Understanding Tourism In General Types Of Elements And Their Purpose

Rancakmedia.com – Understand the general meaning of tourism that we have provided in this article, the information is provided in detail so you can understand it just by reading here.

What is meant by tourism (tourism) actually? Individually or in small groups, people travel from one place to another in search of a sense of balance, serenity, harmony and contentment within themselves, which is often understood by the term "tourism."

Another perspective is that tourism is an activity of traveling from one place to another that is carried out by people for a certain period of time with prior preparation, where the purpose is for pleasure or pleasure, and then return to their original place.

“Pari” means together or around in Sanskrit, and “tourism,” which means travel, comes from the word “pari” in tourism. So, judging from the origin of the term, tourism can be described as an activity of traveling from one place to another, which is the destination of a destination. tour where the trip is carried out with a plan.

From the explanation of these terms, it can be said that tourism is a must for people to maintain their mental health. With tourism, one's mood can change for the better and strengthen their understanding and love for the environment.

The following is the definition of tourism in general

The definition of tourism in general is travel made to move from one place to another, a person is detained temporarily by leaving the starting place to enjoy travel or vacation activities and not with the aim of making a living at the location he visited while there (Koen Meyers, 2009) .

According to UNWTO (2008), what is meant by tourism is human activity that travels to and remains in the destination area for a maximum of one year, away from their normal habitat. recreational, commercial and other uses.

Tourism is the largest and fastest growing business in the world. Cultural tourism is a type of tourism which is getting more and more popular lately is growing in demand. Pedersen predicts some of the future developments in the future tourism industry involve growing interest in cultural tourism, much more

In search of a genuine taste of local culture and fashion, tourists flock to the area and pursue vacations that have an active and engaging consumer education component (UNESCO, 2002).

Understanding Tourism According to Experts

For a clearer picture of what tourism really is, consider the views of the following authorities:

James J. Spillane

According to James J. Spillane (1982), the notion of tourism is a travel activity that aims to get pleasure, enjoyment, knowledge, health, relaxation, carrying out obligations, pilgrimages, and other reasons.

Koen Meyers

According to Koen Meyers (2009), tourism is defined as short-term travel from one place of residence to another, which is undertaken for reasons other than settling down or earning a living, such as recreation, curiosity, or other motives.

Herman V. Schulard

Herman V. Schulard, writing in Yoeti (1996), said that tourism is a group of economic activities that are directly related to the arrival of people from outside the country, city or region through transportation routes.

Wrong Wahab

According to Salah Wahab, the notion of tourism is a human activity that is carried out consciously and obtains services alternately between individuals within a nation itself and outside it.

Which includes the temporary residence of people from various areas who seek and obtain pleasure. He lives a varied and different life compared to his previous encounters.

Hans Buchli

According to Hans Buchli (in Suwena and Widyatmaja), the notion of tourism is a temporary movement of places by a person or many people with the aim of obtaining services designed for that person by an institution that is utilized for a particular purpose.

Richard Shiite

According to Richard Sihite, the notion of tourism is a kind of travel activity carried out in the short or temporary term.

Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI)

KBBI says that tourism is any activity that has to do with travel for pleasure, tourism, or travel.

World Tourism Organization (WTO)

The World Trade Organization (WTO) defines tourism as “any activity involving the movement of people to and from places other than their usual place of residence or work.”

Types of Tourism

Destinations, geographic locations, items, and times of day are just a few of the many ways in which travel can be divided into different types of tourism. Listed below are some of the different forms of tourism, along with a description of each:

Tourism Based on Geographic Location

Local tourism is a certain type of tourism that is limited to a small area. For example Denpasar tourism, Jepara tourism, and so on.

In other words, tourism occurs in specific locations across regions or countries as a whole. For example tourism on the island of Bali, in North Sumatra, and so on.

National tourism (also known as domestic tourism) is tourism that occurs within the boundaries of a country and attracts tourists from within the country as well as from abroad. Take, for example, Indonesian tourism.

In particular, travel that occurs within a small international territory but crosses the borders of at least two or three countries within the region is referred to as “regional-international tourism.” As an illustration, consider the case of ASEAN tourism.

Tourism Based on Travel Destinations

Business tourism is a type tourist when tourists come for the purpose of official work, trade business, seminars, conferences, and others.

Vocational tourism is actually a form of tourism when tourists come with the aim of taking a vacation or spending their free time. Educational Tourism, meaning a form of tourism when tourists come to study or do a review,

Familiarization Tourism, especially the type that wants to learn about an item or place related to tourism.

It is possible to go on holiday with the aim of learning more about a particular scientific topic through what is known as “Scientific Tourism”

Special Purpose Tourism is precisely a form of tourism that seeks to carry out a specific mission to be fulfilled. For example, the purpose of introducing art

Hunting tourism, especially a form of tourism that organizes hunting of animals, is a practice approved by municipal authorities for entertainment reasons only.

Tourism Based on Time of Visit

There is a special type of tourism known as seasonal tourism, which is limited to certain times of the year. As an example, consider the company WinterTourist.

Occasional tourism, which is a type of tourism whose travel activities are associated with certain events or events, for example Sekaten in Yogyakarta.

Tourism Based on the Object

Cultural tourism is tourism undertaken to fulfill an interest in local arts and culture.

Recuperational tourism is basically a kind of tourism whose purpose is to cure certain conditions.

Commercial tourism is tourist travel with the main objective of doing business, both locally and internationally.

The type of tourism where visitors travel to see a sporting event taking place at a specific location is known as "Sports Tourism."

Political tourism is the practice of inviting tourists to view political events taking place in a particular country. For example, observing the Independence Day ceremony

The term “social tourism” refers to a type of tourism in which visitors do not go on vacation to make money for the organizers.

Religious tourism is essentially a trip to see or participate in religious events. For example like Umrah.

Tourism Based on the Means of Transport

“Land travel” refers to vacations that are mostly undertaken on foot or by car. In other words, it is the practice of going on holiday and doing it by boat. Air tourism, especially tourism trips that utilize air transportation

Tourism Based on Tourist Age

Youth tourism, especially travel planned for teenagers.

Tourism is directed and carried out by those who are over fifty-five years of age or who have retired.

Tourism Elements

Various factors contribute to the overall attractiveness of the tourism business. The following are examples of tourism-related elements:

travel agency, meaning a commercial organization that offers travel services from departure to return so that tourists get comfort.

Accommodation is a place to stay for tourists visiting a place. For example, hotels, motels, meeting locations, camping, and more.

Transportation: especially transportation services provided by the business world and the government, both land, air and sea, which are used to transport tourists.

Restaurants and catering services, especially commercial entities that serve or sell food and drinks to tourists.

Money changer, namely a company that facilitates the exchange of foreign money with local currency for the purpose of using the latter at various tourist locations. tourist attractions, meaning various performances or activities carried out in various tourist attractions. Take, for example, the allure of the arts, such as music and dance.

Souvenirs are items that tourists can buy to take home as souvenirs. Generally, the souvenirs that tourists buy are handicrafts from the local community.

Tourism Purpose and Benefits

Everyone who embarks on a journey must have a specific goal in mind. The following are some of the popular tourist attractions and their associated benefits:

Tourism Destinations

The purpose of free time is to benefit one's mental health, increase one's knowledge, and so on.

For business or business reasons, tourist visits are carried out in the context of carrying out official work or related to one's company.

Tourism Benefits

Due to the fun activities they participate in while on vacation, a person's mental health improves providing a new source of income for local people around popular tourist destinations opens up better job possibilities to improve the welfare of local people around tourist sites.

Increasing state revenues, both in the form of taxes from tourists, foreign exchange, and tourist spending while in tourist locations. Tourism can help preserve national culture and the environment.

People in the area will be more concerned about the preservation of tourist attractions such as traditional arts and culture, natural beauty, and architectural and historical riches if there are many tourists.

Understanding What is a Tourist

Basically tourists are people who participate in tourism activities. According to IUOTO (International Union of Travel Organizations), tourists are people who visit a place for more than 24 hours with the intention of enjoying it, sports, religion, holidays, research, health, and trade.

Compared to modern tourists, ancient tourists were more likely to travel as tourists for commerce, politics, or religious fervour. In this contemporary day, the reasons for travel of tourists have gone the other way, mainly for leisure and pleasure.


Tourism in general is the largest and fastest growing business in the world. The term “tourism” is derived from the word “pari” which means together or around in Sanskrit, and refers to someone who travels from one place to another for fun and enjoyment.

According to James J. Spillane, tourism in general is a travel activity that aims to get pleasure, enjoyment, knowledge, health, relaxation, carrying out obligations, pilgrimages, and others. Listed below are some of the different forms of tourism, along with a description of each.

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