Goals of the World Health Organization and its Duties

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Goals of the World Health Organization and its Duties

Rancakmedia.com – The following is an explanation of the world health organization that you need to know about the goals and duties of the world health organization. Come on, read the article below carefully.

Regarding WHO, World Health Organization: There are world health organizations that are active in topics that touch global health. The UN agency appointed as the world health coordinator formed this organization.

So, what exactly does WHO mean? Therefore, on this occasion we will explain the meaning of WHO, the history of the founding of WHO, the functions of WHO, and the objectives of WHO in a comprehensive and easy to understand manner.

For more information, please look at the evaluation below carefully.

Understanding the World Health Organization

WHO stands for "World Health Organization" WHO is a United Nations agency headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, and was founded on April 7, 1948. Its role includes coordinating efforts throughout the world to improve public health.

WHO consists of a Representative Body (The World Health Assembly) and an Executive Board (Executive Board). Every March, the World Health Organization (WHO) convenes its executive council, which includes representatives from 193 countries.

It is through this body that WHO member delegations choose who will become Director General, prepare the organization's budget, and consider reports from the WHO Executive Board.

WHO has the main task of fighting infectious diseases such as influenza and HIV. as well as non-communicable diseases such as cancer and heart disease.

WHO also works to ensure the health and well-being of mothers and children so that they have long and healthy lives.

Vaccines, medicines, and foodstuffs all benefit from their efforts to maintain an environment that is safe for human consumption.

Member of the World Health Organization

WHO has 193 member countries and 4,500 specialized agents from around the world. The WHO organization, which is part of the UN but not part of the UN system, is required to adhere to its charter to become a member.

However, non-member countries of the United Nations may be admitted to their membership by a majority vote of the World Health Assembly.

The United Nations and the World Health Organization are organizations in which almost every country participates, although there are exceptions, such as Switzerland which is a member of the WHO but not a member of the UN.

Other than that, plan finance WHO The WHO world financial budget program is established every two years.

Through diverse funding sources, the WHO still earns from the estimated contributions paid by various member states, depending on the scale of the UN's estimates.

As well as WHO regional financial members who are still obtained from the WHO global financial budget allocation determined by the Director General for each sector.

Then, for the Southeast Asia region, the allocation from the Director General consists of amounts determined separately for regional and national operations.

Based on criteria established by regional committees, a region's director distributes national statistics to the eleven member countries. State administration accounting contributes around 75% of the total regional financial budget.

To further the fixed financial budget, WHO raises additional financial budget resources through the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNPF), implemented by WHO, and through voluntary gifts from countries, foundations and organizations .

Functions and Objectives of the World Health Organization

To achieve optimal health for all individuals in the world, WHO is working hard to achieve this goal, including by doing the following:

  1. Has the task of managing health by helping to implement restrictions on infectious diseases.
  2. Providing various health assistance to countries that need assistance
  3. Helps in improving the welfare and health of mothers and children
  4. And also encourages and helps carry out research related to the health sector.

World Health Organization Activities

  1. Coordinating international efforts to control infectious disease outbreaks such as SARS, malaria, tuberculosis, swine flu and AIDS.
  2. And WHO also sponsors programs for the prevention and treatment of this disease.
  3. In addition, WHO supports the development and distribution of safe and effective vaccines, pharmaceutical diagnostics and medicines.
  4. Participates in working to eradicate disease, and also carries out campaigns related to health. For example, to increase fruit and vegetable consumption throughout the country and to prevent tobacco use.
  5. Then introduce capacity building in member countries to use and produce research that meets national needs, by anchoring national research health systems and promoting translational knowledge platforms such as the Evidence Policy Information Network EVIPNet.
  6. Also conducting health research on infectious diseases, non-communicable conditions and also injuries, such as longitudinal studies on aging to determine whether the additional years we live in good or poor health.
  7. Then does the electromagnetic field around cell phones have an impact on health?
  8. Has a target of eradicating polio within a few years.
  9. In addition, this organization has launched an HIV/AIDS Toolkit for the country of Zimbabwe (from 3 October 2016) with international standards.

Purpose and Scope

WHO's mission is to achieve universal access to health care for all people. Stopped more than a billion people from dying from medical problems.

As well as improving a person's overall health and well-being. WHO is well represented in various fields. The following areas fall under our coverage:

Universal Health Coverage

Coverage consists of:

  1. Focus in primary health care on increasing access to quality essential services.
  2. Working towards sustainable financing and financial protection.
  3. Increase access to essential medicines and health products.
  4. Train health workers and advise on workforce policies.
  5. Support community participation in national health policy. Improve monitoring, data and information.

Emergency Health

The following is what WHO does in a public health emergency:

  1. Prepare for emergencies by identifying them.
  2. Mitigate and manage risks.
  3. Prevent emergencies and support the development of necessary tools during an outbreak.
  4. Detect and respond to acute health emergencies.
  5. Supporting the delivery of essential health services in health and wellbeing weak settings.
  6. What WHO does in its efforts for health and well-being.
  7. Promote a cross-sectoral approach to health.
  8. Prioritize health in all healthy policies and settings.

World Health Organization work

Through WHO, they overcome various problems, namely:

  1. Prevention of infectious diseases
  2. Mental health promotion
  3. Climate change in developing countries and small islands.
  4. Antimicrobial resistance
  5. Elimination and eradication of high-risk infectious diseases.

World Health Organization Commitment

We at WHO stand by the values enshrined in the UN Charter. The following is our promise:

  1. Health is a complete physical, mental and social condition. And it's not just the absence of disease or weakness.
  2. Enjoy the highest attainable standards of health. This matter is one of the basic rights of every human being regardless of race, religion, politics, economic or social conditions.
  3. The health of all people is fundamental to achieving peace and security and depends on the full cooperation of individuals and states.
  4. Each country's achievements in health promotion and protection are of value to all.
  5. The healthy development of children is very important for the whole world.
  6. Expansion of knowledge regarding medical, psychological benefits, and knowledge related to achieving complete health.
  7. Informed opinion and active cooperation on the part of the public are of utmost importance in improving public health.
  8. The government has a responsibility for the health of its people which can only be fulfilled by adequate health provisions and social measures.


The World Health Organization (WHO) aims to achieve optimal health for all individuals in the world by working hard to achieve this goal through various means.

WHO's focus is on increasing access to high-quality and affordable primary health care. That's the article that we have summarized, hopefully it's useful.

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