and other websites. IP Address provides a way to compare and is an important part of how the internet works.
IP Address consists of four lines of numbers, for example 220.127.116.11. Each number in a series starts with the numbers 0 to 255. So, the range of IP Address numbers can start from 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255.
According to Kaspersky, IP Address numbers are not random numbers, but are mathematically generated and distributed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA).
How to Check IP Address
Then, how do we check our IP Address for both Windows and Mac devices? According to Avast's official website, there is a way to check the IP address according to your device type.
- Right-click on the Windows logo in the lower left corner of the screen, then select Settings.
- Click Network and Internet (Network & Internet)
- Select WiFi or Ethernet in the menu options on the left, but depending on whether you're connected online
- wirelessly or via an Ethernet cable
- Click Network in the middle column. Your IP address appears in the next window in the IPv4 Address option.
Windows 8 or 8.1
- Click the Network Connection icon and select Open Network and System Sharing (Open
- Network and Sharing System)
- Double-click Wireless Network Connection or if you are using
- wired connection, double-click Local Area Connection
- Click Details and your IP address will appear.
- Click the Network Connection icon and select Open Network and Sharing.
- Double-click Wireless Network Connection or Local Area Connection
- Click Details and your IP address appears.
After knowing how to check the IP Address for the Windows operating system, here's how to check the IP Address for Mac:
- Scroll or pull down the Apple menu and select System Preferences
- Pull down the View menu and select Network.
- In the left column, click Network Connection, generally Ethernet or WiFi depending on whether you have a wired or wireless connection
- For Ethernet connections, the IP address will be displayed immediately
- As for the WiFi connection, click the Advanced option in the lower right corner then click TCP/IP at the top of the window then the IP address is displayed.
Types of IP Addresses
There are different types of IP addresses for each category. The first IP address is grouped based on the consumer IP address category which includes private IP addresses and public IP addresses.
Consumer IP Addresses
The private and public IP addresses are associated with network locations. Private IP Address is used in a network while the public is used outside the network. Here's the description.
- Private IP Address or Private IP Address
Every device connected to your internet network has a private IP address, including PCs, smartphones, bluetooth speakers, printers, and Smart TVs (smart televisions).
With the development of the Internet of Things (IoT), the number of private IP addresses may increase.
Your router needs a way to identify individual IP Address items and many items need a way to identify each other.
- Public IP Address or Public IP Address
Public IP Address is the address used by all devices outside the internet network to identify your network.
Your public IP address is assigned to the router by the ISP. Typically, ISPs have a large pool of IP addresses that are distributed to customers.
This address has two forms of categories namely dynamic and static. Dynamic Public IP Address changes automatically and periodically.
ISPs buy a large number of IP addresses and assign them automatically to their customers. Periodically, they assign and re-enter old IP addresses into the pool for other customers to use.
The rationale of this approach is to generate cost savings for ISPs (internet service providers).
Automating the regular switching of IP addresses means there's no need to take specific action to reassign a customer's IP address if it moves, for example.
In contrast to dynamic, static addresses are consistent. This means that after the network assigns an IP address, the address will remain the same even if you change places.
While most individuals and businesses don't need a static IP address, for businesses planning to host their own servers, it's especially important to have a static IP address.
Meanwhile, other types of IP addresses are shared and dedicated IP. This type is used by website owners who do not host their own server, and rely on a web hosting package –which applies to most websites.
- Shared IPs
With the previous explanation regarding public IP, surely you already understand that each website server has one IP address.
Shared IP is usually found on a shared hosting server. All users share all of the server's resources, including the IP address.
Not only that, all domains belonging to a user also use the same IP address.
- Dedicated IP
If shared IP is shared by all users on a server, dedicated IP is only used by one domain.
Although this type of IP address is generally offered on dedicated hosting servers and cloud VPS hosting, some web hosting service providers allow their customers to use a dedicated IP on shared hosting servers.
From time to time the number of internet users will continue to grow. This is due to needs and lifestyles that continue to grow. The more internet users are, of course the role of IP addresses is increasingly needed.
IP addresses will play a vital role in connecting computer users in the internet network. As well as IP Address functions will also be useful for all users.
After knowing how to check the IP Address, this must be used properly and optimally so that users benefit each other and also do not harm others. Don't abuse the use of IP addresses so that it has a bad impact on other users.
Source : cnnindonesia.com