What is Tax Accounting Types and Functions

Rancakmedia.com – In the following article we will explain what tax accounting is, the types and functions that you should know about. To get more detailed information, see the article below.

Accounting provides a variety of specializations, including tax accounting, financial accounting, and management accounting. Tax accounting requires good research skills and the ability to keep up with changing laws and regulations.

What is Tax Accounting? is an important skill that all taxpayers should know. Tax accounting is very important to produce accurate tax estimates.

Basically, accounting includes several parts that may only be understood by people engaged in finance. In the world of corporate finance, tax accounting is a term and idea that is often discussed and used.

What is Tax Accounting?

Tax accounting is the process and set of rules used to create tax returns and other documents required for tax compliance. In effect, the tax accountant provides the structure and rules necessary to generate taxable income.

Each country's tax policy differs from generally accepted accounting principles in a number of ways. This is another thing to take into account.

What is Tax Accounting

This variation leads to the development of deferred tax assets and liabilities. Also, there are different requirements for VAT (Value Added Tax) accounting, transfer pricing, and cross-border transactions, all of which are covered under tax accounting.

Accounting includes tax accounting as a subcategory. Accounting is a broad subject matter that deals with the finances and financial reports of businesses and or companies. Tax accounting, on the other hand, is concerned with:

  1. Tax
  2. Tax Preparation
  3. Tax Refund
  4. Payment of taxes.

Tax accounting monitors and keeps records of money coming in or out of the company. Tax accounting is a procedure that applies to businesses, companies, and people too. The use of tax accounting is highly dependent on the amount of cash inflows and cash outflows.

Tax Accounting Function

Technically, this field of accounting does not only regulate the amount of tax that must be paid by taxpayers. Here are some other equally important tasks:

  1. A record of the company's financial transactions each year that can be used for comparison and historical taxes.
  2. For the purpose of attracting investors or other issuance efforts, we may use these as official financial reports.
  3. As an analytical tool to determine the amount of tax to be paid by companies or financial institutions in the future.

For the purpose of evaluating taxes and making long term plans. Given how important these tasks are, every data processing and financial recording must be carried out in depth and detail so that the results are in accordance with reality and can be explained. In tax accounting there is also what is termed bookkeeping and recording.

Types of Tax Accounting

Tax accounting, as said before, is not limited to one business but includes several of them.

Types of Tax Accounting

Individual Tax Accounting

For people who pay taxes, tax accounting focuses on wages, other income, investments, company income, rental income, deductions and losses as well.

Basically, anything that impacts an entity's tax expenditures is reported. This is beneficial because it reduces the hassle of tax returns and keeping order. Personal expenses, on the other hand, are often factored in, even if they don't affect taxes.

Business Tax Accounting

Accounting for tax purposes is very important for large entities such as corporations and businesses. However, because corporate liability and outflow transparency is maintained in a more complicated manner than in personal tax accounting, income and cash withdrawals are documented.

Tax accountants are needed due to the growth of companies to keep track of these issues and prevent legal consequences or complications.

In this fund, everything that is meant for investment or shareholder participation is included, so you can put your money anywhere you like, as long as it has something to do with the company.

Why does your business need tax accounting?

Tax-exempt businesses still have to submit returns annual tax annually, regardless of the type of organization. As a non-profit organization that is exempt from paying taxes, these records show where money was invested, how contributions were received, and how the funds were used by the business.

For some business owners, especially those running small businesses, hiring an accountant, or more specifically a tax accountant, may seem like an unnecessary expense. This is a bad investment for the following reasons:

Saving time

Owning a company requires a large amount of personal sacrifice. You are responsible for many business functions, including anything from creating a budget to promoting and selling products. By involving a tax accountant, the company owner will do his best to run the business.

Tax preparation will be left to professionals due to lack of time. An accountant gives important advice. Getting businesses to pay less taxes is an important part of accountant training. The savings that the owner of the company derives from the guidance of an accountant will be invaluable.

An Accountant Gives Invaluable Advice

Lack of comprehensive tax knowledge and, let's face it, the complexities of taxation can lead to company owners making mistakes, such as reporting incorrect income amounts for tax purposes.

An Accountant Gives Invaluable Advice

Unfortunately, this oversight did not go unnoticed by the tax officials. A tax accountant is well-versed in techniques that can save their customers money and minimize the chances of mistakes made by their clients.

Helping Business Owners Avoid Costly Mistakes

Paying taxes is a difficult thing. One needs to fill out the required paperwork and present a lot of details regarding income, finances, payroll and expenses while operating their company. Take the weight off this tension and let a professional do it right the first time.

A Tax Accountant can Instantly View Tax Exemptions

A person may deduct some costs from their taxes and may not even realize it. People who are financially dependent on someone, even if they are not their biological offspring, may be able to deduct some of their expenses.

A tax accountant will be able to tell you whether certain personal expenses are tax deductible.

Stay Aware of the New Tax Law

It's not uncommon for tax laws to evolve every year. Some people may not be aware of the implications of the new policy.

It is part of the tax accountant's responsibility to receive excellent knowledge of changes in tax regulations. Company owners will also always get the latest information with the help of this tool.

A Tax Accountant can be Reliable Outside of Taxes

In addition to taxes, a tax accountant is experienced in a variety of financial matters that affect client profits.

She's the go-to for everything from financial planning to real estate administration to retirement strategy consulting.

These financial skills imply one engages not only a tax accountant but also an educated business partner.

Basic Tax Accounting

The purpose of implementing tax accounting management is to determine taxable profit and tax payable by modifying the book profit achieved by using accounting principles.

Basic Accounting

All of these changes and additions are entered on the tax return, which is retained for future taxes. Various elements of tax accounting are discussed here, including:

Deferred tax assets

generated when there is a difference between book profit and taxable income that occurs due to timing issues. There are expenditures, such as allowance for receivables, which are treated as deductions from the current year's accounting value.

However, it is acceptable for a tax deduction only if the amount is recorded as a bad debt, which may occur in future years. When someone's taxable profit exceeds their accounting profit, the taxpayer owes more taxes this year.

In the event that the tax request is refused, the additional tax paid as a result of the refusal will be recognized in future years.

Deferred Tax Liability

A deferred tax liability is created when a person or organization has to pay less taxes this year because of a time difference.

Suppose assets of 10,000,000 are depreciated using the straight-line approach in accounting (SLM). Over 8 years, the annual depreciation will be 1,250,000 (10,000,000/8).

However, if an asset is required to be depreciated at the 20% (WDV) rate under tax laws, the carrying amount method must be used. (20% for the first year) = 8,000,000*20% = 1,600,000).

For tax reasons, organizations will get an additional deductible of $350,000 (1,600,000-1,250,000). If we assume the tax rate is 30 percent, the deferred tax liability here is 105,000 (350,000*30 percent).

VAT calculation

In most countries, Goods and Services Tax (GST) or Value Added Tax (VAT) is required on almost all invoices. Therefore, this should not be seen as a cost as the organization receives an Input Tax Credit on the money it has already spent.

In order to claim such inputs, tax authorities impose specific standards for invoice type, company name and registration, second part details, etc. And all of these standards must be met by tax accounting staff before claiming input credits for VAT or GST.

Transfer Prices

In the current era of globalization, many companies have created branches in various regions of the world. The transfer price monitoring policy is known as the “Arm's Length Transaction”, which promotes fair trade regulations around the world.

It is emphasized that third parties may not use products or services that have been supplied to related parties at a price lower than the price offered to unrelated third parties.

Also, if an organization has established the sole foreign office where staff work and no other business is handled in that country, the Company must pay a stipulated proportion (8-15%) of the taxes on expenses incurred to establish a foreign office under transfer pricing policy.

Transfer pricing is one of the fast-paced and challenging components in today's world

  1. Income Categorization
  2. Accounting profit is calculated taking into account all revenues and payments.
  3. However, not all receipts are business-related, and tax rates vary based on the type of receipt.

What is the difference between accounting and financial accounting

What is the Difference between Tax Accounting and Financial Accounting?

Definitions of the two words Financial accounting It is one of the main disciplines of accounting that includes the process of documenting, summarizing and reporting company transactions.

These events effectively outline the creation of an organization's financial reports, such as income statements, cash flow statements, and balance sheets, that reflect a company's unique performance. In other words, financial accounting collects company data and information and then generates a report.

Accounting for tax purposes As its title indicates, it concentrates on the return and payment of taxes rather than making public financial reports.

In simple terms, tax accounting is cash-based accounting where the main emphasis is on cash receipts and cash payments rather than selling or buying activities.

Whether or not you are required to register as VAT in Indonesia, for example, is based on the type of tax you pay and the nature of your company.


Below we have summarized some frequently asked questions about tax accounting, as follows:

What is the purpose of tax accounting?

Tax accounting is accounting that is applied with the aim of knowing the amount of tax that must be paid by the taxpayer. In the world of taxation, actually there is no one who acts as an accountant, there is only a matter of recording and bookkeeping.


Accountancy Tax requires good research skills and the ability to keep up with laws and regulations that change all the time. The use of tax accounting is highly dependent on the amount of cash inflows and cash outflows.

Thus the article about what is tax accounting, types and functions, I hope the article above can be helpful and useful for all of you.

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