How Mutual Funds Work and Steps to Start Investing

Lovata Andrean

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1 71 – Understand how mutual funds work in the following article. Mutual fund investment is a form investation which is common today. Many people use investments as a source of passive income. Likewise, with the availability of media other than financial planning programs, public knowledge about investment has increased.

Learn About Mutual Funds

Mutual funds consist of many types of funds that are managed to help invest in shares, bonds and other investment instruments. Investing in mutual funds is an easy task as they are small investments with low entry requirements.

Can be done alone or in a group, and there is an investment manager who will help you. Investing in mutual funds is regulated by state and federal law. You also don't need to worry about choosing mutual fund investments because of the Services Authority Finance (OJK) supervises mutual fund operations. You should understand the process, including the following before investing in mutual funds.

Understand How Mutual Funds Work

Understand How Mutual Funds Work

Mutual funds are an investment management structure in which there is an investment manager. Assets will be distributed to various investment vehicles or companies after due diligence.

Proving losses from your investment activities is enabled by this feature. If Company ABC goes bankrupt, your investment will be protected because you will still have other regulated instruments you can use.

Mutual funds are easy to access and have many distribution channels. With its wide availability, you can investigate issues related to investment streams, as well as learn about the well-being of the business, as well as find out about the benefits and advantages of these streams.

Set Goals

Before making an investment, it is important to identify the reasons behind it. Your investments serve one of many different funds. The investment you want to make will be linked to the type of mutual fund you choose and the time period in which you will invest. You must have a goal in mind to invest in mutual funds.

You must have an understanding of your risk profile, as well as goals. In mutual fund investing, there is always a danger of losing money. Mutual fund investments also carry the danger of earning less money, which would cause the value of the investment to decrease.

Research and Know About the Types.

Before you start investing, it is advisable to first find out the types of mutual funds available. Various mutual funds include:

a. Low Risk, Traditional Fixed Income Mutual Funds

Mutual funds whose investment funds or money are dedicated to bonds of at least 80% are called fixed income mutual funds. For the most part, their returns are higher than money market mutual funds, which are typically between 10% and 11% annually.

b. Retirement Savings Invested in Money Market Mutual Funds

SBI (Bank Indonesia Certificate) and bonds are all funds in mutual funds which only consist of deposits and bonds. This type of mutual fund has a maturity period of less than one year. Mutual funds that hold money market securities are relatively safer than other mutual funds, but have limited return potential.

c. Protected Mutual Funds

Fixed income mutual funds, these funds have investment funds held in bonds which will offer an extra layer of security at the end of the investment period. The name of a mutual fund accurately indicates its specific level of protection; You will always have 100% of your principal amount, even if you withdraw funds according to a predetermined time period.

d. Most Equity Mutual Funds Charge Sales Commissions

The goal of equity mutual funds is to include at least 80% of all funds in their fund portfolio. This suggests that, because you have the ability to earn the most profits when compared to other mutual funds, you will gain the most profits in total. However, the danger is also higher due to its 'high risk, high return' characteristic.

e. Mixed Mutual Funds

As the name suggests, mixed mutual funds invest funds in a combination of equities, bonds, and savings accounts. Mutual funds with these characteristics will outperform fixed income mutual funds while having higher risk.

Have Knowledge of Where to Get Them

Are you familiar with the funds that buy each other? To invest in mutual funds, you can purchase funds directly from an investment manager or through a broker. A license as a Mutual Fund Sales Agent also allows you to purchase mutual funds from banks that are insured by the FDIC (APERD). There are clearly advantages and disadvantages to each of these buying strategies.

Here are some steps for investing in mutual funds:

Investing in mutual funds can be done using various methods, namely as follows:

Exchange Days Are The Only Days You Can Trade.

The process is identical to creating a bank account. The registration process at the time of registration will require you to provide an original signature, collect photocopies of the required papers, and prepare an initial investment.

To register, you must have a KTP and NPWP. On the other hand, apart from including changes to the articles of association and various other requirements, institutions are required to make changes to other legal documents. To fulfill OJK's 'know your customer' concept, all of these papers are required.

This is especially relevant because investment managers receive all of these documents directly or through sales representatives. To implement the selected mutual fund product, you will deposit funds into an escrow account upon request.

Transaction Net Asset Value to be Executed (NAV)

Net asset value (NAV) is the current market value of all mutual fund assets on a daily basis. Another factor that influences the net asset value of mutual funds is demand and supply by investors. Mutual fund pricing is often reported once a day in newspapers or online.

Make sure you receive payment every day no later than the deadline mentioned above

The time limits mentioned above are between 12:00 p.m. and 13.00 Mutual funds purchased before the deadline will receive a net asset value (NAV) on the transaction date. Meanwhile, if you buy mutual funds after the cut-off time, the NAV price will be T+1 (one day after the day you bought the mutual fund) on the next trading day.

You Will Get A Confirmation Letter When Investing In Mutual Funds.

You must enter all transaction details to record the transaction. The custodian bank will give you a receipt for the mutual fund purchase transaction they carried out on your behalf. Next, you will get a monthly report detailing the success of the investment fund.

Keeping track of mutual fund holdings is highly recommended. Check with your bank or investment manager if you don't receive a deposit. That's a general list of investment methods and ideas that you should consider when investing in mutual funds.

Before you start investing, be knowledgeable and diligent. The two main ways to invest in long-term finances are through mutual funds, and through online accounting software. The accounting process can be made simpler by using accounting software, which includes financial recording and reporting.

Internet accounting software that makes bookkeeping simpler. Apart from recording all your financial transactions, you can generate reports quickly by using this application. Apart from managing inventory, you can also monitor company assets, as well as outstanding liabilities.

Jurnal's cloud-based solution gives you simple and constant access to all your financial information, wherever you are and whenever you need it. If you want complete information about the Journal, go here.


Here are the questions you need to know the answers to:

Do Mutual Funds Have to Pay Monthly?

The short answer is that you don't need to. One form of investment that is very popular among beginners is mutual funds. However, for beginners, the question often arises whether investment funds have to be paid every month, well now it has been answered.

How to Calculate Mutual Fund Profits

To calculate mutual fund income, do the following:

  1. Calculate the number of investment units x current mutual fund price
  2. Subtract the calculation results in the first step with investment capital. If the subtraction result is plus, it means profit. Conversely, if the result of the deduction is negative, it means a loss.

What are the Weaknesses of Mutual Funds?

  1. There are still risks.
  2. The growth of mutual funds depends on market developments.
  3. Mutual funds have high costs, such as giving commissions to investment managers.
  4. Lack of transparency in investment ownership.


Mutual fund investment is a common form of investment today. There is always a danger of losing money, which would cause the value of the investment to decrease. Mutual funds can be done alone or in groups, and there are investment managers who will help you.

Mutual funds that have money market effects are relatively safer than other mutual funds, but have limited potential returns. Investing in mutual funds can be done by purchasing funds directly from an investment manager or through a broker.

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Lovata Andrean

Hi, I'm Lovata, I'm not Ai but I am a content writer for SEO, Technology, Finance, Travel, Cooking Recipes and others. I hope this can be useful for all my friends. Thanks