Types of Swimming Style and Explanations

Rancakmedia.com – Swimming is a sport that has several health benefits, to do swimming. There are several types of swimming styles that you need to know, see below the information below.

Swimming is a sport that tests a person's speed while swimming. The act of swimming requires constant movement through the water. Swimming is usually done for recreational and athletic purposes. Swimming activities are mainly carried out in the pool. Apart from swimming, swimming can also be done in the sea, river or lake.

Swimming is good for your health in many ways, such as making breathing easier, strengthening muscles and bones, lifting your body, and keeping your heart healthy.

Freestyle (free swim), butterfly stroke (butterfly stroke), backstroke, and breaststroke (or frogstroke) are the four main swimming strokes (breaststroke). Each swimming style has its own unique technique.

Definition of Swimming Sports

There are many points of view that describe the essence of this activity, but in short swimming is a sport that is done in water by moving the body (hands and feet) so as not to sink.

Long before the sport of swimming was officially founded, swimming had been done thousands of years before. An image of a swimmer found on the wall of Cave of Swimmers near Wadi Sora, Gilf Kebir, Egypt. This shows that people have been drawing and writing about swimming since ancient times.

Definition of Swimming Sports

The murals inside the cave depict humans swimming in freestyle and like animals swimming. Was there really freestyle back then? According to Badruzzaman, the existence of a wax stamp depicting four swimmers using freestyle in 400 to 900 BC, can be used as evidence that freestyle has existed since ancient times.

The ancient Romans and Greeks considered swimming ability an important evaluation for military reasons. A soldier must survive in all situations, including drowning or saving himself in the water.

Warrior and samurai roles often required a variety of skills, including the ability to ride a horse, cook, and wield an axe, as well as hunt and write poetry. According to the degree of difficulty, many types of swimming strokes listed below are arranged. So, you can do it gradually after you learn it.

Know the Types of Swimming Style

Various people and age groups can participate in swimming. Of course, in addition to being fun, swimming also carries minimal risk of injury and has many health benefits, both physically and emotionally.

If you want to master the basic swimming skills for beginners, at least you need to know freestyle (Free swim), butterfly stroke (Butterfly stroke), backstroke and breaststroke or frog style (Breaststroke).

Freestyle Swimming (Front Crawl or Freestyle)

Freestyle swimming, sometimes referred to as freestyle or front crawl, is a simple type of exercise to pick up. Swimming this way helps you quickly get through the water without having to worry about running out of steam.

Freestyle swimming is not as free as you want it to be. There are some basic steps to practice freestyle swimming, as follows.

  1. Stretch as far as you can while floating on your stomach with your face facing the water.
    Try to keep your eyes 90 degrees downward so that your posture remains straight while swimming.
    To alternately kick your leg up and down, keep it straight.
  2. Kick your feet quickly and continuously.
  3. Start with your arms straight out in front of your head and ready to alternate rowing.
  4. After pulling one hand up your thigh, remove it from the water and wait until you are ready to put it back in front of your face.
  5. When one arm is out of the water, the other arm is rowed underwater up to the thigh. Do the exercise consistently until your body is pushed forward.
  6. Turn your head to the side to inhale. This should be done using the arm that is now raised.
  7. Every time you turn, try to stick one ear in the water.
  8. Exhale as you bring your face back into the water and bring your arms back into the water.

Freestyle Swimming (Front Crawl or Freestyle)

Swimming Breaststroke (Breaststroke)

Beginners should stick to the breaststroke swimming style, sometimes known as the breaststroke. This swimming movement is comparable to frog swimming, therefore it is often referred to as the frog style. Breaststroke swimming tends to be relaxed and doesn't burn up too much energy.

The actions that need to be taken to practice breaststroke swimming are as follows:

  1. Float on your belly and facing the water, then stretch while spreading your arms out as far as you can.
  2. Straighten your legs and spread your toes.
  3. Bend your knee gently downwards, then kick it out.
  4. After that, pull both legs back and continue this movement until smooth.
  5. Keep your head underwater and straighten your arms.
  6. Do a semi-circular rowing motion outward so that the body moves forward.
  7. At the end of each stroke, divide the water in front of you with your arms extended back under your body.
  8. As your hands come together, take a deep breath and raise your head. Return your head to the water and exhale as you paddle.

Swimming Backstroke (Backstroke)

Unlike other swimming styles, swimming backstroke or backstroke uses the back as a support. People with back problems should use it as a swimming technique because it helps strengthen the muscles in the back.

In general, backstroke is comparable to freestyle. Go deeper, you can see the stages of backstroke swimming below.

  1. Floating on your back, ears right in the water, and eyes looking up.
    After that, try to stretch your body as much as possible.
  2. Straighten your legs then kick your legs up and down alternately.
    Knees should remain underwater with toes making a small splash.
    Kick your feet quickly and continuously.
  3. Start with your arms extended to your sides. Thumbs first, straighten your arms out of the water over your shoulders.
  4. To continue, place your pinky finger in the water first.
    Submerge your arms up to your thighs in the water and hold them there. Maintain a continuous line with one arm submerged and the other arm ready to come off the thigh.
  5. You can take as many breaths as you need, or at least once while rowing.

Swimming Butterfly Style (Butterfly Stroke)

The most difficult swimming stroke, the butterfly, can be described as "impossible." The most efficient way to lose weight is to swim butterfly, which burns the most calories per minute. To learn butterfly swimming, you have to practice with an instructor so you can do it right.

Swimming Butterfly Style (Butterfly Stroke)

Here are the stages of swimming the butterfly style that you need to know first.

  1. Stretch as far as you can while floating on your stomach with your face facing the water.
  2. Move your body from head to toe, whipping, bending and straightening your knees, like a dolphin swimming. Make sure you keep your feet together.
  3. Take a deep breath and dip both hands into the water at the same time, parallel to your shoulders.
    Then, swing your arms at your hips to produce a push. Pull your arms above the surface of the water and you're ready to start again.
  4. To inhale, press your chin toward the surface of the water near the end of the thrust. When your arms return to the water, return your face to the water and exhale.

Benefits of Swimming for Body Health

One of the many benefits of swimming is that it can be done by almost anyone, and it works all the muscles of the body while reducing the risk of injury.

Here are the benefits of swimming with different styles that you do for your health.

  1. Gives a thorough workout to the body, because almost all muscles are actively engaged during swimming.
  2. Reducing some of the effects of stress, as well as making the body more relaxed.
  3. Improves coordination, balance, flexibility and posture.
  4. Helps maintain and lose weight by burning more calories than other sports.
  5. Providing therapy that has a positive impact on some injuries and conditions, such as sprains of the foot.
  6. Helps prevent various risks of disease, such as heart disease, lung disease, stroke and type diabetes
  7. It is possible to exercise without sweat, thanks to the continuous cooling effect of water on the body.

Things to Look For Before Swimming

Swimming is a simple activity, has many benefits, and can be done by anyone. A swimsuit or shorts, goggles, drag buoy, surfboard, and fins are all required before you get started.

Things to Look For Before Swimming

According to the Better Health Channel, here are a few things to keep in mind before hitting the pool.

  1. Make sure you know the basic swimming techniques, if you're just starting out, make sure it's under the supervision of an instructor or a friend who is already proficient at swimming.
  2. Choose a swimming pool environment that is safe and comfortable.
  3. Apply sunscreen cream to your body and face if you swim in an outdoor pool.
  4. Warm up and stretch your muscles and joints before entering the water.
  5. Get used to the body in the water by taking small walks around the pool.
  6. Always provide plenty of fluids and drink regularly.


Freestyle (free swim), butterfly stroke (butterfly stroke), backstroke, and breaststroke (or frog stroke) are the main swimming strokes. Freestyle involves rowing underwater while stretching your arms and legs.

Breaststroke is similar to swimming frog, therefore it is known as frog style. It's relaxing and doesn't burn up too much energy. That's an article about the types of swimming styles, I hope the above article can be useful and help all of you.

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