Understanding Computer Operating Systems and Their Functions


Understanding Computer Operating Systems and Their Functions

Rancakmedia.com – Do you know about computer operating systems? If you want to know more about this information, see the explanation in this article.

The use of electronic media, especially computers or mobile phones, has grown rapidly. The biggest aspect that encourages consumers to use this gadget is in terms of effective information and communication.

Of course, a gadget needs an operating system to be able to control these two aspects. Because it is essential for the smooth operation of a computer device, the operating system, often known as the OS, becomes an integral part of the system.

Which, will be closely tied to the use of software, hardware and other elements. Since the operating system is so widely used, we will examine its components and how they work in this article.

So that the information obtained is able to offer a more complete picture of the interaction between the OS and human activity itself.

What is a Computer Operating System

Software that can manage software and hardware resources so that they can function effectively and enable system interaction is what we mean by "operating system" (brainware).

If we describe a simple example, the relationship between an operating system and a computer is like a motor vehicle and gasoline. If there is no gas there, the car will not function properly.

It's the same with the operating system, where you won't be able to use a computer device if there is no OS. Likewise, if you have a system device but don't have a computer, it's useless.

Operating System Tasks

In general, the operating system has the responsibility to manage all the software and hardware on the computer. Operating system handles the procedures for accessing software from each other, guaranteeing that each software operates correctly.

Here are some examples of common jobs performed by a computer operating system:

Perform Basic Operations

One of the main responsibilities of an operating system is to perform routine functions on a computer. This operating system is the most basic of software or software systems so that they can work properly. This system helps computers to be able to present computer displays in such a way to their users.

To Present a View

One of the purposes of a computer operating system is to enable the use of programs. To display these programs to new users as soon as the computer is turned on, the computer's operating system allows them to be launched.

In addition, the operating system performs functions such as language translation. To make it easier for end users to understand, the programming language generated by the CPU is translated into a form that can be displayed as images or text.

Computer Operating System Functions

The operating system contains a number of important functions that cannot be replicated by other devices, other than those already mentioned. Operating system functions include the following:

To Manage Hardware Work

Computers have hardware as well as software. In addition to the hardware, the operating system is responsible for the actual computer hardware. CPUs, speakers, mice, and other peripherals are examples of the types of hardware in question.

The operating system hardware is to keep track of hardware and software connections and ensure the computer is working properly.

To Manage Various Applications

Storage memory is where most of your applications are stored. All these programs are connected to the operating system. So, if the computer does not have an operating system, you cannot run the application program.

For Coordination of Computer Devices

To make complex programs easier to create, computer operating systems can organize several computer-related tasks in a logical and sequential manner. practical and efficient.

For Optimal Computer Function

Other operating systems help computer hardware and software perform at their best by adapting their functions to meet specific needs.

The CPU, which takes time to function and make calls to files on the hard drive, is one example of a device that requires special handling.

Types of Operating Systems

After studying the many tasks and functions carried out by an operating system, now is the time to learn about the various computer operating systems. As follows:

DOS Operating System

It is the ancestor of OS as it is the oldest Microsoft computer operating system. DOS, which stands for Disk Operating System, was the first operating system included with IBM personal computers.

Since this is not an operating system with a graphical user interface, all programming instructions must be typed into the Command Prompt.

Almost the same as the previous computer. MS-look DOS is still black and white, with no images or anything other than plain old text. MS-DOS 8 will also be developed by Microsoft. However, development of this operating system was finally stopped in 2000.

Windows Operating System

After the demise of the DOS operating system, Microsoft released the Windows NT family of operating systems as the next step in the evolution of operating systems.

Since its inception, Windows has been preinstalled on nearly every IBM and third-party computer. As a system, Windows is used more worldwide than any other operating system.

Mac OS Operating System

The Mac OS operating system, which is an abbreviation for Macintosh Operating System, is an operating system that is arguably the most exclusive of all OS and is only available on one brand of computer, namely Apple. Mac OS was released in 1984 and was the first operating system to run on LISA computers. The Linux kernel is the operating system for creating Mac OS.

Mac OS was better than other operating systems because it was the first to use a graphical user interface (GUI), which Microsoft later copied.

In the end, Mac OS was updated to use the latest version, called Mac OS X. The tenth version of Mac OS

The originality and exclusivity of this operating system makes it stand out from the rest, giving it a special place in the hearts and homes of its users.

Linux Operating System

The Linux operating system is an open source operating system that is very popular among the entire population. Despite the fact that it is popular under Windows and Mac OS.

Its open source nature gives users the freedom to develop the operating system. Even so, Linux may still be effective when compared to other systems.

The prominent benefits are that this OS is supplier independent, and the operational costs associated with running this OS are relatively low when compared to other operating systems. Since its first release, the Linux OS has used a graphical, and perhaps text-based, foundation and interface.

Unix Operating System

Unix was founded by AT&T, General Electric, and MIT in 1965 for DARPA. Unix is ​​the only operating system that can be used on a variety of computers, including small computers.

Servers and desktop computers can both run Unix, a network operating system. Because it is open source, this operating system can be downloaded for free.

Amiga Operating System

Amiga is an older operating system that is still used, especially on Amiga laptops. This system was first introduced by the Commodore International company in 1985 for its first iteration, which was named Amiga 1000.

This operating system works on one of the most famous mobile phones. phones, especially the Motorola 68 K series, use 1 and 32 bit CPUs. This operating system uses a user interface. However, because it is difficult to find, this operating system is not used by most people.

Google Chrome Operating System

Google Chrome OS is an open source operating system designed by leading organizations, especially Google, with the aim of being able to interoperate with online applications. In 2009, the beta version of Google Chrome was released. A year later, the full version of Google Chrome was introduced.

Google Chrome chose Linux as the reference operating system during the development process because it can only be operated on special hardware. Google Chrome OS comes with a browser, file manager, and media player, among other programs.

Garuda OS Operating System

Garuda OS is a Linux kernel made in Indonesia. Garuda OS is designed so that it can be used by the public to get an operating system that is freeware, open source, and in accordance with SNI or Indonesian national standards.

However, the Garuda OS is not yet very popular among the Indonesian people due to imperfect financing, making this OS quite commonplace so that it does not attract public attention.

BlankOn Operating System

Apart from Garuda OS, Indonesian school children have produced BlankOn, another operating system for use on computers. The Linux kernel is included in BlankOn and Garuda OS.

YPLI developed BlankOn to answer the market need for an operating system that can be used in a variety of environments, including schools, workplaces and government offices.

The operating system, on the other hand, is BlankOn's weakness as it is still unstable and a bit sluggish. Apart from that, this operating system is still less popular and less prestigious compared to other operating systems

Be OS Operating System

Be OS is a type of operating system created by Firm B Inc. for use on PCs or personal computers made by that company.

Initially, this operating system was released for use with Be hardware, especially the Be Box, to ensure proper operation of the hardware. The redesigned Be Box began development in 1991.

The availability of multiprocessors, bandwidth modules and the ability to perform preemptive multitasking are the advantages of the Be Box hardware.

Sun Solaris OS

The Sun Solaris operating system was created in 1992 by the world's largest technology company, Sun Micro Systems. Unix is ​​the basis of the operating system.

With the advantages of other operating systems, such as excellent stability, open source, and the opportunity to obtain ownership or licensing, this operating system stands out.


Below we have summarized some frequently asked questions about computer operating systems, as follows:

What are some examples of operating systems?

Examples of commonly used operating systems are Apple (iOS), Microsoft Windows, Google Android, Apple macOS to Linux.


A computer operating system is software that can manage software and hardware resources so that they can function effectively and enable system interaction.

That is the information about understanding computer operating systems and their functions. Hopefully the article above can be useful and helpful to all of you.

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Hi, let me introduce myself, Lutfi Hulasoh, I am a writer and techno blogger. I started creating a personal blog writing informative articles about the latest trends and developments in technology. My writing covers a wide range of topics, from mobile applications to artificial intelligence, and I can also provide easy-to-understand explanations to help readers understand complex concepts.