The Purpose of the World Health Organization and Their Duties – The following is an explanation of the world health organization that you need to know about the goals and duties of the world health organization. Let's look at the article below carefully.

About WHO, World Health Organization: There are world health organizations that are active on topics that touch world health. The United Nations agency appointed as the world health coordinator forms this organization.

So, what exactly is WHO? Therefore, on this occasion we will explain the meaning of WHO, the history of WHO's establishment, WHO functions, and WHO goals in a comprehensive and easy to understand manner.

For more information, please see the evaluation below carefully.

Definition of the World Health Organization

Definition of the World Health Organization

WHO stands for “World Health Organization” WHO is a United Nations agency headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, and was founded on April 7, 1948. Its role includes coordinating worldwide efforts to improve public health.

WHO consists of a Representative Body (The World Health Assembly) and an Executive Board (Executive Board). Every March, the World Health Organization (WHO) convenes its executive council, which includes representatives from 193 countries.

It is through this body that WHO member delegations elect who will become the Director-General, prepare the organization's budget, and consider reports from the WHO Executive Board.

WHO has the main task of fighting infectious diseases such as influenza and HIV. and non-communicable diseases such as cancer and heart disease.

WHO also works to ensure the health and well-being of mothers and children so that they have a long and healthy life.

Vaccines, drugs and foodstuffs all benefit from their efforts to maintain a safe environment for human consumption.

Member of the World Health Organization

WHO has 193 member countries and 4,500 specialized agents from around the world. The WHO organization, which is part of the UN but not part of the UN system, is required to adhere to its charter in order to become a member.

However, non-member countries of the United Nations can be admitted to their membership by a majority vote of the World Health Assembly.

The United Nations and the World Health Organization are organizations in which almost every country participates, although there are exceptions, such as Switzerland which is a member of the WHO but not a member of the United Nations.

In addition, the WHO financial plan The WHO world budget program is set every two years.

Member of the World Health Organization

Through various funding sources, WHO still derives estimates from contributions paid by various member countries, depending on the scale of UN estimates.

As well as WHO regional financial members which are still obtained from WHO global financial budget allocations determined by the Director General for each sector.

Then, for the Southeast Asia region, the allocation from the Director General consists of an amount set separately for regional and national operations.

Based on criteria set by the regional committee, the regional director distributes national statistics among the eleven member countries. State administration accounting contributes around 75% of the total regional financial budget.

For a further fixed budget, WHO raises additional financial resources through the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNPF), implemented by WHO, and through voluntary gifts from countries, foundations, and organizations .

Functions and Purpose of the World Health Organization

To achieve optimal health for all individuals in the world, WHO is working hard to achieve this goal, inter alia by doing the following:

  1. Has the task of overcoming health by helping to carry out restrictions on infectious diseases.
  2. Providing various health assistance to countries that need assistance
  3. Also assist in improving the welfare and health of mothers and children
  4. And also encourage and help conduct research related to the health sector.

World Health Organization activities

  1. Coordinate international efforts to control outbreaks of infectious diseases such as SARS, malaria, tuberculosis, swine flu and AIDS.
  2. WHO also sponsors programs for the prevention and treatment of this disease.
  3. In addition, WHO supports the development and distribution of safe and effective vaccines, pharmaceutical diagnostics, and medicines.
  4. Also working on eradicating disease, as well as carrying out health-related campaigns. For example to increase fruit and vegetable consumption across countries and to discourage tobacco use.
  5. Then introduce capacity building in member countries to use and produce research that meets national needs, by nesting national research health systems and promoting translated knowledge platforms such as the EVIPNet Evidence Policy Information Network.
  6. It also carries out medical research on communicable diseases, non-communicable conditions and injuries, such as extending aging studies to determine whether the extra years we live in good or poor health.
  7. Then does the electromagnetic field around the cellphone have an impact on health.
  8. Have a target in the eradication of polio in a period of several years.
  9. In addition, this organization has launched an HIV/AIDS Toolkit for the country of Zimbabwe (from 3 October 2016) with international standards.

Purpose and Scope

WHO's mission is to achieve universal access to health care for all people. Stop more than a billion people from dying from medical problems.

As well as improving a person's overall health and well-being. WHO is well represented in various fields. The following areas are included in our coverage:

Universal Health Coverage

Coverage consists of:

  1. Focus on primary health care to increase access to quality essential services.
  2. Work towards sustainable financing and financial protection.
  3. Increase access to essential medicines and health products.
  4. Train health workers and advise on labor policies.
  5. Support public participation in national health policies. Improve monitoring, data, and information.

Functions and Purpose of the World Health Organization

Emergency Health

The following is what WHO does in a public health emergency:

  1. Prepare for emergencies by identifying.
  2. Mitigate and manage risk.
  3. Prevent emergencies and support the development of tools needed during outbreaks.
  4. Detect and respond to acute health emergencies.
  5. Support the delivery of essential health services in health and welfare settings.
  6. What WHO is doing in its quest for health and well-being.
  7. Promote a cross-sectoral approach to health.
  8. Prioritize health in all health policies and arrangements.

World Health Organization Jobs

Through WHO, they overcome various problems, namely:

  1. Prevention of infectious diseases
  2. Mental health promotion
  3. Climate change in developing countries and small islands.
  4. Antimicrobial resistance
  5. Elimination and eradication of high-risk communicable diseases.

World Health Organization Commitment

We at WHO stand by the values enshrined in the UN Charter. The following is our promise:

  1. Health is a complete physical, mental and social condition. And it is not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
  2. Enjoy the highest attainable standards of health. This is one of the basic rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, politics, economic or social conditions.
  3. The health of all people is the basis for achieving peace and security and depends on the full cooperation of individuals and countries.
  4. Each country's achievements in health promotion and protection are of value to all.
  5. The healthy development of children is very important for the whole world.
  6. Expansion of knowledge about the benefits of medical, psychological, and knowledge related to achieving full health.
  7. Informed opinion and active cooperation on the part of the public are of paramount importance in improving public health.
  8. The government has a responsibility for the health of its people which can only be met with adequate health provisions and social measures.


The World Health Organization (WHO) aims to achieve optimal health for all individuals in the world by working towards this goal in various ways.

WHO's focus is on increasing access to high quality and affordable primary health care. Thus the articles that we have summarized may be useful.

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